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‘No such deeds’: responsibility and remembrance
Lucy P. Chester

, Other Side of Silence (New Delhi: Viking, 1998 ), p. 269. 10 See for example Ziegler, Revisited , p. 22. 11 For further discussion of the complications inherent in partition, see Lucy Chester, ‘Factors impeding the

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
The historical context of partition
Lucy P. Chester

. 431. 39 Brecher, Nehru , p. 380. 40 Lucy P. Chester, ‘The mapping of empire: French and British cartographies of India in the late eighteenth century’, Portuguese Studies 16 (October 2000 ). 41

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
Radcliffe’s private deliberations
Lucy P. Chester

‘Maps, knowledge, and power’, in Harley, pp. 57–8. 98 See Chester, ‘The mapping of empire’, pp. 256–75 and ‘Mapping imperial expansion: Colonial cartography in North America and South Asia’, The Portolan 45 (Fall 1999 ), pp. 9

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
Commerce, crime and community in England, 1300–1500
Author:

This book explores the legal actions of women living in three English towns – Nottingham, Chester and Winchester – during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. For the first time, it brings together women’s involvement in a wide range of litigation, including pleas of debt and trespass, as well as the actions for which they were punished under local policing and regulations. The book details the multiple reasons that women engaged with the law in their local communities, all arising from their interpersonal relationships and everyday work and trade. Through the examination of thousands of original court cases, it reveals the identities of hundreds of ordinary urban women and the wide range of legal actions that they participated in. This wide-ranging, comparative study examines the differing ways that women’s legal status was defined in multiple towns, and according to different situations and pleas. It pays close attention to the experiences of married women and the complex and malleable nature of coverture, which did not always make them completely invisible. The book offers new perspectives on women’s legal position and engagement with the law, their work and commercial roles, the gendering of violence and honour, and the practical implications of coverture and marital status, highlighting the importance of examining the legal roles and experiences of individual women. Its basis in the records of medieval town courts also offers a valuable insight into the workings of these courts and the lives and identities of those that used them.

Open Access (free)
Susan M. Johns

tied to the female life cycle. Such power, like that of men, was rooted in land tenure. The definition of categories of women is fraught with problems, yet arguably countesses were a distinct status group.1 Andreas Capellanus, writing in the late twelfth century, recognised social gradations based on rank and distinguished countesses as a group which he placed amongst the high nobility.2 Charters relating to the honor of Chester demonstrate the formal public power, spheres of influence, land holdings, economic interests, and the religious and cultural roles of the

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm
The Radcliffe boundary commission and the partition of Punjab
Author:

This book is the first full-length study of the 1947 drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab. It uses the Radcliffe commission, headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe , as a window onto the decolonisation and independence of India and Pakistan. Examining the competing interests that influenced the actions of the various major players, the book highlights British efforts to maintain a grip on India even as the decolonisation process spun out of control. It examines the nature of power relationships within the colonial state, with a focus on the often-veiled exertion of British colonial power. With conflict between Hindus , Muslims and Sikhs reaching unprecedented levels in the mid-1940s , British leaders felt compelled to move towards decolonization. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. Radcliffe's use of administrative boundaries reinforced the impact of imperial rule. The boundaries that Radcliffe defined turned out to be restless divisions, and in both the 1965 and 1971 wars India and Pakistan battled over their Punjabi border. After the final boundary, known as the 'Radcliffe award', was announced, all sides complained that Radcliffe had not taken the right 'other factors' into account. Radcliffe's loyalty to British interests is key to understanding his work in 1947. Drawing on extensive archival research in India, Pakistan and Britain, combined with innovative use of cartographic sources, the book paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the Radcliffe line's impact on Punjab.

Abstract only
Lucy P. Chester

This introduction presents an overview of key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book argues that the boundary commission headed by Cyril Radcliffe offers a window into the complexity of nationalist dealings with colonial power structures and of colonial strategies of control, even during decolonization. It examines the nature of power relationships within the colonial state, with a focus on the often-veiled exertion of British colonial power. The book traces the reluctant cooperation of South Asian elites with British leaders in setting up the Radcliffe commission. It focuses on partition's impact on Punjab, in the north-west wing of the South Asian subcontinent. The book also focuses on the high politics of the British withdrawal and of Indian and Pakistani independence. It deals with the ground-level impact of the partition process.

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
The façade of South Asian responsibility
Lucy P. Chester

British leaders were astonishingly slow in grappling with the problem of determining a new international boundary line. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. The Radcliffe commission was clearly concerned with delimitation, not demarcation; demarcation was left to India and Pakistan, after independence. Despite Cyril Radcliffe's central role in the boundary-making process, few historians have offered more than a cursory appraisal of Radcliffe the individual. As Radcliffe prepared for his voyage to India, the British Government began to speed up its withdrawal. On 4 July 1947, the government introduced an Indian Independence Bill in the British House of Commons. This bill included a clause that ultimately rendered Radcliffe's decision binding on both India and Pakistan.

in Borders and conflict in South Asia