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Alan Lester

primary focus, examining Australian colonial localities as products of broader networked relations in the same way that Driver and Gilbert’s volume examined urban metropolitan locations. 70 Proud-foot and Hall also add a more explicit place-based dimension to the Series’ impressive track record of ‘ethnicising’ British colonialism. 71 Seeing certain Scottish and Irish

in Writing imperial histories
Robert Aldrich

In the mountain kingdoms and other polities of the Himalayan region, colonial Britain pushed forward the frontiers of its Indian empire, played the ‘Great Game’ against Russia and jousted with China for trade opportunities and political influence. Through the 1800s and early 1900s, Britain imposed a protectorate over Sikkim, exercised considerable sway in independent Nepal, promoted the establishment of a unified Bhutan and sought to gain access to Tibet. Confrontations and negotiations with local monarchs were key to Britain’s efforts. When Britain ‘quit’ India, the destinies of the states where Britain had gained a sphere of influence, and the fate of their sovereigns, hung in the balance. This chapter charts the varying trajectories of the monarchs of Bhutan, Nepal and Sikkim (and of the Dalai Lama in Tibet) during the late colonial period, and argues that the fates of the dynasties, at that time, and during and after decolonisation, was closely bound up with British imperialist action and its legacy.

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia

This book is an analysis of the complex links between social relations—including notions of class, nationality and gender—and spatial relations, landscape, architecture and topography—in post-colonial contexts. Arguing against the psychoanalytic focus of much current post-colonial theory, it aims to set out in a new direction, drawing on a wide range of literary and non-literary texts to develop a more materialist approach. The book foregrounds gender in this field where it has often been marginalised by the critical orthodoxies, demonstrating its importance not only in spatial theorising in general, but in the post-colonial theorising of space in particular. Concentrating on the period of ‘high’ British colonialism at the close of the nineteenth century, it examines a range of colonial contexts, such as India, Africa, America, Canada, Australia and Britain, illustrating how relations must be analysed for the way in which different colonial contexts define and constitute each other.

Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action 1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

. Gritti , A. ( 2015 ), ‘ Building Aid Workers’ Resilience: Why a Gendered Approach Is Needed ’, Gender & Development , 23 : 3 , 449 – 62 . Han , E. and O’Mahoney , J. P. A. ( 2018 ), British Colonialism and the Criminalization of Homosexuality

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis
Luisa Enria
Sharon Abramowitz
Almudena-Mari Saez
, and
Sylvain Landry B. Faye

as predation, they turn to violent words or deeds as a means to be recognised. This has been well described with regards to youth politics in Conakry ( Philipps, 2013 ). The contested nature of traditional authority in Sierra Leone is similarly emblematic of state–society relations. British colonialism left behind a bifurcated state ( Mamdani, 1996 ), with despotic chieftaincies in the hinterlands and a central state without roots in society. The civil war

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

The book shows how people have come to approach the writing of imperial histories in the early twenty-first century. It explores the social and political contexts that informed the genesis and development of the Studies in Imperialism series, and the conceptual links it has sought to forge between empire and metropolitan culture. The book provides an insightful account of John MacKenzie's 'Orientalism': the problems of 'power' and 'agency'. The 'MacKenziean moment' needs to be read historically, as a product of the 'delayed arrival of decolonising sensibilities', where contemporary popular phenomena and new types of scholarship integrated Britain and its empire. Sexuality made early appearances in the Series through the publication of 'Empire and Sexuality'. MacKenzie's 'Empire of Nature', 'Imperialism and the Natural World', and 'Museums and Empire' convey the impact of his scholarship in the themes of exploration, environment and empire. The historical geographies of British colonialism have enjoyed a prominent place in the Series, and the book explores the ways in which different 'spatial imaginations' have been made possible. Discussions on colonial policing during the depression years, and on immigrant welfare during and after decolonisation, take their cue from MacKenzie's European Empires and the People. The later nineteenth century witnessed the interaction of many diasporas, which in turn produced new modes of communication. By dealing with the idea of the 'Third British Empire' and the role of the Indian press during and after the British Raj, the book repositions British imperial histories within a broader set of global transformations.

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Governance, surveillance and political culture in British Hong Kong, c. 1966–97

This book examines state–society relations in one of Britain’s last strategically important colonial dependencies, Hong Kong. Using under-exploited archival evidence, it explores how a reformist colonial administration investigated Chinese political culture, and how activism by social movements in Hong Kong impacted on policymaking. This book is framed around the organisational capacity of the colonial state to monitor public opinion, notably through the covert opinion polling exercises Town Talk and MOOD. Hong Kong people had extremely limited democratic rights but these exercises constructed ‘public opinion’, which was used by unelected officials to respond to public needs and to seek to minimise social conflict. There were two implications of this shift in colonial governance. On the one hand, Town Talk and MOOD provided the colonial government with the organisational capacity to conduct surveillance, monitoring the Chinese society closely: this was a manifestation of ‘covert colonialism’, a strategy to strengthen British control of Hong Kong. On the other hand, the presence of these exercises indicated that the mentality of the colonial bureaucrats was changing. This was an acknowledgment that Hong Kong, an atypical colony that was expected to retrocede to China rather than gain independence, was moving towards a new form of ‘decolonisation’. Significantly, covert colonialism allowed ordinary people to take part in the policymaking process in a state-controlled manner that would not provoke a hostile response from China. This effort by the colonial government to manage public opinion interacted in complex ways with a diverse variety of Chinese communities engaging with new political movements.

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Sara Mills

A place on a map … is also a locatable place in history. (Mohanty, 1991: 34) The aim of this book is to interrogate the process whereby spatial relations are constituted as gendered, raced and classed within the colonial and imperial context. I will be examining the way that certain forms of spatiality are institutionalised and normalised. My focus is principally on the period of ‘high’ British colonialism at the end of the nineteenth century. The reason for writing the book is not an archaeological exploration

in Gender and colonial space
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When ideas travel: political theory, colonialism, and the history of ideas
Burke A. Hendrix
Deborah Baumgold

accounting of the colonized’s agency. We focus on a range of case studies rather than seeking to be comprehensive. There are two chapters on the use of European ideas in nineteenth-​century India and one on an obverse case, the suspicious neglect by J. S. Mill of the work of the influential Indian thinker, Rammohun Roy. Other chapters on British colonialism discuss the highest court of appeal in the British Empire (the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council) as the embodiment of tension between universalism and colonial otherness and the impact of Western ideas on

in Colonial exchanges
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Anish Kapoor as British/Asian/artist
Alpesh Kantilal Patel

British, rather than Indian, and he did so without eliding their connection to British colonialism. Instead of his Indianness, Kapoor’s British Asianness was emphasized. For instance, McEvilley notes that Kapoor reworks modernism – ‘an ideology that incorporated India, and of course many other places, as fixtures of Empire’ – as a source ‘from which new expressions of cultural identity – British cultural identity! – might arise’.25 McEvilley adds that ‘the codes of the colonized and colonizing cultures’ in Kapoor’s artworks are blurred, creating a ‘utopian glimpse’ of

in Productive failure