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Tom Gallagher

9 Corruption and anti-corruption Corruption has been a long-term and deep-seated problem in Romania. Its depth and prevalence have acted as a check on the country’s economic development, impaired the state even in the performance of its normal duties, and created huge barriers of mistrust between society and the political elite which, on more than one occasion, has stimulated the rise of powerful extremist movements.1 It is appropriate to locate an extensive appraisal of the phenomenon and attempts to bring it under control to near the end of the book

in Romania and the European Union
Abstract only
Prevention and control
James L. Newell

7 Anti-corruption: prevention and control Introduction The connection between corruption and scandal is directly related to prevention and control, because it is largely due to the growth of corruption scandals in the UK and elsewhere that there have been increasingly resolute attempts since the early 1990s to prevent and control the spread of corruption. Scandals are important in driving efforts to tackle problems like corruption because they push problems – suddenly and ­dramatically – to the top of the political agenda and create the public pressure needed to

in Corruption in contemporary politics
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The fall of the House of Porter
Peter Jones

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 07/29/2013, SPi 5 London corruption: the fall of the House of Porter It should be noted ... how easily men are corrupted, and in nature become transformed, however good they may be and however well brought up. Niccolo Machiavelli, The Discourses (1519)1 My provisional view is that the council was involved in gerrymandering, which I am minded to find is a disgraceful and improper purpose and not a purpose for which a local authority may act. John Magill, District Auditor for the City of Westminster (1994)2 London’s politics from 1963

in From virtue to venality

This book provides an accessible account of current thinking about political corruption, recognising that the phenomenon is a serious problem: since it infringes rules defining legitimate and illegitimate means of the acquisition of wealth and the exercise of power, corruption damages the interests of the advantaged and disadvantaged alike. The advantaged find that wealth cannot be pursued and maintained safely, the disadvantaged that development is thwarted and resources redistributed from the poor to the rich. Against this background, the book takes the reader on a journey – a journey that begins with what corruption is, why its study might be important and how it can be measured. From there it moves on to explore corruption’s causes, its consequences and how it can be tackled – before finally discovering how these things are playing out in the established liberal democracies, in the former communist regimes and in what used to be commonly referred to as ‘the third world’. On the way it takes a couple of detours – first, to ascertain how the minimum of trust necessary for the corrupt transaction to take place at all is established and underwritten, and second to survey the phenomenon of scandal – to which corruption may give rise. The book is therefore offered as an informative ‘travel guide’ of potential interest to journalists and policy makers as well as to students and academics researching matters on which political corruption has a bearing.

A case study of Italy
James L. Newell

8 Corruption in liberal democracies: a case study of Italy Introduction This chapter takes Italy as a case study of corruption in liberal democracies. A case study is the study of an entity – a country, a person, an institution or whatever it happens to be – that is carried out not for its own sake but because ‘it has significance beyond its boundaries’ (Hague, Harrop and Breslin, 1998: 275). It is carried out because the entity in question is taken to be an example of some larger category of entities so that studying it can help us to throw light on – develop

in Corruption in contemporary politics
Florence Mok

By the 1960s, bureaucratic corruption was systematically operating in various governmental departments in Hong Kong. For the colonial government, it arose from Chinese culture, built on social ‘relationships’ instead of ‘laws and regulations’, exacerbated by language barrier between the administration and various Chinese communities. 1 After the 1966 Star Ferry riots and

in Covert colonialism
James L. Newell

6 Political corruption and scandal Introduction In the last chapter we considered the relationship between political corruption and organised crime. Thanks to the close connection between the two concepts, ‘organised crime’ and ‘corruption’ are often confused with one another or used interchangeably. This also seems to be the case with the concepts of ‘corruption’ and ‘scandal’. Yet the two are different. Corruption is by definition an illegitimate activity and therefore likely to remain hidden. Therefore, you can have corruption without scandal simply because

in Corruption in contemporary politics
Westminster scandals and the problem of corruption, c. 1880–1914
Tom Crook

Historians have shied away from seeking to measure or assess the extent of corruption among the Westminster elites during the late Victorian and Edwardian periods. This is not for want of scandal, for the scandals were many, from those surrounding the collapse of imperial banking and mining ventures through to the ‘trading of honours’, the award of armament contracts and

in The many lives of corruption
Conservative responses to nationalisation and Poplarism, 1900–40
Liam Ryan

In May 1974, an editorial in The Times inveighed against the growing affliction of corruption in British public life. 1 Deploring the Poulson affair which had engulfed the career of former Labour council leader T. Dan Smith, the editorial pointed to a wider crisis of public morals. It claimed that ‘in an age of looser morality and softer disciplines’ voters were being

in The many lives of corruption
Anthony Musson
Edward Powell

conscious of the social and literary context in which they arose and the interpretative structures affecting their production. 4 That there is more than a grain of truth, however, in the attitudes displayed in some of the portraits is borne out by the evidence of cases of corruption, conspiracy and abuse of process coming before the courts. Moreover, some of the literary sketches are rooted in a

in Crime, Law and Society in the Later Middle Ages