Political processes and
For a full understanding of the factors and conditions shaping EU
environmental policy, the analysis of central actors and institutions in the previous chapter constitutes an important, but not a
sufficient starting point. In this chapter, we will complement this
picture by focusing upon the characteristic processes and decision-making procedures in the development and design of EU
environmental policies. Of particular significance here are not
only formal decision-making rules and procedures, but also
The Irish health system is confronted by a range of challenges, both emerging and recurring. In order to address these, it is essential that spaces are created for conversations around complex ethical and legal issues. This collection aims to provide a basis for ongoing engagement with selected issues in contemporary Irish health contexts. It includes contributions from scholars and practitioners across a range of disciplines, most particularly, ethics, law and medicine. The focus of the collection is interdisciplinary and the essays are situated at the intersection between ethics, law and medicine. Important issues addressed include admission to care homes; assisted suicide; adolescent decision-making; allocation of finite resources; conscientious objection; data protection; decision-making at the end of life; mental health; the rights of older people; patient responsibilities; stem cell research; the role of carers; and reproductive rights. From these discussion, the collection draws out the following interlinking themes, addressing difference; context and care; oversight and decision-making; and, regulating research. The essays are theoretically informed and are grounded in the realities of the Irish health system, by drawing on contributors’ contextual knowledge. This book makes an informed and balanced contribution to academic and broader public discourse.
This book is about the lives of refugee women in Britain and France. Who are they? Where do they come from? What happens to them when they arrive, while they wait for a decision on their claim for asylum, and after the decision, whether positive or negative? The book shows how laws and processes designed to meet the needs of men fleeing political persecution often fail to protect women from persecution in their home countries and fail to meet their needs during and after the decision-making process. It portrays refugee women as resilient, resourceful and potentially active participants in British and French social, political and cultural life. The book exposes the obstacles that make active participation difficult.
According to this book, Romania's predatory rulers, the heirs of the sinister communist dictator Ceauşescu, have inflicted a humiliating defeat on the European Union. The book argues that Brussels was tricked into offering full membership to this Balkan country in return for substantial reforms which its rulers now refuse to carry out. It unmasks the failure of the EU to match its visionary promises of transforming Romania with the shabby reality. Benefiting from access to internal reports and leading figures involved in a decade of negotiations, the book shows how Eurocrats were outwitted by unscrupulous local politicians who turned the EU's multi-level decision-making processes into a laughing-stock. The EU's famous ‘soft power’ turned out to be a mirage, as it was unable to summon up the willpower to insist that this key Balkan state embraced its standards of behaviour in the political and economic realms. The book unravels policy failures in the areas of justice, administrative and agricultural reform, showing how Romania moved backwards politically during the years of negotiations.
This book attempts a systematic comparison of Japanese and British climate policy and politics. Focusing on institutional contrasts between Japan and Britain in terms of corporatist or pluralist characteristics of government-industry relations and decision-making and implementation styles, it examines how and to what extent institutions explain climate policy in the two countries. In doing this, the book explores how climate policy is shaped by the interplay of nationally specific institutional factors and universal constraints on actors, which emanate from characteristics of the global warming problem itself. It also considers how corporatist institutional characteristics may make a difference in attaining sustainable development. Overall, the book provides a set of comparisons of climate policy and new frameworks of analysis, which could be built on in future research on cross-national climate policy analysis.
This paper considers the impact of extra-filmic elements on the cultural
decision-making behaviours of a small rural Australian cinema audience, focusing on
the rural New South Wales village of Cobargo in the late 1920s. In considering how
why such fragile rural picture show operations either failed or became successful, it
is critical to take account of rural geographies, particularly in terms of early road
development, and the nature and state of road bridges in flood-prone areas. The paper
argues that these elements are part of a broad ecosystemic framework for cultural
decision-making which can assist in our interpretation of early newspaper advertising
and promotion for picture show programs.
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair
supported (financially and politically) by states and
international agencies. Yet in calling for better-informed, long-term
decision-making, he nonetheless highlighted the need for a much deeper discussion of
the relationship between long-term processes, lessons learnt and the practice of
humanitarian aid. At a time of great uncertainty in the world, increased
instrumentalisation of humanitarianism and heightened expectations of aid actors to
‘do no harm’ as they prevent
innovation embodies this cybernetic goal.
Optimising precariat behaviour to strengthen decision-making, improve health, employment,
life-style choices and, importantly, motherhood and child-rearing practices, is central to the
post-social humanitarian regime currently in formation ( World Bank, 2015 ). Humanitarian innovation, moreover, not only targets the behaviour of
the precariat, reflecting late-capitalism’s antipathy to professional hierarchies; it
also seeks to change the attitudes and mindsets of humanitarian aid workers as well. In justifying
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
the chiefs, elders, women and youths), anthropologically informed assessments of the
West African Ebola response paint a more complex picture of engagement in practice,
revealing murky social dynamics in some encounters, including aggressive appeals for
collaboration, top-down decision-making and a lack of accountability ( Calain and Poncin, 2015 ; Carrión et al.,
2016 ; Cohn and Kutalek 2016 ;
Gomez-Temesio and Le Marcis, 2017 ;
Oosterhoff and Wilkinson
instigated the creation of a position devoted to integrating security into the
structure of the organisation. Drawing on his experience as Bernard
Kouchner’s special advisor in Kosovo and other positions, the international
operations director was convinced that security required clear and harmonised
procedures, just like logistics or finance, and someone with technical expertise in
charge. Some on the Board of Directors (the decision-making body at MdM) advised