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Early exploration in the public history of Aotearoa New Zealand and Australia
Nicholas Thomas

In both Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand, Captain Cook has loomed large in public history: his visits have been understood as foundational moments, as marking the true beginnings of the histories of each nation. His voyages are extensively marked through monuments and place names; they are celebrated in a plethora of popular historical works, poems, plays, films, texts for children and souvenir objects,· his landings have been, and continue to be, frequently re-enacted. Their commemoration has sometimes been subject to

in Rethinking settler colonialism
Martial identities and the subject of conquest in Derricke’s Image of Irelande
Maryclaire Moroney

demobilisation of troops, contributed to and prolonged the conflicts endemic in the period. 6 Frequently short of supplies and behind in pay, English forces in Ireland were ‘notoriously ill-disciplined and prone to desertion’. 7 Equally notorious were the English captains, supported by government officials (including Sidney) in the expectation that they would maintain some level of order at the least cost to the Crown; officers were permitted to cheat their troops of food, pay, and equipment, and to extort funds from

in John Derricke’s The Image of Irelande: with a Discoverie of Woodkarne
Don Leggett

4 The Captain catastrophe and the politics of authority The government of England has been making a large experiment, in which the whole English people take a profound interest, personal as well as national. That experiment has just concluded with a result absolute, decided, and overwhelming. The object of the experiment is therefore obtained: it has settled all the questions it was to decide – one way. The experiment has cost at the least £350,000, and some 500 human lives. That is no doubt an experiment on a sufficiently grand scale to warrant the deep

in Shaping the Royal Navy
Milton and the Restoration
Warren Chernaik

245 Chapter 12 Choosing a captain back for Egypt: Milton and the Restoration Warren Chernaik Introduction J ohn Milton viewed the prospect of the Restoration with dread. In The Readie and Easie Way to Establish a Free Commonwealth, written in 1660 when the re-​establishment of monarchical government had become inevitable, he warned against ‘the precipice of destruction’ towards which ‘a misguided and abus’d multitude’ seemed to be rushing: Can the folly be paralleld, to adore and be slaves of a single person for doing that which it is ten thousand to one

in From Republic to Restoration
Richard Wragg

In 1805 Susannah Middleton travelled with her husband, Captain Robert Middleton, to Gibraltar where he was to run the naval dockyard. Abroad for the first time, Susannah maintained a regular correspondence with her sister in England. Casting light on a collection of letters yet to be fully published, the paper gives an account of Susannah‘s experiences as described to her sister. Consideration is given to Susannah‘s position as the wife of a naval officer and her own view of the role she had to play in her husband‘s success. Written at a time when an officers wife could greatly improve his hopes for advancement through the judicious use of social skills, the Middleton letters provide evidence of an often overlooked aspect of the workings of the Royal Navy.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

migrants there. For most migrants rescued in the Central Mediterranean, the port closest to the point of rescue lies in Libya or Tunisia. However, when Libya offered to let the Sea-Watch 3 disembark its passengers at a Libyan port, the German ship’s captain Carola Rackete rejected that option with the argument that migrants are exposed to torture, rape, forced labour and extortion in Libya. 7 She also rejected suggestions that she head to Tunisia, because that country has no refugee determination process and, in any case, it had by then also closed its ports to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Exploring Nineteenth-Century Polar Gothic Space
Katherine Bowers

This article considers a unified polar Gothic as a way of examining texts set in Arctic and Antarctic space. Through analysis of Coleridge‘s The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Shelleys Frankenstein, and Poe‘s The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket , the author creates a framework for understanding polar Gothic, which includes liminal space, the supernatural, the Gothic sublime, ghosts and apparitions, and imperial Gothic anxieties about the degradation of civilisation. Analysing Verne‘s scientific-adventure novel The Adventures of Captain Hatteras (1866) with this framework, the author contextualises the continued public interest in the lost Franklin expedition and reflects on nineteenth-century polar Gothic anxieties in the present day. Polar space creates an uncanny potential for seeing ones own self and examining what lies beneath the surface of ones own rational mind.

Gothic Studies
Sean Healy
Victoria Russell

smugglers, and that the incident was evidence of ‘smuggling migrants directly on an NGO maritime vessel’. Meanwhile, when sought for his side of the story, the captain of the Minden claimed that the boat appeared to be ‘engine fishers’, locals who often appear around rescues to salvage the engines from stranded vessels ( Campbell, 2017 ). Two other accusations originated from a right-wing anti-immigrant foundation in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

rewarded with record approval ratings. In Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, a captain of the Army Reserve, was recently elected president; he publicly pays homage to former military dictators and torturers, and his talk of gunning down opponents has provided licence for the spread of political violence. The election of Donald Trump in the US, in November 2016, was a watershed for electoral politics, giving global significance to rightward shifts elsewhere. With Trump in the White House, the US itself has become the greatest threat to the liberal order it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

Europe, he was photographing activities of the Bureau des Refugiées et Relief , the Bureau des Mutilés , and the Children’s Bureau in and around Paris. Given the rank of Captain, Hine was afforded many liberties in his choice of photographic subject matter that his civilian photographer counterparts did not ( Kaplan, 1988 : 65). Still under the restrictions of the military censors, Hine was guided in his photographic subject matter by the fact that he was employed by the ARC. 6 The Library of Congress holds the bulk of Hine’s European photographs, which are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs