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Open Access (free)
Nazima Kadir

achieves through a lengthy process of practices, actions, and lifestyle performances that must then be evaluated by the squatters movement as authentic. Achieving the status of authentic squatter requires, first, the ability to demonstrate a complicated mix of functional skills and activist performances with a sense of naturalness and ease – which I term squatter capital. The second characteristic of authenticity is how a squatter defines themselves, in hostile opposition, to a series of imagined Others

in The autonomous life?
Critical post-Soviet Marxist reflections

The starting-point for the book is its chapter on methodology. Found here are not only critiques of conventional Soviet Marxism-Leninism and post-modernism, but also a new rethinking of the classic dialectic. For the most part, however, the book focuses on revealing the new quality now assumed by commodities, money, and capital within the global economy. The market has become not only global, but a totalitarian force that is not a ‘socially neutral mechanism of coordination’. It is now a product of the hegemony of corporate capital, featuring the growth of new types of commodity: information, simulacra, and so forth. The book demonstrates the new qualities acquired by value, use value, price, and commodity fetishism within this new market, while exploring the contradictions of non-limited resources (such as knowledge) and the commodity form of their existence.

Money is now a virtual product of fictitious financial capital, possessing a new nature, contradictions, and functions. This analysis of the new nature of money helps to reveal the essence of so-called financialisation.

Capital has become the result of a complex system of exploitation. In the twenty-first-century context this exploitation includes the ‘classic’ extraction of surplus value from industrial workers combined with internal corporate redistribution of income by ‘insiders’; international exploitation; and the exploitation of creative labour through the expropriation of intellectual rent.

Scotland, Ireland, Wales and British imperialism in Asia, c.1690–c.1820

The book is a comparative analysis of Scotland, Ireland and Wales’s participation in the English East India Company between c.1690 and c.1820. It explains the increasing involvement of individuals and networks from these societies in the London-based corporation which controlled contact between the early modern British and Irish Isles and one hemisphere of world trade. Scottish, Irish, and Welsh evidence is used to consider wider questions on the origins, nature and consequences of the early modern phase of globalisation, sometimes referred to as ‘proto-globalisation’. The book contributes to such debates by analysing how these supposedly ‘poorer’ regions of Europe relied on migration as an investment strategy to profit from empire in Asia. Using social network theory and concepts of human capital it examines why the Scots, Irish and Welsh developed markedly different profiles in the Company’s service. Chapters on the administrative elite, army officers and soldiers, the medical corps and private traders demonstrate consistent Scottish over-representation, uneven Irish involvement and consistent Welsh under-representation. Taken together they explore a previously underappreciated cycle of human capital that involved departure to Asia, the creation of colonial profits, and the return back of people and their fortunes to Britain and Ireland. By reconceptualising the origins and the consequences of involvement in the Company, the study will be of interest to historians of early modern Scotland, Ireland, Wales and Britain, the East India Company and the early phases of British imperialism in Asia.

Open Access (free)
Fifth Estate’s critique of the megamachine
Steve Millett

4 Steve Millett Technology is capital: Fifth Estate’s critique of the megamachine Introduction ‘How do we begin to discuss something as immense as technology?’, writes T. Fulano at the beginning of his essay ‘Against the megamachine’ (1981a: 4). Indeed, the degree to which the technological apparatus penetrates all elements of contemporary society does make such an undertaking a daunting one. Nevertheless, it is an undertaking that the US journal and collective Fifth Estate has attempted. In so doing, it has developed arguably the most sophisticated and

in Changing anarchism
Karl Marx, Evald Ilyenkov, and the dialectics of the twenty-first century
Aleksander Buzgalin
and
Andrey Kolganov

As we noted in the Foreword to the English Edition, the best proof of the correctness of Marxism has to be its ability to answer the challenges of the modern epoch. 1 What have Marxists achieved in the past half-century in the quest for a new Capital , and what have they not achieved? What needs to be done if such a work is to emerge? While positivism and postmodernism, which do not even recognise the challenge of developing Marxism, have dominated the modern social

in Twenty-first-century capital
Sam King

Far from signifying ‘free trade’ or removal of all international barriers, the neoliberal period was characterised by only relative trade freedom and open capital markets compared with other periods of monopoly capitalism. Nevertheless, the policy reveals, among other things, the high degree of economic power enjoyed by the imperialist states collectively and the domination

in Imperialism and the development myth
Dana M. Williams

7 Social capital in anarchist movements Those who build walls are their own prisoners. I’m going to go fulfill my proper function in the social organism. I’m going to go unbuild walls. (Ursula K. Le Guin, The Dispossessed) Social capital and Bourdieu “Anarchists of the world … unite!” This tongue-in-cheek joke reflects the commonly held belief that anarchists do not work well with others. Most people assume that anarchists are extreme individualists, unwilling to compromise, or collaborate in groups (i.e., every person is “an island,” completely independent of

in Black flags and social movements
Sam King

the core capitalist countries]’. 2 However, it was not ‘the economic system’ that resisted downward movement of prices. Rather, the new monopolies themselves resisted downward pressure on the prices of the commodities they produced. For non-monopoly capital, downward pressure on the prices of their produce remained, and still remains. That pressure, which reflects their non

in Imperialism and the development myth
Lady Anna Miller and Hester Lynch Piozzi
Emma Gleadhill

The Grand Tour acted as a catalyst for change for returned women travellers. Some became prominent patrons of the arts, others renovated or rebuilt their family houses in the years following their Tours. Some women flawlessly fulfilled the social positions they had left behind, while others gained a promotion to a higher social group on their return from Italy. Harnessing the cultural capital of a masculinised institution, however, did not come without its obstacles. In this chapter I analyse how two women used their travel collections to

in Taking travel home
Shareholders and directors
Andrew Mackillop

as financial extensions of London. 2 Besides this skewed temporal coverage there is the question of how the capital’s links with its own domestic provinces are best characterised. Understanding Scottish, Irish and Welsh society’s interaction with the gentlemanly capitalist economy remains a work in progress and has implications for more than just the national histories of the three countries. 3 The changing basis of Britain’s expansion, for example, can be considered in a different light. How England’s empire evolved as a consequence of greater metropolitan

in Human capital and empire