Contained within this section is a set of chronologies, divided into groups
based on particular countries or groups of countries. As well as a general
chronology for each country or group of countries, specialised chronologies
of major developments are supplied, which cover, for example, the
reunification of Germany and the transition to democracy in Spain.
C H R O N O L O G Y A N D C O M M E R C E 63
Chronology and commerce:
Edmund Howes’s Annales
Bacon’s History and Camden’s Annales exerted a prolonged influence
over the reputations of Henry VII and Elizabeth I. Indeed, as will
be explored in Part II of this book, the eighteenth-century debate
concerning the financial and commercial management of these monarchs was structured around a series of attempts to adapt and update
Bacon’s and Camden’s narratives. The situation with regard to James
I was a good deal more complicated. No account of a similar stature
The Chartist movement, stretching from the 1830s to
the 1850s, may be seen as the first national exercise in independent working-class
politics of a ‘mass’ kind in modern Britain. 1 From the demise of Chartism to the end of the century the institutions of
the labour movement characteristically supported the radical wing of the Liberal Party and
the election of ‘Lib-Lab’ working-class trade union candidates to parliament.
‘Lib-Labism’ was particularly strong among
Victor Frankenstein relates his narrative ‘marking the dates with accuracy’, determined that his improbable story will be believed. Through examining the time references, this essay reveals the extent to which the novel is preoccupied with realism and temporal accuracy and demonstrates why the time scheme of Frankenstein is a problem for critics. The narrative can be charted via a consistent and extensive system of time references provided by the three narrators. At a point near the end, Shelley is momentarily vague. Previous decisions on how to deal with this difficulty are opened up to scrutiny, and a detailed chronology of the 1831 version is proposed. Readings which have based their arguments for political or biographical significance on embedded numerology are reexamined using the new chronology.
E. ( 1995 ),
‘ A Chronology of the New Left and Its Successors, or: Who’s
Old-fashioned Now? ’, Socialist Register ,
31 , 22 – 49 . Merrick ,
R. ( 2017 ),
‘ Theresa May Speech “Could Have Been Taken Out of Mein
Kampf ”, Vince Cable Says ’, Independent
( 5 July ), www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/theresa-may-mein-kampf-adolf-hitler-nazi-vince-cable-liberal-democrat-conservatives-a7825381.html
(accessed 9 September
2018 ). Mouffe ,
C. ( 2005 ), On the
Political ( London
A perfect companion to European politics today, written by the same authors, this
book presents past events, prominent personalities, important dates,
organisations and electoral information in an accessible, easy-to-read format.
The book is split into five sections for ease of use: a dictionary of
significant political events, a chronology of major events in Europe since 1945,
a biographical dictionary, a dictionary of political organisations and electoral
data. In addition to being a comprehensive reference tool, this book is intended
to provide a sound historical background to the development of Western European
The product of forty years of research by one of the foremost historians of Jacobitism, this book is a comprehensive revision of Professor Szechi’s popular 1994 survey of the Jacobite movement in the British Isles and Europe. Like the first edition, it is undergraduate-friendly, providing an enhanced chronology, a convenient introduction to the historiography and a narrative of the history of Jacobitism, alongside topics specifically designed to engage student interest. This includes Jacobitism as a uniting force among the pirates of the Caribbean and as a key element in sustaining Irish peasant resistance to English imperial rule. As the only comprehensive introduction to the field, the book will be essential reading for all those interested in early modern British and European politics.
The book is a comprehensive and definitive history of the Leeds Jewish community, which was – and remains – the third largest in Britain. It is organised in three parts: Context (history, urban, demography); Chronology (covering the period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 1940s); and Contours (analysing themes and aspects of the history up to the present time). The book shows how a small community was affected by mass immigration, and through economic progress and social mobility achieved integration into the host society. It is a story of entrepreneurial success which transformed a proletarian community into a middle-class society. Its members contributed extensively to the economic, social, political and cultural life of Leeds, which provided a supportive environment for Jews to pursue their religion, generally free from persecution. The Leeds Jewish community lived predominantly in three locations which changed over time as they moved in a northerly direction to suburbia.
for the samples (Figure 2.1). ‘Here, we have the entire Scottish Highlands’, Rob
announced triumphantly, pointing to the drawers full of cores and the piles of
slices of subfossil wood.
From the moment we left the samples in Rob’s office, Miloš became responsible
for creating data from them in a procedure known as ‘dendrochronology’. From
each tree sample, dendrochronologists generate a series of tree-ring measurements
and then combine several of these series to produce what is known as a ‘tree-ring
chronology’. Essentially, dendrochronologists aim to
Medieval film' forces us into a double-take on chronology. This book argues that such a playful confusion of temporalities is a fundamental characteristic not just of the term but also of medieval films themselves. Medieval films reflect on the fact that they make present a past that was never filmable and offer alternatives to chronological conceptions of time. The book examines the contrasting uses, or non-uses, of medieval art objects in two medieval films and assesses how they contribute to the films' overall authenticity-effects. It makes tentative contribution to a list of such characteristics: that the fragmented visual profile of the medieval makes medieval authenticity-effects particularly troublesome to produce. The reliance of film theory on medievalism has never been acknowledged by film scholars. The book shows the ways in which preconceived notions of the Middle Ages filtered into and were influenced by film theory throughout the twentieth century; and to what extent film theory relies on knowledge about the Middle Ages for its basic principles. It explores to what extent medieval film engages with questions of language, and to what extent these engagements may be distinctive. Cinematic medievalism participated in and drew on a wider cultural and political preoccupation with the Middle Ages. Romanticism posited the Middle Ages as an alternative, utopian realm promising creative and political possibility. The book argues that certain films with medieval themes and settings, mostly dating from the 1940s to the 1960s, demonstrate a surprising affinity with the themes and techniques associated with film noir.