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Politics, Pageantry and Colonialism

Royal tours of the 1800s and early 1900s, and since, have created much documentation, perhaps the most obvious record contained in newspapers and magazines, newsreels and then radio and television broadcasts. Tours expressed and promoted royal and imperial authority, though in some instances they revealed resistance against expansionist designs. The royal visitor was the central actor in a tour, but was surrounded by an entourage of other people and a store of paraphernalia that played essential roles. This book examines how presentation is managed when ambassadors are sent in place of the royal personage. Sultan Alauddin of Aceh mounted a royal tour by proxy in which he was embodied - and concealed - in his gifts and in the humbler persons of his placeholders. Prince Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Edinburgh, provided a template for later royal tours in three ways. First, he pioneered a new relationship with the Royal Navy as a training institution for British princes. Second, his lengthy visits paved the way for similarly ambitious global tours. Alfred's tours cultivated a range of trusted support staff. Imperial citizenship and even Britishness were embraced by non- English and non- British subjects of the queen. One young prince who was present in Britain at some of the most glittering events was Thakur Sahib Bhagvatsinh, a Rajput who ruled Gondal. The book also discusses Kaiser Wilhelm II's tour, King Sisowath and Emperor Khai Dinh's tour to France, the Portuguese crown prince's tour of Africa, and tours during Smuts's Raj.

The Ilbert Bill controversy, 1883–84

agreement or ‘concordat’ to get a modified bill passed on 25 January 1884, which undermined the original principle of the Ilbert Bill. Although the new Act accorded native magistrates criminal jurisdiction over European British subjects in the mofussils , the special legal status of European British subjects was preserved. The European British subjects in the mofussils won the right to demand trial

in Colonial masculinity
Cordoning off colonial spoils

my finger squarely on the Mother Country.5 At a time when Britain was an established empire, the British Nationality and Status of Aliens Act 1914 set out a broad definition of who was to be considered a British subject. This definition existed in order to maximise the reach of British colonial rule. Under the 1914 Act British subjecthood flowed from allegiance to the Crown.6 Subjecthood was acquired by birth within the Commonwealth, or by descent within one generation in the legitimate male line.7 Although allegiance to the Crown determined subject status, the

in (B)ordering Britain
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colonial law in consular hearings. In Tengyue, although there were no institutional connections to Burma, the efforts of consuls eventually resulted in Burmese officers exercising a type of transfrontier jurisdiction over British subjects who had committed crimes in China. Tengyue consuls also worked with Burmese officials to further colonial claims to land, people and resources in disputed areas of the Burma-China frontier. In both Kashgar and Tengyue districts, there was a legal and penal connection between consular jurisdiction in China and colonial jurisdiction in

in Law across imperial borders

headmen ( begs ) who were ‘between two worlds’ of Chinese imperial officials and the local population. 5 In this chapter, I not only highlight a similar mediation role of British aqsaqals , but also show how the consular organisation of aqsaqals reflected an important link to the Indian subcontinent. I turn next to examine the identity of British registered subjects. As Madhavi Thampi has explored, many British subjects migrated to the province from the three main trade routes through Badakhshan, Kashmir and Ladakh. 6 I take a closer look at the British community

in Law across imperial borders
Empire, Nation Redux

radical break. The impact of twentieth-century decolonisation, moreover, ended up giving an air of inevitability to the seemingly natural trajectory – from empire to nation-states -that has further contributed to the neglect of the break that was inaugurated by the Third British Empire. The interwar debates on the claims of British Indians as British subjects provide a window on the nature and consequences

in Writing imperial histories
Migration in the last gasp of empire

of holding on to the international power and prestige associated with Britain’s position at the centre of an empire. Unfortunately for those same policy-makers, however, this task became more difficult with the advent of independent migration to the United Kingdom from Britain’s colonial territories. Indeed, it was this migration of British subjects of colour, and the concurrent existence of three

in British culture and the end of empire
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Immigration law’s racial architecture

Chapter 2 Aliens: immigration law’s racial architecture The idea that there is a clear distinction between the status of British subject and that of alien performed a useful function for Britain as it sought to expand its territory and build the British Empire between the late sixteenth and early eighteenth centuries. The legal category of alien aided in the institutionalisation of a hierarchy of people and, accordingly, allowed for the differentiated apportionment of resources and entitlements. Aliens could be denied the rights that were granted to British

in (B)ordering Britain
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Colonial subjects and the appeal for imperial justice

increased local governance in the colonies of settlement and India; and the declining value of an ‘empire of free trade’ in a world where Britain’s unilateral dominance was threatened by the growing political, economic, and military potency of the United States and Germany. In response, imperial stakeholders sought to cement the importance of the empire to British subjects at home and abroad. The

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911

institutions and Indians in the United Kingdom. The institutional response to the presence of Indians on British soil revealed the tensions between ethnically based concepts of nationality and dynastic traditions of subjecthood which fitted together awkwardly in the context of the imperial metropole. Yet at the same time official attempts to define Indians as British subjects and fit

in ‘The better class’ of Indians