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Robert M. Bliss

Charles I has received a bad press from imperial historians. If anything, he has been blamed for the rapid growth in colonial population, much of which stemmed from religious discontent and economic dislocation for which he bore some responsibility. Those who organized colonizing ventures did so on their own initiative. Such credit as Charles has won is for allowing this to

in Revolution and empire
Marissa Nicosia

69 Chapter 3 Couplets, commonplaces and the creation of history in The Famous Tragedie of King Charles I (1649) and Cromwell’s Conspiracy (1660) Marissa Nicosia T Famous Tragedie of King Charles I (1649) is the first dramatic account of the defeat and execution of King Charles I.1 It is neither a conventional history play representing the King’s exploits nor a masque allegorising monarchical power, but rather a play pamphlet, a short, polemical play printed in the same pamphlet format as contemporary news. Like other play pamphlets from this era, The Famous

in From Republic to Restoration
Tourism, cross-cultural space, and ethics in Irish poetry
Charles I. Armstrong

14 Hospitality and hauteur: tourism, cross-cultural space, and ethics in Irish poetry Charles I. Armstrong Tourism tends to be observed as an indispensable but regrettable epiphenomenon. For many states it provides a major source of income, facilitating commerce and jobs that make up an important part of the national economy. At the same time, there is a tendency to see tourism as involving a pernicious commodification of space, culture, and people’s lives in general. Common conceptions of tourism tend to circle around cliché and stereotype. In an increasingly

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
Cheshire on the eve of civil war
Authors: Richard Cust and Peter Lake

This book aims to revisit the county study as a way into understanding the dynamics of the English civil war during the 1640s. It explores gentry culture and the extent to which early Stuart Cheshire could be said to be a ‘county community’. It investigates the responses of the county’s governing elite and puritan religious establishment to highly polarising interventions by the central government and Laudian ecclesiastical authorities during Charles I’s Personal Rule. The second half of the book provides a rich and detailed analysis of the petitioning movements and side-taking in Cheshire during 1641-42. This important contribution to understanding the local origins and outbreak of civil war in England will be of interest to all students and scholars studying the English Revolution.

Drama, reinvention and history, 1647–72
Author: Rachel Willie

Staging the Revolution offers a reassessment of drama that was produced during the commonwealth and the first decade of the Restoration. It complements the focus of recent studies, which have addressed textual exchange and royalist and republican discourse. Not all parliamentarians were opposed to the theatre, and not all theatre was illegal under the commonwealth regimes. Equally, not all theatrical experience was royalist in focus. Staging the Revolution builds upon these findings to examine ways in which drama negotiated the political moment to explore the way in which drama was appropriated as a means of responding to the civil wars and reinventing the recent past and how drama was also reinvented as a consequence of theatre closure. The often cited notion that 1660 marked the return to monarchical government and the rebirth of many cultural practices that were banned under an austere, Puritan, regime was a product of the 1650s and 1660s and it was fostered in some of the dramatic output of the period. The very presence of these dramas and their textual transmission challenges the notion that all holiday pastimes were forbidden. Covering some of the work of John Dryden and William Davenant as well as lesser-known, anonymous and non-canonical writers, the book examines contemporary dramatic responses to the civil war period to show that, far from marking a new beginning, the Restoration is focused upon the previous thirty years.

Culture and conflict in England, 1620–60

Twelve friends of the late Mark Kishlansky reconsider the meanings of England’s mid-seventeenth-century revolution. Their essays range widely: from shipboard to urban conflicts; from court sermons to local finances; from debates over hairstyles to debates over the meanings of regicide; from courtrooms to pamphlet wars; and from religious rights to human rights. Taken together, these essays indicate how we might improve our understanding of a turbulent epoch in political history by approaching it more modestly and quietly than historians of recent decades have often done.

Abstract only
Marco Barducci

providence’. 2 Independents had disagreed with Presbyterians over the interpretation of God’s and scipture’s signs concerning conduct towards the Crown. Charles I had been executed and the kingly office abolished when ‘the providence of God has laid this title aside’. 3 A similar case has to be made for salus populi . The protection of people’s safety had required opposition to the king

in Order and conflict
Open Access (free)
Milton, Harrington and the Williamite monarchy, 1698–1714
Justin Champion

war against tyranny and prejudice contemporaries (especially clergymen) reviled the ‘revived impertinences’ of Toland’s ‘commonwealth fictions’. Toland was a ‘spiteful young fellow’ who had disturbed the ‘sacred ashes’ of Charles I’s memory. In his assault on the Stuart monarchy and in particular on his attempted erasure of the commemorative sermons of 30 January, ‘Milton Junior’ executed ‘as fatal a stroke to the Royal Martyr’s reputation, as the Ax did his life’.5 Toland’s radical disposition against the orthodoxies of Church and State had been rapidly established

in Republican learning
Abstract only
David Brown

, breaking up the old companies and creating a mutually dependent relationship between the state and the Adventurers. A similar combination of commercial and diplomatic pressure was brought to bear on the Levant Company, control of which was also gradually transferred to Adventurers. In 1643, Charles I had moved the base of operations of the Levant, Muscovy and East India companies to Bristol. While this move kept much needed revenue from customs on imported goods out of the hands of the parliamentarians, the relocation from London’s markets was bad for trade. 8 From

in Empire and enterprise
Marco Barducci

individuals might not be worthy of the throne. This point was reminiscent of the position of the political group of the Independents, who before 1649 were seeking to restrain Charles I’s prerogatives in order to end the Civil War, and to reach an agreement with Presbyterians on this ground. Ascham also made clear his aversion to the political and social implications of radical and ‘democratic’ theories

in Order and conflict