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Raj Chari
John Hogan
Gary Murphy
, and
Michele Crepaz

's index, high scores indicate high robustness. Unlike Opheim's, Newmark's index does not identify key elements of the regulation that represent critical features of any regulation. In addition, Newmark's index does not include items on the enforcement of lobbying laws. Cognisant of the upsurge of jurisdictions beyond the US that were pursuing lobbying laws in the 2000s, and noted by several scholars examining the worldwide experience, we performed a global comparative analysis of the robustness of lobbying laws in our first edition. In order to do so, we applied the

in Regulating lobbying (second edition)
Matt Qvortrup

4 The recall of elected politicians A comparative analysis of the recall of elected officials On 3 September 2011 this story appeared in a local paper in the small town of Sheboygan in Wisconsin. It is worth quoting it verbatim: A Sheboygan City Council member has started a campaign to recall embattled Mayor Bob Ryan. Kevin MatiChek, the Alderman who started the petition, said a recall would be cheaper and quicker than the legal process the Council had approved earlier this month. Seven formal complaints have been filed against the mayor, after he went on a

in Direct democracy
Matthew R. Smith

89 5 Matthew R. Smith A comparative analysis of the criminal and civil justice systems in England and Wales Introduction ‘Have you set off for the RCJ yet, Sir?’ As I step off the East Coast 7 o’clock from Leeds, brief in one hand and Circuit Bag in the other, onto the sultry Platform 0 at London King’s Cross, I promptly reply ‘Yes’ in anticipation of the next line of communication from my anxious clerk: ‘Listing has just pulled your trial, Sir. No judges, apparently.’ And therein belies the great anomaly subsumed within both the civil and criminal justice

in Law in popular belief

Building on earlier work, this text combines theoretical perspectives with empirical work, to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions of Russia. It also assesses the impact of these different institutional arrangements on democratization and federalism, moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratization at the local level and to the study of federalism in Russia.

Representative democracy and the international economy 1919–2001

This book offers an analysis of the problem of the authority of the state in democracies. Unlike many discussions of democracy that treat authority as a problem primarily of domestic politics or normative values, it puts the international economy at the centre of the analysis. The book shows how changes in the international economy from the inter-war years to the end of the twentieth century impacted upon the success and failures of democracy. It makes the argument by considering a range of different cases, and traces the success and failure of democracies over the past century. The book includes detailed studies of democracies in both developed and developing countries, and offers a comparative analysis of their fate.

The Future of Work among the Forcibly Displaced
Evan Easton-Calabria
Andreas Hackl

of this foray into the digital economy. As will be further discussed, articles cover a range of geographic breadth ranging from South America to East Africa to the Middle East and focus on both specific humanitarian digital livelihoods programming, online work platforms, and the broader engagement of refugees in the digital economy. This comparative analysis underscores how the precarious inclusion of refugees into web-based economies is both

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Zoographic Ambivalences in Mantegazza, Ouida, and Vernon Lee
Nicoletta Pireddu

In the framework of contemporary ecocritical theories, this comparative analysis of works by Paolo Mantegazza, Ouida, and Vernon Lee focuses on the conflictual relationship of proximity and differentiation at stake in the human-animal distinction in a post-Darwinian context dominated by the rise of experimental sciences. A discussion of vivisection and animal taming prompted by anthropocentric works as Fisiologia del dolore and Upilio Faimali in tension with proanimal essays by Ouida and Lee shows how the animal, caught between pure inert materiality and idealization, emerges as an intrinsic lack that the human fills with contending rational, utilitarian, moral, and affective motivations.

Gothic Studies
What Lessons Can Be Drawn from Case Studies in France, the United States and Madagascar?
Hugo Carnell

Public health responses to the broad history of plague epidemics over time can be effectively assessed through a process of comparative historical analysis, which has three core features: ‘concern with causal analysis, the exploration of temporal processes, and the use of systematic and contextualized comparison typically limited to a small number of cases’ ( Mahoney and Rueschemeyer, 2003 : 14). Comparative analysis is a relatively new public health research framework, but Worboys (1994

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

’ (128) – a ‘call to arms’ that was portrayed with ‘connotations of modernity’ (131) conveyed through images like that of a Red Cross hospital with rows of ‘doctors and nurses in crisp Western uniforms’ assembled on the lawn. Analysing ‘humanitarian photography’, Reeves’ essay reminds us, requires looking at how humanitarian mobilisations have occurred outside, often influenced but also distinct from, the West. More comparative analysis of the visual languages of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell
Peter Hailey

current humanitarian status. It includes projections – a snapshot of the future. The Politics of Information and Analysis: Evidence from Six Cases The comparative analysis of the six cases includes examination of the constraints and influences on data and data collection, on the analysis process, the impact of these influences and lessons learned for better managing these influences. Influences on Data and Data Collection

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs