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The Protestant Orphan Society became a social bridge that linked together throughout the Church of Ireland the humble poor and the wealthy and the great. This book examines the work of the Protestant Orphan Society in Dublin (DPOS) against the background of over a century of political, religious and social upheaval from Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, social reforms to Independence. It first identifies the founders and supporters of the DPOS and their motivation for doing so. It asks why the Church of Ireland invested in the children of the church at this time. The book then analyses the Society's development, the grounds for support of private versus public poor relief for Protestant widows and children and stresses the crucial role that women played in the Societies' work. It examines the child welfare system implemented by the DPOS, and the extent to which its policies were forward thinking and child and family centred. The opposing views of the extensive social service carried out by PO Societies and the meaning of the charity for the Church of Ireland laity, particularly women, are explored. The book further examines applicant profiles, widows' reduced circumstances and health, attitudes to children's health, and bereavement and the attendant emotional effects. Using individual case histories the chapter examines applicant case histories which include Sean O'Casey's sister.

4 Paul Cullen’s devotional revolution Paul Cullen (1803–73) was perhaps as important a maker of modern Ireland as Daniel O’Connell and in the decades after O’Connell’s death, when parliamentary nationalism languished in the doldrums, he was Ireland’s most important Catholic leader. O’Connell built a polity out of a peasantry mobilised parish by parish and achieved Catholic emancipation. Cullen arrived on the Irish scene almost two decades later, loosened the link between the Church and nationalist politics and left as his legacy a near-century of Catholic power

in Irish adventures in nation-building

journalism became a profession 23 ideological, influenced how journalism developed as a professional practice in Ireland at a time of seismic change. The nineteenth century opened with the Act of Union, followed by a series of major, often dramatic political and economic developments: Catholic Emancipation which allowed Catholics to take their seats at Westminster; the Repeal movement which sought the restoration of a local parliament in Dublin; the Famine of the 1840s; the Land War; the rise of both militant and constitutional nationalism; the political debates

in Irish journalism before independence

4035 The debate.qxd:- 9/12/13 08:36 Page 67 3 Historians and contemporary politics, 1780–1850 Introduction In the early nineteenth century, the history of the Reformation was written against the background of the debate about Roman Catholic emancipation which culminated in the passing of the Emancipation Act in 1829. Catholics constituted a tiny minority within England and Scotland – there were perhaps 60,000 in England and half that number in Scotland in 1780. This minority was led by a number of ancient and prominent Catholic peers. According to Cobbett

in The Debate on the English Reformation
The public life and political opinions of the 3rd Earl of Rosse

Catholic. Rosse’s early years in parliament also coincided with one of the most volatile periods in Irish political life, that is, the period leading up to the Scaife 2000, 14. 1 Mollan, William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse double column foonotes.indd 122 08/05/2014 10:39:32 The public life and political opinions of the 3rd Earl of Rosse 123 introduction of Catholic Emancipation in 1829. Those years saw a rising Catholic militancy in the country, a militancy which was, perhaps, best exemplified by the formation of the Catholic Association in 1823. These years also

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
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preserve the health, morals, respectability and religion of Protestant orphans, the rising Protestant generation. This study examines the pioneering work and social service legacy of the DPOS, one of the most significant Protestant charities in nineteenthcentury Ireland, against the background of over a century of political, religious and social upheaval from Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, social reforms to Independence. While the Society’s work pertains to the broader discourse on religious rivalry which merits attention, this study is intended primarily as an

in The Protestant Orphan Society and its social significance in Ireland, 1828–1940

18 Identity and political fragmentation in independent Ireland, 1923–83 Louise Fuller The centrality of Catholicism to Irish identity in the post-independence era has to be understood against the background of nineteenth and early twentieth century Irish history. The mobilisation of bishops, priests and Catholic laity by Daniel O’Connell from the early nineteenth century led to Catholic emancipation and from that time the Catholic community was increasingly politicised. A chief priority for the bishops throughout the nineteenth century was the securing of

in Irish Catholic identities

those injured by yeomanry and police. One estimate is that at least 22% of the casualties had Irish names, a proportion well above the likely Irish percentage in the population at large.12 Amongst those casualties with Irish names Owen McCabe of 9 Old Mount Street in Angel Meadow is described thus: ‘A dreadful wound on the hip, trampled on, walks on crutches ever since, a poor (?) man’, and Mary McKenna of nearby Nicholas Street as ‘An interesting girl, much bruised in the back part of the head by being trampled on’.13 Catholic emancipation Both the campaign for

in The Irish in Manchester c. 1750–1921
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James Woulfe Flanagan

conspiracy which reached all the way to Parnell and his colleagues in the House of Commons; and he was about to become a pioneer in The Times’s last great assault on Irish politicians. The Times’s first notable entanglement with the Irish issue came in the mid-nineteenth century as Daniel O’ Connell, strengthened after winning Catholic Emancipation in 1829 pushed ahead to repeal the Act of Union. O’Connell’s mass mobilisation of Irish Catholics, assisted by the clergy, was regarded by the newspaper as vulgar demagoguery; his attempted alliance with English republican

in Irish journalism before independence
Coping with change

structural change and in light of increasing levels of Irish migration, the period between 1830 and 1860 saw increased church development in Scotland’s two main centres, Edinburgh and Glasgow. This chapter will show how developments such as Catholic emancipation, reform, and the rise of evangelicalism and liberalism forced Catholic authorities and the state to reconsider Catholicism’s position within society. This reappraisal would result in a complete transformation of the church’s existing infrastructure and change the way in which it absorbed the influence of

in Creating a Scottish Church