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Historical and anthropological approaches to a changing regime of governance

What does global health stem from, when is it born, how does it relate to the contemporary world order? This book explores the origins of global health, a new regime of health intervention in countries of the global South, born around 1990. It proposes an encompassing view of the transition from international public health to global health, bringing together historians and anthropologists to explore the relationship between knowledge, practices and policies. It aims at interrogating two gaps left by historical and anthropological studies of the governance of health outside Europe and North America. The first is a temporal gap between the historiography of international public health through the 1970s and the numerous anthropological studies of global health in the present. The second originates in problems of scale. Macro-inquiries of institutions and politics, and micro-investigations of local configurations, abound. The book relies on a stronger engagement between history and anthropology, i.e. the harnessing of concepts (circulation, scale, transnationalism) crossing both of them, and on four domains of intervention: tuberculosis, mental health, medical genetics and traditional (Asian) medicines. The volume analyses how the new modes of ‘interventions on the life of others’ recently appeared, why they blur the classical divides between North and South and how they relate to the more general neoliberal turn in politics and economy. The book is meant for academics, students and health professionals interested in new discussions about the transnational circulation of drugs, bugs, therapies, biomedical technologies and people in the context of the ‘neoliberal turn’ in development practices.

Introduction
Claire Beaudevin, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Christoph Gradmann, Anne M. Lovell, and Laurent Pordié

touched by the globalization of health today: infectious disease (TB), non-communicable disease (mental health), traditional medicine (Asian medicines) and high-technology medical innovations (medical genetics). Within each field, the authors interrogate specific assemblages to approach processes rather than structures. While never losing sight of local specificities, the chapters emphasize transversal processes, such as movements of ‘localization’ and ‘generalization’ that challenge attempts at making ‘things [purely] global’ in the name of universality by overriding

in Global health and the new world order
Julian M. Simpson

that a key contributor to the large-scale migration of South Asian doctors was the fact that South Asian medical systems continued to work along post-​imperial lines rather than being radically redefined. British medicine remained a model to be emulated and South Asian medicine continued to situate itself in relation to medicine in Britain. Those responsible for healthcare systems and medical training on the subcontinent continued to internalise the values of the imperial power, in the way that Frantz Fanon described in Peau noire, masques blancs (black skin, white

in Migrant architects of the NHS
Acupuncture and the techno-politics of bodyscape
Wen-Hua Kuo

Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist. (Attributed to Pablo Picasso) Introduction: global acupuncture and bodies on treatment Acupuncture is an essential part of East Asian medicine. A peculiar way of diagnosing and treating people via meridians inside their bodies punctuated by regulatory points, it is a simple yet sophisticated art of healing that has been used

in Global health and the new world order
Howard Chiang

myself, a resulting international conference was held at the University of Westminster in London in August 2010 that invited historians working at the cutting edge of scholarship on East Asian medicine to engage with the philosophical concerns of epistemology, the thick descriptive modes of critical analysis, and the tools of cultural studies. A selection of the conference papers  – those focusing on Chinese medicine in the modern context  – has been revised considerably in the intermittent years and forms the basis of this collection. The chapters each raise and

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
Daktar Binodbihari Ray Kabiraj and the metaphorics of the nineteenth-century Ayurvedic body
Projit Bihari Mukharji

largest and best funded non-biomedical tradition in South Asia, but also as a global therapeutic option available in each of the major continents. 12 Moreover, my window into this Ayurvedic modernity will be the nineteenth-century Ayurvedic body. In the interests of space, I have developed my account of Ayurvedic modernity through a discussion of the writings of one particular Ayurvedic author, Binodbihari Ray (1862–?). After a brief review of the extant literature on Asian medicines and modernity, I

in Progress and pathology
The case of Wang Shixiong (1808–68)
Yi-Li Wu

in late imperial China,” forthcoming in Asian Medicine 8.2 (2014). 8 Pi, Jindai zhongyi. 9 Lei, “Qi-transformation.” 10 For details, see Marta E. Hanson, Speaking of Epidemics in Chinese Medicine: Disease and the Geographic Imagination in Late Imperial China (Abingdon: Routledge, 2011). 11 Unless otherwise noted, all page citations from the Chongqing tang suibi come from the widely available reprint edition published as part of Wang Mengying yixue quanshu (The Complete Collection of Wang Mengying’s Medical Books) (Beijing: Zhongguo zhongyiyao chubanshe, 1999

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
Material culture approaches to exploring humanitarian exchanges
Amanda B. Moniz

, ‘contribute[d] to the prosperity’ of the port city and, as a result, the whole state. Indeed, the patient population reflected the city’s position as a thriving commercial port. About half the patients were foreign-born, with Irish and British predominating, but patients also hailed from across Europe, the West Indies and occasionally Asia. Medicine, medical books and journals, and other supplies necessary for tending to the

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Chinese practices of centring
Stephan Feuchtwang

. 2007. Qigong Fever: Body, Science and Utopia in China. London: Hurst & Co. Robson, James. 2009. Power of Place: The Religious Landscape of the Southern Sacred Peak (Nanyue) in Medieval China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Scheid, Volker and Laurent Pordié. 2011. Defining best practice or cultivating best practitioners. In Volker Scheid and Hugh MacPherson (eds), Integrating East Asian Medicines into Modern Health Care. Edinburgh and New York: Elsevier. Pp. 13–38. Schipper, Kristofer. 1982. Le Corps Taoiste. Paris: Fayard. Shahar, Meir and Robert Weller

in Framing cosmologies
Saurabh Mishra

Policy (Stockholm: SAREC, 1982 ). 18 Deepak Kumar, ‘ Health and Medicine in British India and Dutch Indies: A Comparative Study ’, in Joseph Alter (ed.), Asian Medicine and Globalization (Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), pp. 78

in Beastly encounters of the Raj