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Fabrice Weissman

up as ‘Pay, don’t say’. In the eyes of private security firms, ‘kidnapping can be reduced to a simple business negotiation’ 2 that requires the strictest confidentiality. According to Alain Juillet, former intelligence director at the DGSE (the French external-intelligence agency) and senior advisor at Orrick Rambaut Martelet: The Americans and British have learned that using private negotiators simplifies efforts by focusing on coming

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

all volunteers leaving on mission during their departure preparation; and, most importantly, a kidnapping risk-management policy. That policy was designed and put in place after two expatriates were abducted in Somalia in the fall of 2008. It required identifying the kidnapping risk in each intervention zone; a specific briefing for people heading to high- and very high-risk areas about the risk and the means being used to reduce it; and confidentially obtaining and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

Borno, Yobe and Adamawa in 2017: The [linguistic] difficulties described affect both operational effectiveness and accountability, from the inclusiveness of needs assessments and feedback mechanisms to the provision of services and the implementation of behavior change campaigns. Confidentiality and conflict-sensitivity are impaired when not everyone can speak for themselves. Organizations were also concerned that the language barriers are impeding

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Embryo research, cloning, assisted conception, neonatal care, saviour siblings, organ transplants, drug trials – modern developments have transformed the field of medicine almost beyond recognition in recent decades and the law struggles to keep up.

In this highly acclaimed and very accessible book Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave provide an incisive survey of the legal situation in areas as diverse as fertility treatment, patient consent, assisted dying, malpractice and medical privacy.

The sixth edition of this book has been fully revised and updated to cover the latest cases, from assisted dying to informed consent; legislative reform of the NHS, professional regulation and redress; European regulations on data protection and clinical trials; and legislation and policy reforms on organ donation, assisted conception and mental capacity.

Essential reading for healthcare professionals, lecturers, medical and law students, this book is of relevance to all whose perusal of the daily news causes wonder, hope and consternation at the advances and limitations of medicine, patients and the law.

An interview with Martin Mansergh
Graham Spencer

was that he would like me to meet Father Reid and then explaining why. It was to do with the SDLP having started to publicly meet with Sinn Fein and was put in that context as a kind of flanking move or initiative, but was to remain strictly confidential. I can’t remember as to whether he mentioned on that first occasion if I would be going with Dermot Ahern and Richie Healey, but he did say that Father Reid would ring me, which he did, and we would meet up. Reid then explained what the purpose was and what his own thinking was

in Inside Accounts, Volume I
Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

that they can talk frankly to her. In its latest guidance to doctors, the General Medical Council (GMC) puts it this way: Confidentiality is central to trust between doctors and patients. Without assurances about confidentiality, patients may be reluctant to give doctors the information they need in order to provide good care. 1 An obligation of confidence to patients lies at the heart of all codes of ethics, but a comparison of the quotations above shows that the obligation is not necessarily absolute. The Ancient Greek physician undertook not to divulge that

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
The media and the propaganda of peace
Stephen Baker and Greg McLaughlin

a new series of public films for its confidential telephone service which portrayed paramilitary figures as ordinary family men with a choice to make between war and peace. This marked a shift in government propaganda that, up until then, had portrayed the paramilitaries, especially republicans, as psychopathic monsters, outside society and with nothing to offer but ‘murder and mayhem’. McLoone argues that the shift prepared public opinion for the disclosure of lines of communication between government representatives and Irish republicanism. But it also prepared

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
The Albanian mafia
Xavier Raufer

heroin was being seized; since then, from 50 kg to nearly 1 metric tonne); and that 1 kg of ‘good’ heroin from the Golden Crescent (Afghanistan, etc.) brings a wholesale price, in western Europe, of US$ 80,000–100,000. This gives some idea of the scale of profits made by the Albanian mafia. The deciding distinction made by Italian experts In autumn 1999 the Italian Directorate for Anti-Mafia Investigations (DIA) transmitted to its supervising authorities a confidential report entitled ‘Strategic and tactical importance of Albanian criminal organisations’. Let us recall

in Potentials of disorder
Abstract only
Wyn Grant

and that ‘in order to formulate “good policy”, confidential negotiations are sometimes necessary’ (Chari, Hogan and Murphy, 2010 : 7). However, the content of any discussions is not necessarily revealed and the record of the lobbying that has taken place usually appears after the event. The case in favour of some form of regulation of lobbying is overwhelming, while the objections that have been raised do not constitute an argument for failing to act. However, despite experience in various parts of the world, designing a system that is effective is not

in Lobbying
Abstract only
Private greed, political negligence and housing policy after Grenfell

As the tragedy of the Grenfell Tower fire of 14 June 2017 has slowly revealed a shadowy background of outsourcing and deregulation, and a council turning a blind eye to health and safety concerns, many questions need answers. Stuart Hodkinson has those answers. Safe as Houses weaves together Stuart’s research over the last decade with residents’ groups in council regeneration projects across London to provide the first comprehensive account of how Grenfell happened and how it could easily have happened in multiple locations across the country. It draws on examples of unsafe housing either refurbished or built by private companies under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) to show both the terrible human consequences of outsourcing and deregulation and how the PFI has enabled developers, banks and investors to profiteer from highly lucrative, taxpayer-funded contracts. The book also provides shocking testimonies of how councils and other public bodies have continuously sided with their private partners, doing everything in their power to ignore, deflect and even silence those who speak out. The book concludes that the only way to end the era of unsafe regeneration and housing provision is to end the disastrous regime of self-regulation. This means strengthening safety laws, creating new enforcement agencies independent of government and industry, and replacing PFI and similar models of outsourcing with a new model of public housing that treats the provision of shelter as ‘a social service’ democratically accountable to its residents.