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An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

Inácio] Lula [da Silva], when I was foreign minister, Brazil, recognising partiality in the application of human rights rules, didn’t seek to undermine them but rather universalise them, make them truer. So, for the periodic review, we proposed that there should be a global report on the state of human rights in the world, with chapters on each country, rather than separate country reports. Now, I am not sure who is going to rescue this discourse. Interestingly, in some areas, it might be the BRICS that end up as champions of multilateralism. Brazil

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Difficulties of a Randomised Clinical Trial Confronted with Real Life in Southern Niger
Mamane Sani Souley Issoufou

. The Medical Record: A Medical Quantification Tool A randomised clinical trial tests a new drug or vaccine in order to evaluate its efficacy in the human body, while taking all possible safety precautions, to make sure it is effective prior to marketing approval, which is itself based on a set of well-regulated procedures ( Brives, 2012 ; Couderc, 2011 ; Lakoff, 2007 ; Marks, 1999 ; Petryna, 2009 ). Trial participants are tracked and followed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

medical supplies to some of these areas, but only by negotiating with Damascus would it be possible to get aid through in sufficient quantity and of acceptable quality. Various attempts were made to contact the Syrian authorities using a number of channels that I have split into three categories: attempts at direct contact, the ‘BRICS’ (Brazil, Russia, China, India, South Africa) card and the Russian option. This article does not cover the full range of initiatives undertaken

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

exercise of its power, through force and the active division and dispersion of its competitors, boycotting every kind of multilateral or regional agreement or bloc, from the European Union to UNASUR, from NAFTA to the BRICS. Can this new American strategy be reversed? It is difficult to tell, but it is important to understand that it didn’t come from nowhere, nor is it the exclusive work of President Trump. The polarisation of American society and the internal divisions within the American establishment will likely increase in the coming years, but it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An overview

As India has risen economically and militarily in recent years, its political clout on the global stage has also seen a commensurate increase. From the peripheries of international affairs, India is now at the centre of major power politics. It is viewed as a major balancer in the Asia-Pacific, a major democracy that can be a major ally of the West in countering China even as India continues to challenge the West on a whole range of issues – non-proliferation, global trade and climate change. Indian foreign policy was driven by a sense of idealism since its independence in 1947. India viewed global norms as important as it kept a leash on the interests of great powers and gave New Delhi “strategic autonomy” to pursue its interests. But as India itself has emerged as a major global power, its foreign policy has moved towards greater “strategic realism.” This book is an overview of Indian foreign policy as it has evolved in recent times. The focus of the book is on the 21st century with historical context provided as appropriate. It will be an introductory book on Indian foreign policy and is not intended to be a detailed examination of any of its particular aspects. It examines India’s relationships with major powers, with its neighbours and other regions, as well as India’s stand on major global issues. The central argument of the book is that with a gradual accretion in its powers, India has become more aggressive in the pursuit of its interests, thereby emerging as an important player in the shaping of the global order in the new millennium.

Lord Gower, idolatry and the cult of the bric-à-brac diva
John Potvin

renovated home, its interiors and the various objects they contained with the neglected and long since forgotten publication of Bric À Brac or some Photoprints Illustrating Art Objects at Gower Lodge, Windsor [ Figure 2.2 ]. Exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1877 along with his statue of Marie Antoinette, Gower placed one of his most celebrated sculptures, Old Guard , outside the front door, faithfully guarding it and marking the property as a product of his own aesthetic devising [ Figure 2.3 ]. 2.1 Camille Silvy. Lord Ronald Charles Gower Sutherland

in Bachelors of a different sort
Abstract only
Kees van der Pijl

popular revolts against oligarchic plunder –​a lesson for 2014. In the concluding part of the chapter I look at how Ukraine is situated in the economic balance between the liberal West and the Eurasian/​BRICS contender bloc and identify the anti-​Russian oligarchs who sought to align Ukraine with the EU and NATO. They included Kuchma’s son-​in-​law, the gas pipeline magnate, Viktor Pinchuk, interlocked with the Atlantic ruling class through his Yalta European Strategy (‘YES’) network; Ihor Kolomoiskiy of the Privat Group, which combines banking, energy and airline

in Flight MH17, Ukraine and the new Cold War
Arantza Gómez Arana

). Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRICs) since 2006 have started to discuss political matters as a group. In 2011 South Africa joined them, with the acronym changing to BRICs. Having representation from Africa gave more validity to the aim of the South counterbalancing the North. The prediction was that by 2040 the economies of the BRICs and Mexico together will be superior to those of the G8 economies, with China at the top. This new scenario is challenging, in particular due to the conceptualisation of a unipolar world as the US's economic and military power have been

in Latin America–European Union relations in the twenty-first century
A philosophical and practical understanding
Elena Chebankova

trade agreements that exist between Western countries and the ‘rest of the world’. Nevertheless, the interest in forming a free trade agreement with Russia and the EAEU is strong, with serious political intentions coming from successful economic players such as Israel, Singapore, and South Korea. Participation in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) alliance is another multipolar economic initiative supported by Russia. More importantly, the BRICS have suggested the idea of BRICS+, which looks to expand partnerships between

in National perspectives on a multipolar order
Abstract only
The BRICS fallacy
Harsh V. Pant

Snapshot 2: The BRICS fallacy Representing around 40  percent of the world’s population and nearly a quarter of its economic output, BRICS does offer promise of clout. The economic profile of the five nations, especially that of China, has continued to grow with suggestions that BRICS collectively could become bigger than the United States by 2018 and by 2050 even surpass the combined economies of G-7 states. Yet a major challenge for ongoing influence from BRICS is China’s dominance over the other four members. For all its promise, BRICS has remained a talking

in Indian foreign policy