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A. D. Morrison

The letter collections of Greco-Roman antiquity dwarf in total size all of ancient drama or epic combined, but they have received far less attention than (say) the plays of Euripides or the epics of Homer or Virgil. Although classicists have long realised the crucial importance of the order and arrangement of poems into ‘poetry books’ for the reading and reception both of individual poems and the collection as a whole, the importance of order and arrangement in collections of letters and the consequences for their interpretation have long been neglected. This piece explores some of the most important Greek letter collections, such as the Letters attributed to Plato, and examines some of the key problems in studying and editing collections of such ancient letters.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
David Morris

George Clough‘s donation of old master prints raised the Whitworth Institute‘s collection to international standing. Simultaneously, it presented Manchester with a viewing experience that was possibly unique in Britain, and placed on permanent display one of the nations finest collections of engravings, etchings and woodcuts so as to offer a visual history of the medium of print. Clough had a special interest in Marcantonio Raimondi, collecting over forty prints by him at a time when such works commanded high prices. This article examines the history and composition of Clough‘s collection and its place in the collecting culture of northern England, and of Manchester in particular, around 1900.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Adored, forgotten about, potent and mundane objects
Sophie Woodward

Introduction Material collections have been understood as a form of ‘special’ consumption, consisting of items separated off from use (Belk, 1995 ); if we approach them instead through the lens of the mundane, houses and other everyday spaces are full of collections of objects which include the used and the unused, the special and the forgotten about (Woodward and Greasley, 2015 ). A wardrobe is a case in point – containing cherished items like a wedding dress, habitual items we wear all the time like a pair of jeans, and items that never make

in Mundane Methods
Joris Vandendriessche

4 Networks and collections On May 6, 1862, Charles Poelman, Professor of Anatomy at the University of Ghent, presented the specimen of a malformed baby to his colleagues in the Medical Society in that same city. By then, the specimen had already travelled from the town of Aalst, about 30 kilometers from Ghent, where a local practitioner, Dr De Moor, had acquired it and sent it to Poelman. At the society meeting, the specimen was collectively examined by the society members present and identified as a case of ‘cyclopie,’ a condition that referred to the child

in Medical societies and scientific culture in nineteenth-century Belgium
Maria Haralambakis

In 1954 and 1958 the John Rylands Library acquired a significant portion of the library of Dr Moses Gaster (1856–1939). As a scholar and bibliophile, Gaster collected manuscripts, printed books, pamphlets and amulets. His collection reflects his wide ranging interests: philology (including Romanian language, folklore and literature), Judaica, magic and mysticism, and Samaritan studies. This article presents a survey of the varied Rylands Gaster collection. It includes an inventory of the miscellaneous manuscript sequence, a complete handlist of Gaster‘s German manuscripts and an introduction to the archival material.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Issues for the intelligence community
Richard Kerr
Thomas Wolfe
Rebecca Donegan
, and
Aris Pappas

The intelligence community’s uneven performance on Iraq from 2002 to 2004 raised significant questions concerning the condition of intelligence collection, analysis, and policy support. The discussion of shortcomings and failures that follows is not meant to imply that all surprises can be prevented by even good intelligence. There are too many targets and too many ways of

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
James Uden

Scholars of eighteenth-century literature have long seen the development of the Gothic as a break from neoclassical aesthetics, but this article posits a more complex engagement with classical imitation at the origins of the genre. In Horace Walpole’s formative Gothic novel The Castle of Otranto, his Gothic drama The Mysterious Mother, and in the curiosities in his villa, classical elements are detached from their contexts and placed in startling and strange juxtapositions. His tendency towards the fragmentation of ancient culture, frequently expressed through the imagery of dismemberment, suggests an aesthetic not of imitation, but of collection. Moreover, rather than abandoning or ignoring the classical, Walpole reconfigures literary history to demonstrate elements of monstrosity and hybridity already present in Greek and Roman texts.

Gothic Studies
David Jones

Edmund set the story in his schooldays at Oxford, rather than during his archiepiscopate as here: Lawrence, St Edmund , 101, 225–6 and The Life of St Edmund , 120–1. Two sermons of Robert Rypon, an Oxford-trained theologian and Benedictine monk who died c .1419, set the story in ‘the Cowmede’ at Oxford: Wenzel, Latin Sermon Collections , 73, citing BL, Harley MS 4894 fols 42v

in Friars’ Tales
Greer Vanderbyl
John Albanese
, and
Hugo F. V. Cardoso

The sourcing of cadavers for North American skeletal reference collections occurred immediately after death and targeted the poor and marginalised. In Europe, collections sourced bodies that were buried and unclaimed after some time in cemeteries with no perpetual care mandate, and may have also targeted the underprivileged. The relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and abandonment was examined in a sample of unclaimed remains (603 adults and 98 children) collected from cemeteries in the city of Lisbon, Portugal, that were incorporated in a collection. Results demonstrate that low SES individuals are not more likely to be abandoned nor to be incorporated in the collection than higher SES individuals. Furthermore, historical data indicate that the poorest were not incorporated into the collection, because of burial practices. Although the accumulation of collections in North America was facilitated by structural violence that targeted the poor and marginalised, this phenomenon seems largely absent in the Lisbon collection.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal