An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Inácio] Lula [da Silva], when I was foreign minister, Brazil, recognising
partiality in the application of human rights rules, didn’t seek to undermine them but
rather universalise them, make them truer. So, for the periodic review, we proposed that there
should be a global report on the state of human rights in the world, with chapters on each
country, rather than separate country reports.
Now, I am not sure who is going to rescue this discourse. Interestingly, in some areas, it
might be the BRICS that end up as champions of multilateralism. Brazil
The Difficulties of a Randomised Clinical Trial Confronted with Real Life
in Southern Niger
Mamane Sani Souley Issoufou
The Medical Record: A Medical Quantification Tool
A randomised clinical trial tests a new drug or vaccine in order to evaluate its
efficacy in the human body, while taking all possible safety precautions, to make
sure it is effective prior to marketing approval, which is itself based on a set of
well-regulated procedures ( Brives, 2012 ;
Couderc, 2011 ; Lakoff, 2007 ; Marks,
1999 ; Petryna, 2009 ). Trial
participants are tracked and followed
medical supplies to some of these areas, but only by negotiating with Damascus would
it be possible to get aid through in sufficient quantity and of acceptable quality.
Various attempts were made to contact the Syrian authorities using a number of
channels that I have split into three categories: attempts at direct contact, the
‘BRICS’ (Brazil, Russia, China, India, South Africa) card and the
Russian option. This article does not cover the full range of initiatives undertaken
exercise of its power, through force
and the active division and dispersion of its competitors, boycotting every kind of multilateral
or regional agreement or bloc, from the European Union to UNASUR, from NAFTA to the BRICS.
Can this new American strategy be reversed? It is difficult to tell, but it is important to
understand that it didn’t come from nowhere, nor is it the exclusive work of President
Trump. The polarisation of American society and the internal divisions within the American
establishment will likely increase in the coming years, but it
As India has risen economically and militarily in recent years, its political clout on the global stage has also seen a commensurate increase. From the peripheries of international affairs, India is now at the centre of major power politics. It is viewed as a major balancer in the Asia-Pacific, a major democracy that can be a major ally of the West in countering China even as India continues to challenge the West on a whole range of issues – non-proliferation, global trade and climate change. Indian foreign policy was driven by a sense of idealism since its independence in 1947. India viewed global norms as important as it kept a leash on the interests of great powers and gave New Delhi “strategic autonomy” to pursue its interests. But as India itself has emerged as a major global power, its foreign policy has moved towards greater “strategic realism.” This book is an overview of Indian foreign policy as it has evolved in recent times. The focus of the book is on the 21st century with historical context provided as appropriate. It will be an introductory book on Indian foreign policy and is not intended to be a detailed examination of any of its particular aspects. It examines India’s relationships with major powers, with its neighbours and other regions, as well as India’s stand on major global issues. The central argument of the book is that with a gradual accretion in its powers, India has become more aggressive in the pursuit of its interests, thereby emerging as an important player in the shaping of the global order in the new millennium.
Lord Gower, idolatry and the cult of the bric-à-brac diva
renovated home, its interiors and the various objects they contained with the neglected and long since forgotten publication of Bric À Brac or some Photoprints Illustrating Art Objects at Gower Lodge, Windsor [ Figure 2.2 ]. Exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1877 along with his statue of Marie Antoinette, Gower placed one of his most celebrated sculptures, Old Guard , outside the front door, faithfully guarding it and marking the property as a product of his own aesthetic devising [ Figure 2.3 ].
2.1 Camille Silvy. Lord Ronald Charles Gower Sutherland
popular revolts against oligarchic plunder –a lesson for 2014.
In the concluding part of the chapter I look at how Ukraine is situated in the economic balance between the liberal West and the Eurasian/BRICS contender bloc and
identify the anti-Russian oligarchs who sought to align Ukraine with the EU and NATO.
They included Kuchma’s son-in-law, the gas pipeline magnate, Viktor Pinchuk, interlocked
with the Atlantic ruling class through his Yalta European Strategy (‘YES’) network; Ihor
Kolomoiskiy of the Privat Group, which combines banking, energy and airline
). Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRICs) since 2006 have started to discuss political matters as a group. In 2011 South Africa joined them, with the acronym changing to BRICs. Having representation from Africa gave more validity to the aim of the South counterbalancing the North. The prediction was that by 2040 the economies of the BRICs and Mexico together will be superior to those of the G8 economies, with China at the top. This new scenario is challenging, in particular due to the conceptualisation of a unipolar world as the US's economic and military power have been
trade agreements that exist between Western countries and the ‘rest of the world’. Nevertheless, the interest in forming a free trade agreement with Russia and the EAEU is strong, with serious political intentions coming from successful economic players such as Israel, Singapore, and South Korea.
Participation in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) alliance is another multipolar economic initiative supported by Russia. More importantly, the BRICS have suggested the idea of BRICS+, which looks to expand partnerships between
Snapshot 2: The BRICS fallacy
Representing around 40 percent of the world’s population and nearly a
quarter of its economic output, BRICS does offer promise of clout. The economic profile of the five nations, especially that of China, has continued to
grow with suggestions that BRICS collectively could become bigger than
the United States by 2018 and by 2050 even surpass the combined economies of G-7 states.
Yet a major challenge for ongoing influence from BRICS is China’s dominance over the other four members. For all its promise, BRICS has remained