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With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.

Open Access (free)
Justin A. Joyce

Justin A. Joyce introduces the eighth volume of James Baldwin Review with a discussion of the US Supreme Court, the misdirected uproar over Critical Race Theory, a survey of canonical dystopian novels, and the symbolism of masking during COVID-19.

James Baldwin Review
Identities, repertoires, cultural consumption

This book analyses how racism and anti-racism influence Black British middle-class cultural consumption. In doing so, this book challenges the dominant understanding of British middle-class identity and culture as being ‘beyond race’.

Paying attention to the relationship between cultural capital and cultural repertoires, this book puts forward the idea that there are three black middle-class identity modes: strategic assimilation, class-minded, and ethnoracial autonomous. People towards each of these identity modes use specific cultural repertoires to organise their cultural consumption. Those towards strategic assimilation draw on repertoires of code-switching and cultural equity, consuming traditional middle-class culture to maintain an equality with the White middle class in levels of cultural capital. Ethnoracial autonomous individuals draw on repertoires of browning and Afro-centrism, removing themselves from traditional middle-class cultural pursuits they decode as ‘Eurocentric’, while showing a preference for cultural forms that uplift Black diasporic histories and cultures. Lastly, those towards the class-minded identity mode draw on repertoires of post-racialism and de-racialisation. Such individuals polarise between ‘Black’ and middle-class cultural forms, display an unequivocal preference for the latter, and lambast other Black people who avoid middle-class culture as being culturally myopic or culturally uncultivated.

This book will appeal to sociology students, researchers, and academics working on race and class, critical race theory, and cultural sociology, among other social science disciplines.

A society in transition

In the last generation, Northern Ireland has undergone a tortuous yet remarkable process of social and political change. This book explores what Northern Ireland was like during violent conflict, and whether the situation is any different 'after the troubles'. It examines the political developments and divisions essential to a critical understanding of the nature of Northern Irish society. The book focuses a number of elements of popular cultural practice that are often overlooked when social scientists address Northern Ireland. Sport plays an important though often dispiriting role that in Northern Irish society. It looks at some of the problems and ways forward for transitional justice and memory work in Northern Ireland. The book reviews the history of strategic spatial policy in post-partition Northern Ireland. It draws on feminist scholarship to expose how explanations of the ethnic conflict that ignore gender are always partial. The book illustrates how feminist and gender politics are part of the political culture of Northern Ireland and offers conceptual resources to academics engaged in investigating the conflict. It further provides a brief outline of critical race theory (CRT) and the critique of whiteness therein before using it as a basis from which to examine the research literature on racism in Northern Ireland. The course that popular music has taken in Northern Ireland during 1990s of the peace process, is also considered and the most crucial issues of the peace process, police reform, are examined.

Race and racism in the wellbeing industry

A new concept, White Mindfulness, encapsulates the convergence of multiple social forces that shape ‘secular’ mindfulness in the West. Informed by whiteness, neoliberalism, postracialism, and a drive for meaning, the Mindfulness Industry is exploding through social media, apps, digital and print materials, as well as research and the psy-disciplines. White Mindfulness spans numerous institutions and sectors in service of reducing stress and improving wellness. Its presence is amplified by pedagogies that train educators in its image. Yet the pillars of White Mindfulness reveal institutions and pedagogies troubled by race and cultures that emphasise hyper-individualism, consumerism, and self-regulation in contrast to community, cooperatives, and co-regulation. The industry sits shoulder to shoulder with tenets of late capitalism steeped in growing inequities and deep social chasms. Originally envisioned as a public health service, engulfed by the invisibilisation of whiteness, its present composition is elitist, commodified, White, and middle and upper class. Unveiling the roots of the dominant narratives and social norms that infuse White Mindfulness and shape its social trajectory, this book reveals how it comes to reflect the power structures of the societies in which it takes root in the West. Examination of mindfulness institutions shows a predominantly elite White male leadership. But the race-gender dynamic is not confined to structures and leadership. It ripples through US-Eurocentric approaches to ownership, conceptualisation, pedagogy, and community engagement. Using concepts like People of the Global Majority and embodied justice to decentre whiteness, this book explores the decolonisation of White Mindfulness through a growing movement that stands outside its remit.

Abstract only
Towards a critical race theory of the labour market
Ebun Joseph

Conclusion: towards a critical race theory of the labour market Racial stratification is not an unproblematic concept. It is widely acknowledged by many race proponents as a key determinant of socioeconomic outcomes among groups based on their racial categorisation. In chapter 5 of this book, I described racial stratification as a homogenising system of structured inequality, where an assigned default starting position determines access to scarce and desired resources based on racial group membership. While it is clear that the equal positioning of human

in Critical race theory and inequality in the labour market
Abstract only
Ebun Joseph

groups appearing at the bottom of the ladder. Critical race theory (CRT) scholars have on the other hand taken the view that racial stratification assigns immigrants to different strata, thus influencing their outcomes. The theory of immigration and racial stratification (Zuberi JOSEPH 9781526134394 PRINT.indd 1 03/07/2020 15:44 2 Critical race theory and inequality in the labour market and Bashi, 1997) is pivotal in this regard as it presents insights into how on arrival in the US, immigrants are assigned a racial identity. Having been developed in the US, this

in Critical race theory and inequality in the labour market
Meghji Ali

large areas of sociology including the sociology of race and class, cultural sociology, and critical race theory. I look forwards by examining the paths that my work opens for future research. Black middle-class identities and cultural repertoires One of my main aims in writing this book has been to encourage us to think about the complexities and diversities within an understudied social group in Britain – the Black middle class. Prior to my research, British Black middle-class identity was understood through the lens of strategic assimilation.4 This former research

in Black middle class Britannia
A critical race perspective
Paul Connolly
Romana Khaoury

the divisions that exist between the unionist and nationalist traditions, we want to show in this chapter that it has actually been a constitutive element of those traditions. By drawing upon Critical Race Theory (CRT), it will be argued that, while it may often go unrecognised, race is a fundamental element of the social identities and lives of people in Northern Ireland. The historical (and continued) marginalisation of race issues within the region is, therefore, not simply an oversight or the result of thoughtlessness but is actually a reflection of the way in

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
Towards a definition of (meta)cultural blackness in the fantasies of Clive Barker
Tony M. Vinci

the politicisation of the fantasy genre and how this scholarship functions as a backdrop for Barker's work (and the small but significant body of criticism that endeavours to unpack it). Engaging Barker's fantasies as a prime test case, I argue that approaching fantasy narratives through critical race theory and other experimental frameworks of agency and identity can further

in Clive Barker