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Religion and power in the Frankish Kingdoms: studies in honour of Mayke de Jong

This book, written in honour of Mayke De Jong, offers twenty-five essays focused upon the importance of religion to Frankish politics. It deals with religious discourse and political polemic in studies that take up the themes of identity, and the creative deployment of the language of the Old Testament within Frankish society. The book explores how the use of ethnic rhetoric in a Christian context shaped medieval perceptions of community. It shows that the Carolingian way of dealing with the Adoptionist challenge was to allow a conversation between the Spanish bishops and their Frankish opponents to take place. Charlemagne's role in the Vita Alcuini as a guardian of orthodoxy who sought to settle a controversy by organising and supervising a theological debate was striking. The book also discusses the admonition of an abbot of Frankish origin who came from southern France and made his monastic career in southern Italy. It showcases three letter manuscripts that share certain features but are different in other aspects. The first manuscript is a collection of the Moral Letters from Seneca to his pupil Lucilius , Paris , BnF, lat. 8658A. The book demonstrates that the lists of amici, viventes et defuncti reflected how the royal monastery was interacting with ruling elites, at different levels, and how such interactions were an essential part of its identity. It also examines the context of Monte Cassino's fading into the background, in the conviction that both political and religious concerns were at play.

Dealing with the Adoptionist controversy at the court of Charlemagne
Rutger Kramer

core of this chapter. Firstly, it will show that the Carolingian way of dealing with the Adoptionist challenge was not simply to enforce their version of orthodoxy, but instead to allow a conversation between the Spanish bishops and their Frankish opponents to take place.10 Holding such a debate would have invoked a plethora of models and images provided by history, ranging from the Council of Nicaea to the more recent experiences in Visigothic Spain – and given the direct involvement of a ruler in all this, a notional link to the legacy of Constantine, problematic

in Religious Franks
Albrecht Diem

prestige of the Regula Benedicti, but it shows also an awareness that its content (and maybe its language) needed to be explained and interpreted rather than just applied as a norm to be followed. The most important product of the endeavour to discuss and explain the Regula Benedicti are commentaries – a new genre that emerged in the context of Carolingian monastic reforms efforts. The common pre-Carolingian way of engaging critically with existing monastic rules was to write new ones that excerpted, supplemented, combined or rephrased the older texts in order to adjust

in Religious Franks
The making and unmaking of an early medieval relic
Julia M. H. Smith

Lord’s hose’. Thanks to the imagination of a cleric struggling to explain a prestigious, unusual textile relic but familiar with the custom of keeping children’s legs warm by clothing them in leggings, these sock-relics had an ephemeral career that never took root. The ‘sandals of Christ’, on the other hand, were a product of a Carolingian way of reading the Bible and interpreting the world through its lens. But as techniques of biblical interpretation changed, so too did their plausibility as relics, and an identification that the Carolingians had accepted came

in Religious Franks