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For women writers, the decades of the English Civil War were of special importance. This book presents a complex and rewarding poetic culture that is both uniquely women-centred and integrally connected to the male canonical poetry. It brings together extensive selections of poetry by the five most prolific and prominent women poets of the English Civil War: Anne Bradstreet, Hester Pulter, Margaret Cavendish, Katherine Philips, and Lucy Hutchinson. All these five women were attracting new and concerted attention as poets by seventeenth-century women. Bradstreet's poems first appeared in The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America, and the later volume of Several Poemsincluded revised texts of those poems and several new ones. Each version of the poems spoke more directly on the context of the English Civil War. Pulter's poems construe Broadfield as a place of unwelcome isolation: she describes herself as 'shut up in a country grange', 'tied to one habitation', and 'buried, thus, alive'. Philips's poetry was first printed in 1664, her state-political poems, on members of the royal family and events of the Civil War, Interregnum, and Restoration, suggest Philips as a poet writing on matters of political significance. Cavendish's two major editions of Poems and Fancies in 1653 and 1664 each have strongly competing claims both to textual authority and to the more resonant political moment. Across poetry and prose, print and manuscript, Hutchinson's writing bears the marks of her fervent hostility to corrupt rulers and her remarkably broad education, adventurous reading habits, and energetic intellect.

Sarah C.E. Ross and Elizabeth Scott-Baumann

apparently married at an early age, around thirteen, to Arthur Pulter, a Cambridge-educated man, and she moved to the Pulter estate of Broadfield in Hertfordshire at some point before the birth of their daughter Jane in 1625. Jane was the first of at least fifteen children born to the couple, only one of whom outlived Pulter, although a number of children lived into adulthood. Pulter’s manuscript volume includes poems written to her daughters Margaret, Penelope, and Anne; a melancholic poem on her pregnancy with John, her fifteenth child, in 1648; and elegies on the death

in Women poets of the English Civil War
Laura Jeffery

40,000 people (Gwynne 1990: 155, 161–171), but Crawley’s population has grown steadily from 10,000 in 1951 to almost 100,000 in the 2001 census. At the time of my fieldwork, the extended Chagossian community in Crawley probably comprised around one thousand people – that is, 1 per cent of the town’s population. Crawley’s thirteen residential neighbourhoods – Bewbush, Broadfield, Furnace Green, Ifield, Gossops Green, Langley Green, Maidenbower, Northgate, Echoes of marginalisation in Crawley 101 Pound Hill, Southgate, Three Bridges, Tilgate, and West Green – were

in Chagos islanders in Mauritius and the UK
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Sarah C.E. Ross and Elizabeth Scott-Baumann

. Her father, Sir James Ley, was Chief Justice of the King’s Bench in Ireland, and went on to become Lord Chief Justice and Lord High Treasurer of England; he was himself a writer, and is described by Milton as ‘that old man eloquent’ in a sonnet written to Pulter’s sister Lady Margaret Ley in the 1640s. Pulter repeatedly describes her writing context, at the country estate of Broadfield, Hertfordshire, in the 1640s and 1650s, as one of isolation, insisting that she is ‘shut up in a country grange’ and ‘tied to one habitation’. It is clear that Broadfield was a site

in Women poets of the English Civil War
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Noses on sale
Emily Cock

unique contribution of Lady Hester Pulter, who returns us now firmly to the nose. Giving noses: Hester Pulter Before Butler's account of the purchased buttocks irreparably hijacked the Taliacotian narrative, one amateur female writer used her understanding of rhinoplasty and the power of the gift to construct a remarkable political poem. Pulter ( c. 1605–1678) was born in Dublin, the daughter of Sir James Ley (1550–1629; later first Earl of Marlborough) and his first wife Mary (née Petty). 64 She spent most of her life at Broadfield in Hertfordshire after marrying

in Rhinoplasty and the nose in early modern British medicine and culture