This book is a study of constructions of masculinity in a range of medical, cultural and Gothic narratives at the fin de siecle. The final decades of the nineteenth century provide a particularly complex set of examples of how the dominant masculine scripts came to be associated with disease, degeneration and perversity. The book first outlines the theories of degeneracy, explaining how they relate to masculinity. It then charts an alternative British tradition of degeneracy as this British context provides a more immediate background to the case histories that follow. The book presents a close reading of Sir Frederick Treves's Reminiscences; Treves's memoirs focus on the issues confronted by doctors working in the late Victorian period. The Whitechapel murders of 1888 are then discussed. The book focuses on how and why the medical profession became implicated in the murders. The murders also suggested the presence of a demonic, criminalised form of masculine control over the East End. Continuing with its focus on medicine, the book discusses medical textbooks on syphilis in the 1880s and how they responded to a shift in attitude towards attributing responsibility for the spread of syphilis. An examination of how London appears as a gendered space in the work of male authors such as Thomas De Quincey, and Charles Dickens, and later Arthur Conan Doyle and Bram Stoker, is presented. Finally, some aspects of Oscar Wilde's trials are also examined as well as a range of his writings.
When is a door not a door? When it’s ajar.
Arthur & George is a book about unlikely pairings and questionable divisions. It is a fiction about truth and relativity, perception and rationality, fear and authority. Drawing on the real-life investigation by ArthurConanDoyle of a miscarriage of justice, it explores the borderlines of nationality and ethnicity, evidence and imagination, doubt and faith, fact and fiction, endings and beginnings. Above all, it underlines the power of
Speculations of morality and spirituality in Arthur Conan Doyle’s
By the time ArthurConanDoyle wrote to Dr Joseph Bell in 1892, Sherlock Holmes’s fame as the world’s first consulting detective was already established. Bell was famous in his own right among the medical community for being a skilled surgeon and a professor based at Scotland’s Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. A champion of the medical profession, he had taught Doyle 1 and employed him as his outpatient clerk in 1878. Through this relationship, Bell influenced the creation of Holmes, a sentiment Doyle
meeting for the event, ArthurConanDoyle
spoke of the ‘lessons [history] has to teach us’, which could ‘brace us in those
days of trial which may still be coming upon us’, going on to relate an anecdote of how:
In a recent crisis of our foreign affairs, a huge ladder had been erected for decorative purposes against the Nelson Column in Trafalgar Square. ‘What are you
doing?’ asked one of the crowd. ‘Doing?’ said another, ‘they’re a-getting of him
down; they’ll be wantin’ him soon’.
‘So with our national ideals, our memories of great men’, Doyle concluded
sagely – ‘in
Tattoos in crime and detective narratives: Marking and remarking examines
representations of the tattoo and tattooing in literature, television and film,
from two periods of tattoo renaissance (1851–1914, and around 1955 to the
present). The collection reads tattoos and associated scarification, such as
branding, as mimetic devices that mark and remark crime and detective narratives
in complex ways. The chapters utilise a variety of critical perspectives drawn
from posthumanism, spatiality, postcolonialism, embodiment and gender studies to
read the tattoo as individual and community bodily narratives. The collection
develops its focus from the first tattoo renaissance and considers the rebirth
of the tattoo in contemporary culture through literature, children's
literature, film and television. This book has a broad appeal and will be of
interest to all literature and media scholars and, in particular, those with an
interest in crime and detective narratives and skin studies.
Recent studies which explore this link include
Joseph A. Kestner, Sherlock’s Men: Masculinity, Conan Doyle, Cultural
History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1997 ) and Diana Barsham, ArthurConanDoyle and
the Meaning of Masculinity (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000 ). Barsham’s
book is also an exploration of how language-use in the texts works
The tattoo as navel in Louisa May Alcott’s ‘V.V.: Or, plots and
Alexander N. Howe
helpful to move more squarely into the realm of detective fiction, albeit nearer the end of the nineteenth century, with a comparison to ArthurConanDoyle’s writing. Tattoos appear only sparingly in the Sherlock Holmes opus, although their use provides a definitive mark of identification. In A study in scarlet ( 1887 ), for example, a tattoo is the obvious sign missed by Watson in the midst of one of Holmes’s dazzling displays of method. In this case, the mark allows the detective to identify a sergeant of the marines from across the street. In the later well
offer a more balanced view. 34 Reports critical of the high death rate
on both sides, the debilitating effects of disease, and the cruelty
inflicted on the Boers and their families were similarly unread
until hostilities were nearing their end, although the Daily
Mail had offered such evidence to its readers. Even the
celebrated and well-connected ArthurConanDoyle was forced to wait
The clinical challenges of nursing typhoid patients during the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902)
ArthurConanDoyle, The Great Boer War (London, Smith, Elder & Co.,
1900), 370; Gabriel and Metz, A History of Military Medicine, 217; Curtin,
Disease and Empire, 209.
30 W. S. Inder, On active service with the SJAB, South African War, 1899–1902
(Whitefish, MT, Kessinger Publishing, 2009), 55.
31 Driver, Experience of a Siege, 20.
32 Frederick Treves, The Tale of a Field Hospital (London, Cassell & Co.,
33 Leigh Canney, ‘Typhoid in the army’, The Times, no. 36540 (1901), 8; Leigh
Canney, ‘Typhoid the destroyer of armies and its abolition opinions of the
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Typewriter, pianola, slate, phonograph 53
Their Presence in America and Europe, London: Saunders, Otley and Co.,
1864, p. 47.
15 Richard Cope Morgan, An Inquiry into Table-Miracles, Their Cause,
Character, and Consequence; Illustrated by Recent Manifestations of
Spirit-Writing and Spirit-Music, Bath: Binns and Goodwin, 1853, p. 15.
16 Britten, Modern American Spiritualism, pp. 104, 155, 202, 288, 463–4
and more. See also many cases of musical manifestations cited in the two
volumes of ArthurConanDoyle’s The History of