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A force for peace in the world
Bertie Ahern

4 The European Union: a force for peace in the world The Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, TD Introduction Taoiseach Bertie Ahern’s lecture in March 2004, on ‘The European Union: a force for peace in the world’, came at a critical juncture in the institution’s history; and in the Northern Ireland peace process. Importantly, he was speaking in his capacity as President of the European Council, a position held by Ireland, as it did by rotation amongst member states, from 1 January until 30 June that year. By then, he had intimate and extensive experience of government at

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
The changing face of European policy making under Blair and Ahern
Author: Scott James

As two of the longest-serving prime ministers in Europe, Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were in power during one of the most tumultuous periods of European integration. This book offers an insight into how they responded to the demands and opportunities of European Union (EU) membership at the national level. Drawing on extensive interviews with key figures, it explores how the two leaders sought to radically reshape the EU national policy-making process in the UK and Ireland in order to further their strategic policy agendas. The book therefore asks three key questions. How did the national EU policy process change between 1997 and 2007? To what extent did the UK and Irish policy processes converge or diverge? Did the reforms enhance the projection of national policy? These empirical and comparative questions are related to broader theoretical and conceptual debates concerning Europeanisation. By employing conceptual and analytical frameworks, the book considers what these reforms tell us about the nature of the ‘EU effect’ in different member states. Do governments simply adjust to EU-level pressures for change or try to adapt strategically in order to maximise their influence? Are the changes attributable to political agency or do they derive from longer-term structural developments in Brussels?

Affordable threats?

On the afternoon of September 11 2001 the Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), Bertie Ahern ordered the ‘heads of the security services of key government departments’ to undertake a complete re-evaluation of measures to protect the state from attack. Hence, underway within hours of the 9/11 outrage in the United States was potentially the most far-reaching review of Irish national security in decades. This book, an academic investigation of Irish national security policy as it has operated since 9/11, provides a theoretically informed analysis of that re-evaluation and the decisions that were taken as a consequence of it up until September 2008. In so doing, it draws on unprecedented access to Ireland's police, security and intelligence agencies; over twenty senior personnel agreed to be interviewed. Questions are raised over the effectiveness of the Irish agencies, the relative absence of naval and airborne defence and the impact on national security of the policy imperative to transform the Defence Forces, particularly the army, for more robust missions overseas. The book also considers the securitisation of Irish immigration policy and the apparent absence of a coherent integration policy despite international evidence suggesting the potential for radicalisation in socially marginalised western communities. Theoretically, the book demonstrates the utility to the analysis of national security policy of three conceptual models of historical institutionalism, governmental politics and threat evaluation.

Gary Murphy

4 Tribunals of inquiry and the politics of corrupt influence At no time during our meeting were any favours sought or given. Ray Burke, 15 September 1997 Payments for no political response Fianna Fáil was the big winner in the 1997 general election, returning with 77 seats, an impressive gain of 9 on its 1992 showing, albeit on a similar overall percentage of the vote at 39.3 per cent. With the 4 seats won by the PDs, the two parties negotiated a programme for government and were supported by a number of independents. Bertie Ahern, so cruelly in his own mind

in Electoral competition in Ireland since 1987
John Cunningham

Republic of Ireland in Northern Ireland affairs.64 Throughout the suspension of devolution after 2002, the British and Irish governments operated a form of joint stewardship over Northern Ireland. In January 2006, amid frustration over the lack of agreement between the Democratic Unionist Party and Sinn Féin, Tony Blair and Taoiseach Bertie Ahern issued a joint statement: ‘[W]‌e are conscious of the responsibilities that the Governments bear. We are fully prepared to exercise those responsibilities. However we are convinced that those best placed to lay the foundations

in The British Labour Party and twentieth-century Ireland
Donnacha Ó Beacháin

. Haughey survived until January and Reynolds decisively defeated Mary O’Rourke and Michael Woods in the subsequent leadership election on 6 February 1992, taking sixty-one of the seventy-seven votes. Critical to the ease with which Reynolds swept to power was the decision of Haughey-loyalist Bertie Ahern not to contest the election. Though only forty years of age, Ahern was a veteran of six successful parliamentary election campaigns and had replaced Reynolds as Minister for Finance when he resigned from the cabinet to challenge Haughey. Ahern decided to master his newly

in From Partition to Brexit
Abstract only
The politics of Europe in the UK and Ireland
Scott James

the UK, the change of government that occurred in 1997 did not herald a significant break with either the style or substance of what had come before. The transition from John Bruton’s Fine Gael-Labour-Democratic left government to Bertie Ahern’s Fianna Fáil-Progressive Democrat government was, in terms of European policy at least, marked by overwhelming continuity. With hindsight Ireland’s acceptance into the first wave of entrants for the new single currency in 1999 probably marked the high watermark of Ahern’s European policy. Yet it also

in Managing Europe from home
Scott James

As two of the longest-serving prime ministers in Europe, Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern had a profound impact on both the national and European stage. Their decade in power coincided with perhaps one of the most tumultuous periods of European integration, with no less than two successful rounds of treaty reform, a stalled Constitutional Treaty process, and two ratification crises. This book sets out to explore the way in which both leaders responded to the demands and opportunities of European Union (EU) membership by profoundly reshaping

in Managing Europe from home
Author: Graham Spencer

This second of two volumes on the Irish Government’s role in forging the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 and implementing the political power-sharing mechanisms and institutions that followed provides the most expansive account yet of the peace process from the Irish perspective. Drawing from extended interviews with key officials and political leaders, this volume details the challenges faced in managing the peace process to reach agreement, before working to oversee the establishment and implementation of the institutions that resulted from agreement. The interviews in this volume address key areas such a building relationships, trust, confidence, strategic management, pragmatism, engaging militant protagonists and meeting the challenges of leadership, to create a definitive picture of the issues faced by the Irish Government in the attempt to end conflict in Northern Ireland.

Reconfiguring coordination
Scott James

Mechanisms of coordination refer to those ‘horizontal’ processes that embed strategic networking in regularised practices, facilitate and structure interaction, and create relationships of mutual interdependency. They include formal structures of decision making and coordination (such as standing committees), as well as informal processes of consultation and communication (for example through ad hoc meetings, circulation lists or correspondence). Within the European Union (EU) network, these mechanisms are critical for coordinating policy across departmental boundaries. The chapter first provides an overview of horizontal networking within the EU network immediately after accession in 1973 and how it evolved through to 1997. It then explores its development during the administrations of Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern, using the 2004 and 2005 EU presidencies in Ireland and the UK as comparative case studies of the particularly elaborate mechanisms that are put in place for its duration.

in Managing Europe from home