Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 26 items for :

  • "Britain's economic history" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
The essentials
Series: Politics Today
Author: Bill Jones

'Politics' with a big 'P' is concerned with how we, individuals and groups, relate to the state. This book commences with a definition of political activity with a focus on conflict, and government and democracy. Britain is, arguably, the oldest democracy in the world, though it took many centuries for it to evolve into its current 'representative' form. Conflict resolution depends on the political system involved. The book draws together all the elements of government, explaining the British system of governance, which is democracy but utilises representatives. Civil service advises ministers and carries out the day- to-day running of government. The book then describes the transformation of the British system of governance from an absolute monarchy to a representative democracy. It examines how economic changes have affected Britain over the centuries, and presents some thoughts on the absence of a modern British revolution. It presents an account of Britain's economic history, the class developments and differences, and the absence of a modern revolution despite astonishing levels of income inequality. Factors that might influence the political culture of Britain are discussed next. The book also touches upon the sources of British constitution, the process of constitutional amendments prevailing in the U.S. and Britain, current British politics, and the development of pressure groups in Britain. Finally, the history of party government in Britain, and details of the Conservative Party, Labour Party, the Social and Liberal Democrats, House of Commons, and Britain's international relations are discussed.

Bill Jones

This chapter examines how economic changes have affected Britain over the centuries, and presents some thoughts on the absence of a modern British revolution. It presents an account of Britain's economic history, the class developments and differences, and the absence of a modern revolution despite astonishing levels of income inequality. The Gini coefficient is produced by relating the wealth and income of the rich to those of the poor; a high rating means high inequality, while a low one means less inequality. According to this index, Sweden, Denmark and Holland are at the top while Britain is low down the table, along with the United States. The chapter briefly explains Charles Murray's terming of the poor as the underclass who were not subscribing to the values of society and indulging in crime and drugs. It also deals with regional differences in the British society owing to geography, gender and ethnicity.

in British politics today

Karl Polanyi (1886–1964) returned to public discourse in the 1990s, when the Soviet Union imploded and globalization erupted. Best known for The Great Transformation, Polanyi’s wide-ranging thought anticipated twenty-first-century civilizational challenges of ecological collapse, social disintegration and international conflict, and warned that the unbridled domination of market capitalism would engender nationalist protective counter-movements. In Karl Polanyi and Twenty-First-Century Capitalism, Radhika Desai and Kari Polanyi Levitt bring together prominent and new thinkers in the field to extend the boundaries of our understanding of Polanyi's life and work. Kari Polanyi Levitt's opening essay situates Polanyi in the past century shaped by Keynes and Hayek, and explores how and why his ideas may shape the twenty-first century. Her analysis of his Bennington Lectures, which pre-dated and anticipated The Great Transformation, demonstrates how Central European his thought and chief concerns were. The next several contributions clarify, for the first time in Polanyi scholarship, the meaning of money as a fictitious commodity. Other contributions resolve difficulties in understanding the building blocks of Polanyi's thought: fictitious commodities, the double movement, the United States' exceptional development, the reality of society and socialism as freedom in a complex society. The volume culminates in explorations of how Polanyi has influenced, and can be used to develop, ideas in a number of fields, whether income inequality, world-systems theory or comparative political economy. Contributors: Fred Block, Michael Brie, Radhika Desai, Michael Hudson, Hannes Lacher, Kari Polanyi Levitt, Chikako Nakayama, Jamie Peck, Abraham Rotstein, Margaret Somers, Claus Thomasberger, Oscar Ugarteche Galarza.

Abstract only
Debbie Palmer

conditions of service’, The Times (12 January 1946), 5.  2 Dale Report, appendix E, table A.  3 M. Gorsky, J. Mohan and M. Powell, ‘The financial health of voluntary hospitals in interwar Britain’, Economic History Review, 55:3 (2002), 533–57.  4 King Edward’s Hospital Fund for London, Memorandum on the Supervision of Nurses’ Health, p. 1  5 Ibid.  6 CRO, HC1/1/1/18, CLAVC minutes, 25 November 1918, p. 312.  7 Sandhurst Report, p. 318; RLH, LH/A/17/49, Report of the House Committee on the Allegations which Have Been Recently Made against the Nursing Department, 3

in Who cared for the carers?
Open Access (free)
George Campbell Gosling

Britain’, Economic History Review , 55:3 (2002), 533–57. 16 Consultative Council on Medical and Allied Services, ‘Interim Report on the Future Provision of Medical and Allied Services’ (London: Ministry of Health, 1920), p. 5. 17 For

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
The impact of the First World War on the 1918–19 influenza pandemic in Ulster
Patricia Marsh

–9. 36 Belfast News-Letter (11 June 1918), p. 3; Northern Whig (21 June 1918), p. 2; County Down Spectator (29 June 1918), p. 3. 37 J. Winter, ‘The impact of the First World War on civilian health in Britain’, Economic History Review , 30:3 (August 1977

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Peter Dorey

had fully utilised established procedures for resolving workplace conflicts and grievances. Thus emerged political concern about the incidence and impact of unofficial and unconstitutional strikes during the 1960s, which resulted in the 1965–68 Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers’ Associations, and the subsequent proposals of industrial relations legislation enshrined the 1969 White Paper In Place of Strife. Notes 1 Both relative to early periods of British economic history, and in comparison to the recent/current economic performance of other advanced

in Comrades in conflict
Abstract only
Phillipp R. Schofield

economic history in the early twentieth century, see P.R. Schofield, ‘British economic history, c.1880–c.1930’, in P. Lambert and P.R. Schofield, eds, Making history: an introduction to the history and practices of a discipline (London: Routledge, 2004), pp. 65–77. 9 R.H. Tawney, The agrarian problem in the sixteenth century (Oxford: Longmans, 1912). 10 H.L. Gray, ‘The commutation of villein services in England before the Black Death’, English Historical Review 116 (1914); T.W. Page, The end of villeinage in

in Peasants and historians
Abstract only
Dominic Bryan, S. J. Connolly, and John Nagle

the Formation of a Great Industrial City 1801–1921 (Dublin: Nonsuch, 2009), chaps 3, 5. For the wider background see F. M. L. Thompson, ‘Social control in Victorian Britain’, Economic History Review , 34:2 (1981), 189–208. 29 For a fuller discussion see S. J. Connolly, ‘Religion and society’, in Liam Kennedy and Philip Ollerenshaw (eds), Ulster since 1600: Politics, Economy and Society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 74–89. 30 Neal Garnham, Association Football and Society in Pre-Partition Ireland

in Civic identity and public space
Abstract only
Jamie Peck

being substantively to position economies in this variegated context. While Dale (2011) has traced the origins of the embeddedness concept to extended engagements with Thurnwald, Tönnies and Marx, Block (2001: xxiv) has ventured that ‘it seems plausible that Polanyi drew the metaphor from coal mining’, following his extensive work on British economic history during the 1930s. In this vein, Ilona Duczynska Polanyi would recall that ‘stronger than any intellectual influence was the trauma which was England’, and what would prove to be her husband’s auspicious encounter

in Karl Polanyi and twenty-first-century capitalism