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Anthony Musson and Edward Powell

The period covering the late thirteenth to the early fifteenth century was a crucial one in terms of the evolution of a practical and lasting system of criminal justice. 1 At its outset the general eyre was still in operation. This was an omnicompetent travelling court, which had periodically administered justice in the localities since the days of Henry II

in Crime, Law and Society in the Later Middle Ages
Anne Lagerwall

delivered justice to the people who needed it most when otherwise they might not have had it at all. And I’m proud to have done that and I’m proud to keep doing that. This scene stages two representations of international criminal justice which can be found more generally in cinema. On one hand, it appears as a necessary means to fight impunity ‘wherever the crime takes place’ and to ‘deliver justice to the people who need it most’. On the other, it is shown as an institution commanded by Western States’ interests and their neocolonialist reflexes. It is hard to tell

in Cinematic perspectives on international law
Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain

The coming years provide an exciting opportunity to improve the experience of victims of crime in Ireland and to give practical effect to the rights of victims in this jurisdiction. The focus of the EU Directive on Victims’ Rights is on the availability of high-quality services delivered in a respectful, sensitive, professional and non‑discriminatory manner, and it recognises victims of crime as bearers of rights rather than mere ‘consumers of criminal justice’ (Zedner, 2004 : 146). We must take this opportunity to build upon the many positive developments and

in The victim in the Irish criminal process

This book provides an introduction to the English legal system and its development during the period c 1215-1485. It affords a valuable insight into the character of medieval governance as well as revealing the complex nexus of interests, attitudes and relationships prevailing in society during the later Middle Ages. The book considers the theoretical and ideological aspects of medieval law and justice, examining the concepts and discourses to be found in official and non-official circles. It concentrates on manifestations of crime and disorder and the royal response to this in the form of the development of judicial institutions. The book then looks at the dispensation of justice both inside and outside the courtroom. It examines in detail the machinery and functioning of criminal justice both in the royal courts and in those autonomous areas exercising delegated powers. The book also considers the use of extra-judicial methods, such as arbitration and 'self-help', to illustrate the interaction of formal and informal methods of dispute settlement. It focuses on the personnel of justice, the justices of the central courts and the local officials who carried out the day-to-day administrative tasks. The smooth and successful operation of the judicial system was challenged and sometimes hindered by the existence of corrupt practices and abuse of its procedures.

The Tomašica mass grave and the trial of Ratko Mladić
Caroline Fournet

This article focuses on the judicial consideration of the scientific analysis of the Tomašica mass grave, in the Prijedor municipality of Republika Srpska in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Often referred to as the largest mass grave in Europe since the Second World War, this grave was fully discovered in September 2013 and the scientific evidence gathered was included in the prosecution of Ratko Mladić before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Based on the exhaustive analysis of all the publicly available trial transcripts, this article presents how the Tomašica evidence proved symptomatic of the way in which forensic sciences and international criminal justice intertwine and of the impact of the former over the latter on the admissibility of evidence, the conduct of proceedings and the qualification of the crimes perpetrated.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Abstract only
Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain

This book has sought to examine the criminal justice system's interactions with victims of crime. It is a relationship which has changed irrevocably over time. A significant discontinuity occurred in the nineteenth century when a new architecture of criminal and penal semiotics slowly emerged. An institutional way of knowing interpersonal conflict crystallised, one which reified system relations over personal experiences. It also emphasised new ideals and values such as proportionality, legalism, procedural rationality, equality and uniformity. New commitments

in The victim in the Irish criminal process
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

reading articles that other people had written; for my master’s thesis, I chose to analyse how French print media handled conflicts in the eastern Congo ( Brabant, 2011 ). At the time, I was struck by how often the journalists, in writing their articles, borrowed the lexicon and frames of reference from other fields (humanitarian aid, diplomacy and international criminal justice) without, it appeared, always being conscious of those origins – and thus without taking the time

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Shane Kilcommins, Susan Leahy, Kathleen Moore Walsh, and Eimear Spain

Introduction During the majority of the twentieth century the crime victim in the criminal justice systems in most common law jurisdictions was afforded no meaningful role or voice. Criminal justice systems were built on the notion that the state was the injured party. The crime victim was merely the complainant who activated the criminal justice system by notifying the police of the crime suffered. If an arrest was made, the victim was then a witness for the prosecution and treated like any other piece of evidence for the prosecution. While the prevailing

in The victim in the Irish criminal process

Cinema has been an object of study for the social sciences for some time now. The relationship between law and cinema has been the subject of a certain number of reflections by jurists who work essentially within a national legal framework, and from the true genre that courtroom movies have become. One can point also to studies linking cinema and international relations. In short, the relationship between international law and cinema has never been the subject of a specific book. The objective of the present book is to show what image of international law and its norms is conveyed in films and series. Beyond a strictly legal analysis, the ambition is to take into account, in a broader perspective marked by interdisciplinarity, the relations between international law, cinema and ideology. The volume is aimed at a readership made of scholars, researchers as well as practitioners, in the field of international law, and related fields, all of whom will benefit from being introduced to a variety of perspectives on core international legal questions present in movies and TV series. Further, the volume can also be used with advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying international law, politics and international relations because it will provide the possibility of introducing students to a variety of perspectives on key issues in international law present in movies and TV series.

Language, immigration and consequences for justice
Author: Kate Waterhouse

For the uninitiated, the Irish District Court is a place of incomprehensible, organised chaos. This detailed account of the court’s criminal proceedings, based on an original study that involved observing hundreds of cases, aims to demystify the mayhem and provide the reader with descriptions of language, participant discourse and procedure in criminal cases. The book also captures an important change in the District Court: the advent of the immigrant or the Limited-English-proficient (LEP) defendant. It traces the rise of these defendants and explores the issues involved in ensuring access to justice across languages. It also provides an original description of LEP defendants and interpreters in District Court proceedings, ultimately considering how they have altered the District Court as an institution and how the characteristics of the District Court affect the ability of limited English proficient defendants to access justice at this level of the Irish courts system.