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The Visual Politics and Narratives of Red Cross Museums in Europe and the United States, 1920s to 2010s
Sönke Kunkel

exhibit that it opened after headquarters had moved to Grosvenor Crescent in 2000. Today, it organizes alternating temporary exhibits that point to key moments in British Red Cross history or illuminate special aspects like the Black British experience within the movement. In (West) Germany, meanwhile, collectors in Pinneberg and Geislingen started out with showing small displays as early as the 1960s. In 1979, a traveling exhibit on Red Cross history opened in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only

From 1348 to 1350 Europe was devastated by an epidemic that left between a third and one half of the population dead. This book traces, through contemporary writings, the calamitous impact of the Black Death in Europe, with a particular emphasis on its spread across England from 1348 to 1349. It charts the social and psychological impact of the plague, and its effect on the late-medieval economy. Focusing on England, an exceptionally well documented region, the book then offers a wide range of evidence for the plague's variegated repercussions on the economy and, no less complex, on social and religious conduct. It is concerned with the British experience of plague in the fourteenth century. Students of intellectual history will find a wealth of pseudo-scientific explanations of the plague ranging from astrological conjunctions, through earthquakes releasing toxic vapours, to well poisoning by Jews. From narrative accounts, often of heartrending immediacy, the book further proceeds to a variety of contemporary responses, drawn from many parts of Christian Europe. It then explains contemporary claims that the plague had been caused by human agency. The book attempts to explain the plague, which was universally regarded as an expression of divine vengeance for the sins of humankind.

Timothy Noël Peacock

. The aspects examined also provide an alternative perspective on the established wider political science theory, and the experiences of minority governments internationally. This final chapter aims to look at the British experience of minority government after the 1970s. In this way, we may attempt to reconceptualise the place of Wilson and Callaghan’s Minority Governments against the broader backdrop of recent British political history up to and including the aftermath of the general election of June 2017. 1979 to 2017 The year 2017 marked the formation of the first

in The British tradition of minority government
Andrekos Varnava

various authorities involved. Soon after establishing themselves in Salonica, the British, realising the harsh conditions, especially the terrain, turned to procuring Cypriot mules and enlisting Cypriots to drive them. In the absence of a document that discloses why Cypriot mules and drivers were chosen, this chapter suggests prior British experiences. By integrating the local with the global, this chapter

in Serving the empire in the Great War
Breandan Gregory

British India as spectacle India was unique in the British experience of Empire, not just because of the scale of the enterprise or the importance of India to the British economy but also because the British consciously felt that they were inheriting an imperial mantle. Although British administrators in the nineteenth century followed Mill

in Acts of supremacy
Bryan Fanning

self-employment, types of employment, occupational status, educational attainment and levels of home ownership. Particularly vulnerable cohorts were identified within some communities on the basis of age and gender. The British experience indicates that racism, discrimination and other barriers to integration are experienced differently and with different consequences by different groups. This can be translated, in the Irish case, into a hypothesis that Chinese, Polish, Lithuanian or Nigerian immigrants will experience different opportunities for and barriers to

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland
Emergency nursing in the Indian Mutiny
Sam Goodman

part of the central narrative of British India and remained so until the end of the Raj in 1947, and, in many cases, beyond it.3 18 Lady amateurs and gentleman professionals Examining how and why the Indian Mutiny remained in the British consciousness in this fashion involves the consideration of a medium perennially associated with the British experience in India, as well as the wider Empire, namely that of the diary or journal. Originating in its recognisable modern form in the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century, a period contemporaneous with the

in Colonial caring
Tim William Machan

expedient, and I do not mean to say that in the case of medieval Scandinavia it necessarily and always was. By refashioning, rather, I mean the larger theoretical issues that Ricœur raises: ‘who is remembering’ and ‘what is being remembered’. These questions could be described as the two axes against which any recollection is constructed, and in the imagining of Scandinavia it was their intersection that fashioned a medieval memory. Focused on the historical relations between English and the Nordic languages and on the relevance of Nordic literature to British

in Northern memories and the English Middle Ages
Michael Robinson

inactivity of ex-service associations re-emerged with no dissent from Irish departments. Many ex-service bodies in Ireland appeared unaware of the difference in policy. 165 Not for the first time, the Ministry enabled the continuation of ignorance of differences between the Irish and British experience of institutionalisation. From September 1922, an estimated sixty men in Northern Irish mental hospitals were thus stripped of their classification as Service Patients and its associated upkeep. Their maintenance came at an

in Shell-shocked British Army veterans in Ireland, 1918–39
How and why governments pass laws that threaten their power

Why do governments pass freedom of information laws? The symbolic power and force surrounding FOI makes it appealing as an electoral promise but hard to disengage from once in power. However, behind closed doors compromises and manoeuvres ensure that bold policies are seriously weakened before they reach the statute book.

The politics of freedom of information examines how Tony Blair's government proposed a radical FOI law only to back down in fear of what it would do. But FOI survived, in part due to the government's reluctance to be seen to reject a law that spoke of 'freedom', 'information' and 'rights'. After comparing the British experience with the difficult development of FOI in Australia, India and the United States – and the rather different cases of Ireland and New Zealand – the book concludes by looking at how the disruptive, dynamic and democratic effects of FOI laws continue to cause controversy once in operation.