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Author: Kevern Verney

The blossoming of interest in black history since the 1950s was directly linked to the rise of Martin Luther King and the post-Second World War Civil Rights Movement. The advances achieved in desegregation and black voting rights since the 1950s suggested that this was a destination that King's children, and African Americans as a whole, would ultimately reach. In the inter-war years there were indications that some scholars were willing to examine the more depressing realities of black life, most notably in a series of academic studies on lynching. The book discusses the approach of Du Bois to the academic studies on black migrants from a sociological perspective. When African American history began to command more serious attention in the mid-1960s, the generation of historians who had had direct personal experience of the Great Depression and the Second World War began to reach the age of retirement. The book also examines the achievements of race leaders like Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael, the Black Power Movement and Black Nationalism of the 1960s. In a 1996 study, political scientist Robert C. Scholarly debate on the African American experience from the 1890s through to the early 1920s gathered momentum with fresh studies on the spread of racial segregation and black migration to the cities. The rise of feminism and popularity of women's history prompted academic researchers to pay attention to the issue of gender in African American history. Stereotyped depictions of African Americans in US popular culture are also discussed.

Kevern Verney

Among Negro Migrants in Detroit’, by Erdmann D. Beynon, was published in The American Journal of Sociology in 1938 and examined the origins of the organization, its broad ideology and the social and economic background of its followers. It was, however, ‘short on historical antecedents’ and failed ‘to situate the organization within the history of black nationalism or Islam in the United States’. The thesis, a 1951 MA dissertation in sociology at the University of Chicago by Hatim A. Sahib, was entitled simply ‘The Nation of Islam’ and studied the development of the

in The Debate on Black Civil Rights in America
Sol Plaatje and W.E.B.Du Bois
Laura Chrisman

-nationalist. The cultural values and critical perspectives of black nationalism were, Gilroy argued, ‘antithetical to the rhizomorphic, fractal structure of the transcultural, international formation of the black Atlantic’ (p. 3). He argued nation-centred conceptions of culture to be incompatible with the values of cultural hybridity that had been generated through the black Atlantic, and also viewed the political concerns of nationalism as fundamentally opposed by the transnationalist disposition of black Atlantic politics. Caricaturing nationalism as Afrocentrism, as

in Postcolonial contraventions
Abstract only
A Grenadian ‘Miss World’, 1970
Rochelle Rowe

Africa South’, Pearl Jansen. Jansen was placed as first runner-up and reportedly the sight of two ‘non-white’ finalists, in first and second place, prompted many complaints to the British press from TV audiences.4 The reverberations of a peak of black-nationalist activism in New York and the anti-Apartheid j 182 J afterword struggle in South Africa were being felt throughout the African Diaspora. Thus Hosten was questioned on both black nationalism and feminism, two movements that had always been interdependent in the New World. Unsurprisingly, Hosten deftly batted

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
Homer B. Pettey

-Espionnage (SDECE; or British Secret Service) agents. In Malcolm X's case, he had become a pariah to the Nation of Islam for his outspoken defiance against Elijah Muhammad's hypocritical black nationalist ideology. In an interview with the Young Socialist , Malcolm X denounced black nationalism after speaking with an Algerian ambassador, most likely Ben Barka, who questioned Malcolm X's reasoning: When I told him that my political, social and economic philosophy was black nationalism, he asked me very frankly, well, where did that leave him? Because he was white

in The films of Costa-Gavras
Open Access (free)
Paul Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic
Laura Chrisman

, where his emphasis falls on a black trans- and anti-national identity as an antidote to the pernicious exclusivisms heralded by black nationalism-as-ethnic-absolutism. Important though it is, Gilroy’s denunciation in ‘There Ain’t No Black’ of a cosily racialist cultural nationalism, shared by right and left, needs revision and supplementation. His denunciation rests on a chapter4 21/12/04 11:00 am Journeying to death Page 77 77 fatalism – there ain’t no black in the Union Jack and there never can be – which ironically operates to leave such racially exclusive

in Postcolonial contraventions
Robbie McVeigh

Africa, the Caribbean and the USA. Kwame Ture worked in support of these principles until he died of prostate cancer in Guinea in 1998. His activism spanned a continuum of evolving Black Liberation politics throughout the 1960s like no other individual – ranging from reformism to US Black nationalism to Africanist and socialist internationalism. He was a leader in SNCC, the Black Panther Party and the All African People’s Revolutionary Party. In later life he remained critical of the supposed economic and electoral progress made by African Americans since the 1960s. We

in Mobilising classics
Distance, perspective and an ‘inclusive nationhood’
Mary Chamberlain

, and a solidarity among participants of the African diaspora. It articulated a black nationalism and black vindication. Even though many of the ideas of pan-Africanism and African pride had been anticipated by Caribbean activists such as Edward Blyden in the nineteenth century, or Sylvester Williams in the early twentieth, it was Garvey’s insights of combining pragmatism with idealism, at a time when

in Empire and nation-building in the Caribbean
Cultural revolution and feminist voices, 1929–50
Rochelle Rowe

-class proprietorship of the transition to self-government on behalf of a supposedly immature majority black population emerged. This order ignored the rise of race-conscious politics amongst blacks and preferred instead to engender a harmonious national unity. However, though it would be erased in the march towards nationhood, black nationalism had nonetheless provided the impetus for much of the social and cultural activism that thrived during this period.9 Herbert de Lisser, Planters’ Punch and the origins of ‘Miss Jamaica’ Drawing a veil over the social upheaval and cultural

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
Tracey Nicholls

Kofsky , Black Nationalism and the Revolution in Music ( New York : Pathfinder , 1970 ), p. 242 . 10 To be clear, I am not arguing here that Coltrane’s account of his project should be privileged as the definitive interpretation because he is the author. I do think authors’/artists’ accounts

in Foucault’s theatres