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Marisa McGlinchey

Headquarters] staff can hope to bind the hands of future generations. What it did do though was to publicly humiliate the organisation by forcing it effectively to say “please” and then “pretty please” … [and then] … undergo the indignity of decommissioning its arms.’ 7 Sinn Féin’s acceptance of the Mitchell Principles saw prominent republicans such as Francie Mackey, Joe Dillon and Mickey McKevitt depart the Provisional Movement and form the 32CSM. The REAL IRA was also formed at this time, which shares an ideology with the 32CSM. Dissention in the

in Unfinished business
Eamonn O'Kane

of it, became the largest parties in Northern Ireland. It will demonstrate how the very ambiguity that had enabled the Agreement to be passed became the barrier to allowing it to be implemented. The issues that had been sidelined during the talks, notably decommissioning and police reform, became the ones which dominated the political landscape. The differences over these issues led to increasing mistrust between the

in The Northern Ireland peace process
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The politics of ‘dissident’ Irish republicanism

This book provides an analysis of the politics, ideology and strategy of ‘dissident’ Irish republicans. Based on the largest survey of ‘dissidents’ to date, it offers unprecedented insight into who the ‘dissidents’ are and what they hope to achieve. The ninety interviewees for this book comprise members of ‘dissident’ groups, independents, elected representatives, current prisoners in Maghaberry prison, former senior members of the Provisional Movement and individuals who were active in the Republican Movement prior to the formation of the Provisionals in 1969. This book provides insight into the Provisional–‘dissident’ divide regarding tactics-versus-principles, a debate which strikes to the heart of republicanism. Uniquely, through interviews with key players, this book presents the mainstream Sinn Féin narrative, thus providing an insight into the contested narratives of these two worlds which encompass former comrades. This book locates ‘dissident’ republicanism historically, within the long trajectory of republican struggle, and demonstrates the cyclical nature of key debates within the republican leadership. Personal testimonies of key players demonstrate a nuanced spectrum of opinion on the current armed campaign regarding utility and morality; and republican views are presented on whether or not there should be any republican prisoners at present. Through unique interviews with a spokespersons for the Continuity and REAL IRAs, this book delves into the psyche of those involved in the armed campaign. Key themes explored throughout the book include the drawling of the fault lines, the varied strands of ‘dissidence’, ceasefires and decommissioning, the Good Friday Agreement, policing, ‘IRA policing’, legitimacy and mandates.

Eamonn O'Kane

arithmetic, but, more importantly, because without them there could be no peace process. It would not do to alienate Ulster Unionism to the extent that they were unwilling to participate in all-party talks with nationalists and republicans. But over the two issues that caused the main problems in the immediate post-ceasefire period – whether the ceasefires were permanent, and the issue of decommissioning

in The Northern Ireland peace process
Negotiating the Agreement, 1997–1998
Eamonn O'Kane

; renewed confidence-building measures by the government on issues such as the release of prisoners; and no insistence on prior decommissioning of IRA weapons’ ( Observer , 24 November 1997). In the House of Commons the following week, Major outlined the conditions that were necessary for Sinn Féin to enter talks. When Sinn Féin could join the

in The Northern Ireland peace process
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Northern Ireland’s unique history with DDR
Carolyn Gallaher

Assembly – the centre piece of the 1998 Agreement. The Assembly has collapsed on several occasions, and been brought to the brink of collapse several other times because of allegations of ongoing paramilitary activity. This chapter examines the degree to which Northern Ireland’s experience with decommissioning conforms to theories of International Relations (IR) that stress the importance of disarmament, demobilisation, and reintegration (DDR) for lasting peace. I argue that Northern Ireland is an outlier among post-conflict societies undergoing processes of DDR. In

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland

The peace process in Northern Ireland is associated with the signing of the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement, the arduous and lengthy implementation of this Agreement, and the continuing sectarianism in Northern Ireland. Despite the numerous and various studies about this case, no collection of scholarly analysis to date has attempted to assess a wide variety of theories prominent in International Relations (IR) that relate directly to the conflict in Northern Ireland, the peace process, and the challenges to consolidating peace after an agreement. IR scholars have recently written about and debated issues related to paradigms, border settlement and peace, the need to provide security and disarm combatants, the role of agents and ideas, gender and security, transnational movements and actors, the role of religions and religious institutions, the role of regional international organizations, private sector promotion of peace processes, economic aid and peacebuilding, the emergence of complex cooperation even in the world of egoists, and the need for reconciliation in conflict torn societies. How do the theories associated with these issues apply in the context of Northern Ireland’s peace process? Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland explores primarily middle-range theories of International Relations and examines these theories in the context of the important case of Northern Ireland.

An interview with Tim Dalton
Graham Spencer

prospect of acceptance on the other. That is not to say, by the way, that they were not open to novel proposals. They were once they felt it might help to solve one of the many problems that needed to be solved. I, for example, had the notion, at one stage, that we might get somewhere with decommissioning if we had some sort of act of reconciliation, where the paramilitaries on both sides would make arms

in Inside Accounts, Volume II
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Northern Issues concerning Ireland women Northern Ireland 129 10 ➤ The background to the Northern Ireland problem ➤ The build up to and the importance of the Good Friday Agreement ➤ The effect of the devolution process on Northern Ireland ➤ The workings of the Northern Ireland Assembly ➤ The effects of decommissioning of arms and demilitarisation ➤ The future of Northern Ireland BACKGROUND TO THE PROBLEM How Northern Ireland came about Until 1921 Ireland was a single political entity under British rule. It elected MPs to parliament in London, but was

in Understanding British and European political issues
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Northern Ireland and International Relations theory
Timothy J. White

Conclusion: Northern Ireland and International Relations theory Timothy J. White This volume has attempted to analyse the peace process in Northern Ireland through the lens of a variety of theories developed in the fields of International Relations (IR), security, and peacebuilding. While this case confounds the theoretical predictions of multi-lateral governance and the literature on decommissioning, contributors to this volume have found certain theoretical approaches, especially those emanating from constructivism, useful in explaining the arrival of a peace

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland