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What rough beast?
Series: Irish Society

This book explores the issue of a collective representation of Ireland after the sudden death of the 'Celtic Tiger' and introduces the aesthetic idea that runs throughout. The focus is on the idea articulated by W. B. Yeats in his famous poem 'The Second Coming'. The book also explores the symbolic order and imaginative structure, the meanings and values associated with house and home, the haunted houses of Ireland's 'ghost estates' and the fiscal and moral foundations of the collective household. It examines the sophisticated financial instruments derived from mortgage-backed securities that were a lynchpin of global financialization and the epicentre of the crash, the question of the fiscal and moral foundations of the collective household of Europe. A story about fundamental values and principles of fairness and justice is discussed, in particular, the contemporary conflict that reiterates the ancient Irish mythic story of the Tain. The book suggests correspondences between Plato's Republic and the Irish republic in the deformations and devolution of democracy into tyranny. It traces a red thread from the predicament of the ancient Athenians to contemporary Ireland in terms of the need to govern pleonexia, appetites without limits. The political and economic policies and practices of Irish development, the designation of Ireland's 'tax free zones', are also discussed. Finally, the ideal type of person who has been emerging under the auspices of the neoliberal revolution is imagined.

The immigrant in contemporary Irish literature

Literary Visions of Multicultural Ireland is the first full-length monograph in the market to address the impact that Celtic-Tiger immigration has exerted on the poetry, drama and fiction of contemporary Irish writers. The book opens with a lively, challenging preface by Prof. Declan Kiberd and is followed by 18 essays by leading and prestigious scholars in the field of Irish studies from both sides of the Atlantic who address, in pioneering, differing and thus enriching ways, the emerging multiethnic character of Irish literature. Key areas of discussion are: What does it mean to be ‘multicultural,’ and what are the implications of this condition for contemporary Irish writers? How has literature in Ireland responded to inward migration? Have Irish writers reflected in their work (either explicitly or implicitly) the existence of migrant communities in Ireland? If so, are elements of Irish traditional culture and community maintained or transformed? What is the social and political efficacy of these intercultural artistic visions? While these issues have received sustained academic attention in literary contexts with longer traditions of migration, they have yet to be extensively addressed in Ireland today. The collection will thus be of interest to students and academics of contemporary literature as well as the general reader willing to learn more about Ireland and Irish culture. Overall, this book will become most useful to scholars working in Irish studies, contemporary Irish literature, multiculturalism, migration, globalisation and transculturality. Writers discussed include Hugo Hamilton, Roddy Doyle, Colum McCann, Éilís Ní Dhuibhne, Dermot Bolger, Chris Binchy, Michael O'Loughlin, Emer Martin, and Kate O'Riordan, amongst others.

Kieran Keohane and Carmen Kuhling

of life that was centred around the communal hearth, the sacred space of the home, the household economy of familial communism ruled by the goddess Hestia as the maternal archetype, constituted and reproduced through the gift relation. Her power has waned. Her fire has been quenched, her pot has gone, and now instead of the fireplace we have an empty place, the free space of the marketplace, ruled by Hermes (Gr.) Mercury (Rm). Hermes is a Trickster archetype, the youthful, homeless, wheeling-dealing deity of the market, sophistry and thievery. Celtic Tiger Ireland

in The domestic, moral and political economies of post-Celtic Tiger Ireland
Food and wine as cultural signifiers
Brian Murphy

-­star restaurants for the first time between 2001 and 2005. All of these elements point to the emergence of an Irish gastronomic cultural field and a new-­found emphasis on cultural, and indeed social, capital. Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson (2001) uses Bourdieusian field theory to argue that gastronomy first became a cultural field in nineteenth-­century France. Although Parkhurst Ferguson later argues the uniqueness of France in this regard, it can be posited that Celtic Tiger Ireland, in at least some ways, mirrored this development between the early 1990s and the present day

in From prosperity to austerity
Tara, the M3 and the Celtic Tiger
Conor Newman

historical integrity. 1 Tara is such a place. On 25 August 2003 An Bórd Pleanála gave the go-ahead for the M3 motorway to be built along the Gabhra Valley through the Tara landscape. The circumstances and controversy of this decision have since become emblematic of the loss of compass that characterised ‘Celtic TigerIreland; its corporate recklessness, Three Monkeys regulation – blind, deaf and mute – cheerleader-style economic and spatial policy, and, above all, cultural amnesia. Money became king and nouveau-riche profligacy became the public face of

in Defining events
Theatre as critic and conscience of Celtic Tiger Ireland
Vic Merriman

