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Domestic change through European integration
Otmar Höll, Johannes Pollack, and Sonja Puntscher-Riekmann

2444Ch14 3/12/02 14 2:05 pm Page 337 Otmar Höll, Johannes Pollack and Sonja Puntscher-Riekmann Austria: domestic change through European integration Introduction: ambivalence as ‘Leitmotiv’ Austria’s attitude towards the (West) European integration process after 1945 has been ambivalent at best.1 The Second Republic was designed as a democratic system, based on political pluralism and party competition. However, its political culture and its real character (Realverfassung), because of its strong corporatist elements, developed into the typical features of

in Fifteen into one?
Abstract only
Michael Carter-Sinclair

Violence erupts German forces would have overwhelmed any resistance that the Austrian army might have mustered, but it was still to be seen whether they would win over the bulk of the population for what was, in effect, an invasion. Austrians were still deeply divided about Anschluss . Christian Socials split along many lines. The Social Democrats, among the most enthusiastic supporters of Anschluss immediately after the First World War, opposed it as long as the Nazis were in power. 1 But, it did not take long to determine the general direction of

in Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites
Sound, voice and intermediality
Daniel Gilfillan

, this complex intermedial act also comprises an understanding of how this radiophonic space, as materialised through the perceptive capacities of sound and the transmission/reception capacities of radio, encompasses and organises a notion of intermediality that features the compositional minds of artists and the compositional minds of listeners as the site where these meanings and legitimacies take shape. At the centre of the chapter is an investigation of three poetry-based sound works created for Austrian radio that will help us to understand how the intermedial

in Tuning in to the neo-avant-garde
Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 09/04/2013, SPi 13 The Austrian Centre – and ‘the great Eva’ Of all the organisations founded by the German-speaking exiles in Britain, the Austrian Centre was probably the most successful, both in terms of its number of members and in the range of facilities and services it offered.1 It was established in March 1939 as a charitable, non-profit-making and non-political body, with the ailing Sigmund Freud as its first Honorary President, to be succeeded by the former Austrian ambassador to Britain, Sir Georg[e] Franckenstein. It was

in A matter of intelligence
Michael Carter-Sinclair

Vienna. The Chronik of the Church for the Most Holy Trinity, in Reindorf, in the west of Vienna, recorded only the briefest details of these events, and curtly pointed anyone who wished to read about events to look at certain issues from that year of Österreichische Woche (Austrian Week), a popular photographic news magazine. 13 According to the Chronik at St Laurenz, Schottenfeld, the events had almost no effect on the parish, as not a single shot fell within its area. That there was ‘no effect’ on the parish was clearly the subjective view of the person making

in Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites
Matthew Gibson

This article attempts to understand the importance of Dracula and The Lady of the Shroud in relation to the Eastern Question, and in particular with reference to the controversy caused by the Treaty of Berlin (1878). Centring on Dracula‘s speech on his ethnic origins, the author shows how Stoker has manipulated his sources in order to present his protagonist as being more decidedly involved in wars with the Turks than he in fact was, and in doing so to justify Disraeli‘s pro-Austrian and pro-Turkish line at the Berlin Treaty. In this the influence of Stoker‘s Turcophile brother George makes itself known. During the Bosnia crisis these views change, but are nevertheless in keeping with the conservative and patriotic line.

Gothic Studies
Maria Cioată

This article presents a forgotten manuscript of a personal account of one of the first Jewish settlers who departed from Romania to Palestine in 1882 and helped found the colony of Samarin, which was later taken over by Baron de Rothschild and renamed Zichron Yaakov. Friedrich Horn, a schoolmaster with Austrian nationality who had settled in Romania fifteen years before his departure to Palestine, gave the manuscript of his unfinished work Nationaltraum der Juden to Moses Gaster. Gaster kept it among his collection of manuscripts. He considered it a diary rather than as Horn obviously had in mind, a contribution to historiography intended to be published. The text provides significant evidence concerning the underappreciated role of Jews from Romania in the historiography of Zionism.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

rooms and halls of the Biennale on my first day there, I remained distinctly underwhelmed. It seemed to me that the event was dominated by unrealistic, top-down designs that were too resource intensive and far too politically unpalatable to ever work in practice. But then I stumbled upon the Austrian pavilion. At the end of that wet afternoon my feet were tired from walking, my head was bursting from seeing too many unworkable ideas and I was looking for somewhere to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

rise of mass military mobilisations ( Farré, 2014 ). In the memory of the humanitarian movement, the Battle of Solferino stands as the inaugural event leading to the adoption of the first diplomatic treaty with humanitarian aims. A Franco-Sardinian coalition led by Napoleon III was fighting the Austrian army led by Emperor Franz Joseph. It was outside Solferino, a small town in northern Italy, that one of the bloodiest battles since the end of the Napoleonic Wars was fought

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Visual Politics and Narratives of Red Cross Museums in Europe and the United States, 1920s to 2010s
Sönke Kunkel

the Clara Barton Birthplace Museum ( Washington Post , 1921 ). Outside of the United States, too, the idea of a historical Red Cross museum found some followers. In Europe, an individual collector from Salzburg, Austria, curated a museum dedicated to humanitarian rescue missions, in 1929, and in Japan, a Red Cross museum opened its doors some years later. Unlike their American role model, both museums had only a marginal impact, however. The Japanese museum opened only temporarily for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs