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Alison Forrestal

chap 3 22/3/04 12:52 pm Page 74 3 Lower clergy versus bishops The church desperately needed men like Bérulle and Olier to formulate coherent theologies to underpin its reform initiatives. Yet not everyone agreed that the church should function according to a hierarchical arrangement that gave bishops absolute authority over the clergy below them in rank. Fundamental disagreements over the complicated questions of hierarchy and jurisdiction brought many tough challenges for French bishops, for they were pitted against members of the lower clergy and even

in Fathers, pastors and kings
Erica Longfellow

Chapter 9 . The Isham family and their clergy Erica Longfellow I n the early 1620s Daniel Baxter, rector of All Saints, Lamport, North­­ amptonshire, wrote to Lady Judith Isham of Lamport House to thank her for the letter she had written following his wife’s death. Baxter began his letter with conventional thanks for her condolences, but before the end of the first sentence he had descended into an account of his ‘comfortless desolation’, a despair that we would now probably call depression. Baxter bewailed the fact that he had lost ‘father, mother, brethren

in Chaplains in early modern England
David Fletcher

characters attacking marriage are often themselves ‘silly or wicked’, this kind of attitude does not undermine the institution. 5 While this general point has validity, there is one group of characters in the plays whose attitude and behaviour casts an inescapable shadow over marriage, and that is the clerics. This chapter argues that the portrayals of the clerical characters degrade not only the reputation of the clergy but also the institution of marriage itself, as they are the very people who are

in Religion and life cycles in early modern England
Joseph Hardwick

Over the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the Church of England emerged as one of Britain’s largest employers. Few other professional groups were as numerous, or as ubiquitous, as the clergy who tended the Church in England, Ireland and Wales. 1 By the end of the eighteenth century the clergy were growing in numbers and also spreading out. America would be

in An Anglican British World
Anthony Milton

Chapter 2 ‘Civill warres amongst the Clergy’, 1632–1640 W riting to Sir Gervase Clifton in 1637, one of his correspondents remarked on the outbreak of what he called ‘the civill warres amongst the Clergy, whose pennes are their pikes and so they fight dayly between the Table and the Altar, whose severall battayles are set forth in diverse books’.1 Contemporaries were struck by the violence and acrimony of the religious pamphlet disputes of the 1630s. These were civil wars that pre-dated those of the laity in the 1640s, and were fought with pens rather than

in Laudian and royalist polemic in seventeenth-century England
Alan Ford

4 • Scottish Protestant clergy and the origins of dissent in Ireland alan ford ‘The origins of dissent’ is in many respects an old-fashioned title, redolent of the innumerable articles in Victorian Baptist journals with titles like ‘Pioneers of Congregationalism’. Such scholarship is readily classifiable: it represents what has been labelled ‘vertical history’ – the history of a particular church, usually written by an ‘insider’ ‘which has been all about origins, title-deeds, pedigree and descent’.1 It is a notable feature of those religious traditions that

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Kenneth Parker

Henry Manning’s (1808–92) transition from Anglican to Roman Catholic convert has not received the extensive attention that John Henry Newman’s journey to Roman Catholicism has received. Though more than a half dozen treatments have appeared in recent decades, newly acquired archival resources received by the Westminster Diocesan Archives in 2014 warrant a new appraisal of the events leading to his conversion. How could a committed adherent of the Oxford Movement, who did not initially follow Newman’s example in 1845, make the decision to leave the Church of his birth in 1851? What interior process enabled Archdeacon Henry Manning to preside over the assembly of Chichester clergy that condemned ‘papal aggression’ in 1850, and announce at the conclusion of the vote that he would be received into the Roman communion? This article outlines undercurrents in Manning’s thought, traces of which can be found in his undergraduate years, and considers concepts that culminated in the decision that changed his life, and guided his Roman Catholic ecclesial outlook. His role in shaping the agenda of Vatican I and the post-conciliar era heightens the significance of this background.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
An Introductory Survey
Richard Sharp

Architecture and visual arts in general have been subjects of a growing body of recent scholarship connected with the ecclesiastical history of the ‘Long Eighteenth Century’, but little attention has been given to portraiture. Although honourable mention should be made of pioneering work by John Ingamells on painted episcopal portraits, and by Peter Forsaith, very recently, on Methodist portrait prints, other aspects of this extensive subject still await investigation. The article outlines the development of engraved portrayal of clergy, mainly of the Church of England, during the two centuries before production of multiple images was taken over by photography, and indicates how the quantity, variety, and dissemination of such material can provide some index of the priorities of a pre-photographic age. It does not aim to be a comprehensive or a complete survey of the corpus of engraved portraiture; nevertheless, this article provides an initial guide to the abundance of previously unexplored illustrative material, and may suggest a framework for further exploration. It is hoped that future scholars will build on this initial work to enable a complete catalogue of such images to be developed and further explored.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Preaching, polemic and Restoration nonconformity

This book explores the religious, political and cultural implications of a collision of highly charged polemic prompted by the mass ejection of Puritan ministers from the Church of England in 1662, providing an in-depth study of this heated exchange centring on the departing ministers' farewell sermons. Many of these valedictions, delivered by hundreds of dissenting preachers in the weeks before Bartholomew's Day, would be illegally printed and widely distributed, provoking a furious response from government officials, magistrates and bishops. The book re-interprets the political significance of ostensibly moderate Puritan clergy, arguing that their preaching posed a credible threat to the restored political order.