Robert J. McKeever

The United States Supreme Court is an important, exciting and controversial institution. While lawyers and academics fiercely debate how and why the Supreme Court makes its decisions, for most Americans it is the decisions themselves that matter. This is hardly surprising given the fact that the Court often has the last word on the great political controversies of the day. We begin therefore with an examination of the Supreme Court’s contemporary agenda: after a brief overview of the Court’s past agendas, we identify the major questions of public policy

in The United States Supreme Court
Language, immigration and consequences for justice
Author: Kate Waterhouse

For the uninitiated, the Irish District Court is a place of incomprehensible, organised chaos. This detailed account of the court’s criminal proceedings, based on an original study that involved observing hundreds of cases, aims to demystify the mayhem and provide the reader with descriptions of language, participant discourse and procedure in criminal cases. The book also captures an important change in the District Court: the advent of the immigrant or the Limited-English-proficient (LEP) defendant. It traces the rise of these defendants and explores the issues involved in ensuring access to justice across languages. It also provides an original description of LEP defendants and interpreters in District Court proceedings, ultimately considering how they have altered the District Court as an institution and how the characteristics of the District Court affect the ability of limited English proficient defendants to access justice at this level of the Irish courts system.

Kate Waterhouse

1 Introducing the District Court Within the court itself, no room. Three hard benches, and the unlucky ones line the walls. It gets too hot, too cold, too stuffy, too noisy, too quiet. Even the gardai1 don’t know how to use the microphones. The Justice is irritated. Justice is flawed. The solicitor arrives late. Justice is delayed. The lists are long and the bailsmen have to come back the next day. People don’t know what to do and other people are too busy to help them. Tempers flare, spirits flag, and the long hopeless grind grinds on. McCafferty (1981

in Ireland’s District Court
Law and patriarchy in the Anglo-American world, 1600–1800

Women before the court: Law and patriarchy in the Anglo-American World, 1600–1800 is a ground-breaking study of women in Britain and British America. Drawing from archival sources from both sides of the Atlantic, it offers an innovative, comparative approach to the study of women’s legal rights during a formative period of Anglo-American law. It traces how colonists transplanted English legal institutions to America, examines the remarkable depth of women’s legal knowledge, and shows how the law increasingly undermined patriarchal relationships between parents and children, masters and servants, and husbands and wives. While in the seventeenth century these relationships had been defined by mutual obligations of authority and submission, the economic and legal developments of the eighteenth century gave women increasing opportunities to break the patriarchal mould. This book will be of interest to scholars of Britain and colonial America, students of legal history and to laypeople interested in how women navigated and negotiated the structures of authority that governed them in the past. It is packed with fascinating (and sometimes shocking) stories that women related to the courts in cases ranging from murder and abuse to debt and estate litigation. This study adds a valuable contribution to our understandings of law, power and gender in the early modern world.

Kate Waterhouse

3 LEP immigrants in Irish courts Social changes and evolving demands From the mid 1990s and particularly after 2001, immigration levels to Ireland began to increase significantly. In 2002 the national census contained a question on nationality for the first time; 5.8 per cent of the population, or 224,261 people, reported themselves as having been born outside Ireland (CSO, 2002). The 2006 census recorded 419,733 people from 188 different countries living in Ireland, making up around 11 per cent of the population (CSO, 2006). Immigration levels peaked in 2007

in Ireland’s District Court
A political and legal analysis, Second edition

The United States Supreme Court is an important, exciting and controversial institution. This book includes the major decisions of the 2014 and 2015 Supreme Court Term. It examines some of the fascinating policy issues that are central to the Court by examining its contemporary agenda. The book analyses the Court's major decisions on controversial issues such as race, abortion, capital punishment and gay rights. It explains the ideas that underpinned the creation of the Supreme Court in the first place and how and why it has changed over the years. The book then investigates how the framers of the Constitution envisaged the nature and the role of the Supreme Court, and how and why these have evolved. With examples, it also explains the process by which the personal, the judicial and the political are interwoven in some of the Court's most important cases. Next, the book takes up the specifically judicial and legal basics of the Court's structure and processes and looks at the rules and procedures that govern the Justices' work. The key concept of judicial review, the source of the Court's power is then examined. The book moves on to analyse one of the most controversial features of the contemporary Supreme Court, the process of appointing new Justices, and examines the politicisation of the appointment process. Finally, it explores how powerful is the Court and what is its role in American government and politics.

Abstract only
Andrew Brown and Graeme Small

II: THE COURT With the exception of a very small number of high-status guests and relatives, the many men and fewer women who attended court were there to serve the prince and enjoy his favour. 1 Some attended on a regular basis, the terms of their service set out in the household ordonnances [ 4 , 6 ]. Others were occasional

in Court and civic society in the Burgundian Low Countries c.1420–1530
Constraints, compliance and impact
Robert J. McKeever

Decisions of the Supreme Court are not self-executing. The Court relies on other branches of government to enforce its decisions, but such compliance may not be readily forthcoming. In this chapter we examine the politics of compliance and resistance in implementing Supreme Court decisions. And we make an assessment of the impact of the Court’s decisions on American society and politics and thus its power. The formal position In no. 78 of The Federalist Papers , Alexander Hamilton predicted that the Court would be the weakest of the three branches of

in The United States Supreme Court
Kate Waterhouse

4 Interpreting District Court proceedings for non-Irish defendants What is his command of the English language?1 The cases a District Court is set to hear on any given day are set out in the court list. ‘The list’ is a sheet that in some courts is distributed freely, and in others guarded carefully and accessible only to those with the right credentials. It contains details of the persons scheduled to appear and the names of the prosecuting Garda, and the registrar will call the people on that list in an order that varies from court to court. Any number of people

in Ireland’s District Court
Sharon Kettering

6 Luynes and the court nobility The château of Blois stands on a hillside on the north bank of the Loire not far from Amboise. Around midnight on the night of 21–22 February 1619, a man could be seen climbing a ladder to one of the château’s terraces, and then a second ladder to a window far above on which he knocked and entered. A short while later, he reemerged from this window and began to descend the ladder, followed by a stout middle-aged woman with a heavy box in her arms, and four men and a woman. Soon, they were all standing on the terrace more than

in Power and reputation at the court of Louis XIII