13 ‘Holes in the ground’: theatre as critic and conscience of Celtic Tiger Ireland Vic Merriman Article 43.1 The State acknowledges that man, in virtue of his rational being, has the natural right, antecedent to positive law, to the private ownership of external goods. Article 43.2 The State accordingly guarantees to pass no law attempting to abolish the right of private ownership or the general right to transfer, bequeath, and inherit property. (Bunreacht na h-­Éireann / The Constitution of Ireland, 2002, p. 166) Every productivist society probably counts

in From prosperity to austerity
Abstract only
Worklife pathways in a boom-to-bust economy
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek, and Justyna Salamońska

Ireland by the end of our study, this was only in part linked to deteriorating labour market conditions. Many stayed, for the moment at least, and tried to adapt to work and life in ‘post-Celtic TigerIreland. What became apparent was that the recession was all but one factor in influencing the future mobility strategies of Polish migrants. Notes 1 Seven of our twenty-two participants owned properties in Poland, though none in Ireland. Interestingly, some bought these apartments with the help of their parents while living in Ireland, mainly as a personal investment for

in New mobilities in Europe
Kieran Keohane and Carmen Kuhling

underwriting of their losses by taxpayers; provision of infrastructure, public services, defence and security to shore up and protect their private interests. Ireland and the new barbarism Throughout the years of the Celtic Tiger, Ireland, like Judea, was one of the EU’s non-committal provinces. St. Patrick came to Ireland as booty, abducted like the Sabine women in a slave raid to Hadrian’s England by Irish barbarians. The Romans had come to Ireland several times, but thought it not worth the trouble of conquest. Patricus escaped, returned and through Christianity he

in The domestic, moral and political economies of post-Celtic Tiger Ireland
Gerry Smyth

pathos of the narrative: young lovers dreaming and singing (real or metaphorical) songs. With the disappearance of her dreams along with her husband, however, the character of Mary is left with no songs to sing other than the lament that is ‘The Fields of Athenry’. As pointed out above, all this seems a long way removed from Celtic Tiger Ireland and its fetishization of success in the forms of acquisition and conspicuous consumption. The question is: how did this very traditional ballad come to occupy the role it does in contemporary Irish popular culture at this

in From prosperity to austerity
A socio-cultural critique of the Celtic Tiger and its aftermath

This book examines the phenomenon of the rise and fall of the Irish Celtic Tiger from a cultural perspective. It looks at Ireland's regression from prosperity to austerity in terms of a society as opposed to just an economy. Using literary and cultural theory, it looks at how this period was influenced by, and in its turn influenced, areas such as religion, popular culture, politics, literature, photography, gastronomy, music, theatre, poetry and film. It seeks to provide some answers as to what exactly happened to Irish society in the past few decades of boom and bust. The socio-cultural rather than the purely economic lens it uses to critique the Celtic Tiger is useful because society and culture are inevitably influenced by what happens in the economic sphere. That said, all of the measures taken in the wake of the financial crash sought to find solutions to aid the ailing economy, and the social and cultural ramifications were shamefully neglected. The aim of this book therefore is to bring the ‘Real’ of the socio-cultural consequences of the Celtic Tiger out of the darkness and to initiate a debate that is, in some respects, equally important as the numerous economic analyses of recent times. The essays analyse how culture and society are mutually-informing discourses and how this synthesis may help us to more fully understand what happened in this period, and more importantly, why it happened.