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The Radcliffe boundary commission and the partition of Punjab

This book is the first full-length study of the 1947 drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab. It uses the Radcliffe commission, headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe , as a window onto the decolonisation and independence of India and Pakistan. Examining the competing interests that influenced the actions of the various major players, the book highlights British efforts to maintain a grip on India even as the decolonisation process spun out of control. It examines the nature of power relationships within the colonial state, with a focus on the often-veiled exertion of British colonial power. With conflict between Hindus , Muslims and Sikhs reaching unprecedented levels in the mid-1940s , British leaders felt compelled to move towards decolonization. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. Radcliffe's use of administrative boundaries reinforced the impact of imperial rule. The boundaries that Radcliffe defined turned out to be restless divisions, and in both the 1965 and 1971 wars India and Pakistan battled over their Punjabi border. After the final boundary, known as the 'Radcliffe award', was announced, all sides complained that Radcliffe had not taken the right 'other factors' into account. Radcliffe's loyalty to British interests is key to understanding his work in 1947. Drawing on extensive archival research in India, Pakistan and Britain, combined with innovative use of cartographic sources, the book paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the Radcliffe line's impact on Punjab.

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Lucy P. Chester

colonial power. Specifically, I trace the reluctant cooperation of South Asian elites with British leaders in setting up the Radcliffe commission. The decisions made by these elites, operating under British pressure, in some cases ran counter to popular welfare. This work therefore seeks to add complexity to debates about the nature of colonial power and postcolonial legacies. Second, I contend that it was

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
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Archaeologists in Egypt
Kathleen L. Sheppard

work back in their home institutions. These activities not only reflected the ever-changing environment in which they took place, but they also shaped the way in which science was conducted in that relatively uncontrolled environment, and beyond. As the sites of such activities, Egyptian hotels, I argue, functioned as Egyptological think-tanks. Egyptology began and operated under the umbrella of a European colonial system, and for the time period in this book, specifically British colonial power. In that context, I analyse the influence of ephemeral hotel spaces in

in Tea on the terrace
With a New Introduction by Marcelo G. Kohen

The author of this book, Sir Robert Yewdall Jennings, was one of the most distinguished British specialists in the field of International Law of the last century. The book starts with the traditional analysis of the different 'modes' of acquisition of territorial sovereignty as developed in doctrine since the very beginning of the science of international law. One of the merits of the book is precisely that, instead of focusing exclusively on or absolutely disregarding them, an approach other authors had adopted, it harmonizes the traditional modes with other elements that may influence the determination of sovereignty and that were not taken into account in the past. The traditional five 'modes' of acquisition of territorial sovereignty described by doctrine were: (1) occupation (2) prescription (3) cession (4) accession or accretion and (5) subjugation or conquest. In order to encompass other elements coming into play in the analysis of the acquisition of territorial sovereignty, the book included references to two devices of use in any dispute about territory: intertemporal law and the critical date. To complete the picture, a separate chapter of the book considers the place of recognition, acquiescence and estoppel in the realm of acquisition of title to territorial sovereignty. The book also clarifies the scope of estoppel in the field. It cannot by itself constitute a root of title, but it can assist in its determination.

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Britain as the spoils of empire
Nadine El-Enany

justifying colonialism. I trace the line between the honing of processes of 12 EL-ENANY PRINT.indd 12 02/01/2020 13:38 Introduction categorisation in the colonial era and immigration law as a practice of racial ordering in modern Britain. I argue that British immigration law is a continuation of British colonial power as enacted in the former British Empire. The categorisation of people into those with and without rights of entry and stay sustains and reproduces colonial racial hierarchies. Contemporary immigration law thus maintains the global racial order established

in (B)ordering Britain
Andrew J. May

valley. David Scott was appointed Political Agent in 1823, and in 1829 became the first Commissioner of Revenue and Circuit of Assam. Headquartered at Guwahati, as ambassador to the Syiems , he acted for the Governor in representing British colonial power in the region. The effective role of the agent was as political advisor and diplomatic mediator, and he could also

in Welsh missionaries and British imperialism
Nadine El-Enany

colonial roots seriously in analysing law. I argue that British immigration law is a continuation of British colonial power as enacted in the former British Empire, an explicitly white supremacist project.2 The categorisation of people into those with and without rights of entry and stay sustains and reproduces colonial practices of racial ordering. People without a right of entry to Britain, predominantly the racialised poor, are barred from accessing colonial wealth as it manifests in Britain today. Whether or not those whose movement is hindered have ancestral or

in (B)ordering Britain
Florence D’Souza

languages for official purposes. Majeed states that James Mill was motivated by ideas of improvement and liberating change in his views on education in general, and on education in India in particular. 37 Besides, while parrying a too-extreme condemnation of Mill’s views on India, Christopher Bayly has underlined the fragile nature of the British colonial power in India, with its wide reliance on

in Knowledge, mediation and empire
R. Y. Jennings

, August 10, 2004. 3 Minquiers and Ecrehos (France/United Kingdom), Judgment of February 17, 1953, I.C.J. Reports (1953), p. 47. 4 Sovereignty over Certain Frontier Land (Belgium/Netherlands), Judgment of June 20, 1959, I.C.J. Reports (1959), p. 209. 5 Right of Passage over Indian Territory (Portugal v. India), Judgment of April 12, 1960, I.C.J. Reports (1960), p. 6. 1 2 4 JENNINGS 9781526117175 PRINT.indd 4 28/02/2017 14:54 New Introduction authorities and the conduct of both the British colonial power and the newly independent State of India. Finally, in the case

in The Acquisition of Territory in International Law
Racial issues in the Irish context
Sandrine Uwase Ndahiro

and seventeenth centuries. The presence of British colonial power in Ireland created a dichotomous relationship between ‘Irishness’ and ‘whiteness’. David Cairns and Shaun Richards place an emphasis on ‘the reality of the historic relationship of Ireland and England; a relationship of the colonised and the coloniser’. 9 This complex relationship had a

in Ireland, slavery and the Caribbean