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Neoliberal crisis, neoliberal solutions

Once held up as a 'poster child' for untrammeled capitalist globalisation, the Irish Republic has more recently come to represent a cautionary tale for those tempted to tread the same neoliberal path. The crash in the world economy had especially grave repercussions for Ireland, and a series of austerity measures has seen the country endure the most substantial 'adjustment' ever experienced in a developed society during peacetime. This book delineates the reactionary course that Ireland has followed since the ignominious demise of the Celtic Tiger. It argues that the forces of neoliberalism have employed the economic crisis they caused to advance policies that are in their own narrow interests, and that the host of regressive measures imposed since the onset of global recession has fundamentally restructured Irish society. The book discusses the mechanisms by which finance in Ireland sustains and reproduces itself, in particular how it was able to protect itself during the 2008 crisis. Property was at the centre of the second phase of the Celtic Tiger boom after US investment in manufacturing began to decline, leading to the Irish economic crash. The years since the onset of the recession in Ireland in 2008 have been characterised not by passivity and quietism but by extreme violence. In December 2009 as part of the first wave of austerity, the Community Development Project was informed that the Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs proposed not to continue funding the project beyond the end of 2009.

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Provenance and decline
Bill Jones

responsibility of the Department of Community and Local Government (from 2006). The department has nine regional offices to assist its work throughout the country. Reference Moran , M . ( 2005 ) Politics and Governance in the UK , Palgrave . Recommended reading Jones , B ., et al . ( 2007 ) Politics UK ( 6th edition ), Pearson : chapter 22. Kavanagh , D ., et al . ( 2006 ) British Politics ( 5th edition ), Oxford University Press : chapter 15. Kingdom , J . ( 2003 ) Government and Politics in Britain: An Introduction ( 3rd edition

in British politics today
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Paul Sargent

Executive; FÁS; and the Departments of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs; Education and Science; and Health and Children’ (2008b: 11). The establishment of such networks between statutory agencies reflects the increasing pace at which the state is becoming governmentalised. This represents a major sea change in juvenile justice policy with the state taking centre stage, a space formerly occupied by religious and voluntary organisations for most of the twentieth century. The publication of the National Youth Justice Strategy, like the establishment of the Office of

in Wild Arabs and savages
Data becoming risk information
Nathaniel O’Grady

future. This emphasis on the ability to know, and to intervene upon, fire in anticipation of its occurrence represents a substantial shift in the wider operational and organisational priorities of the FRS, one which has been witnessed since the start of the twenty-first century (Department of Communities and Local Government 2012 ). Since the Fire and Rescue Services Act of 2004, the FRS strategic approach to governing fire has

in Security/ Mobility
Mark Tomlinson and Andrew McMeekin

[distributor], 13 October 1988, SN: 2218. Cox, B. D. (1995), University of Cambridge Department of Community Medicine, Health and Lifestyle Survey: seven-year follow-up, 1991–92 (HALS 2) [computer file], Colchester, The Data Archive [distributor], 30 January 1995, SN: 3279. Cyert, R. M., and March, J. G. (1963), A Behavioural Theory of the Firm, Cambridge, Blackwell. Hodgson, G. M. (n.d.), ‘Notes on Habits, Institutions and Evolution’, Judge Institute of Management Studies, University of Cambridge (mimeo). Hodgson, G. M. (1997), ‘The ubiquity of habits and rules’, Cambridge

in Innovation by demand
Institutionalized gesture politics?
Joy C. Kwesiga

from time to time. Specific attention to women was through the Department of Community Development, which worked through a network of Community Development Clubs, descending to grassroots levels. Through Community Centres, mainly at county and sometimes sub-county levels, women were trained in traditional women-related skills: basic hygiene, good nutrition, skills in production of better handicrafts and, sometimes, adult literacy. With the decline of the Ugandan economy and civil strife in the 1970s and early 1980s, the Community Centres lacked finances, became run

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Debates and evidence
Hugh Atkinson

evidence reveals a complex and sometimes contradictory picture. Research published by the Power Inquiry, the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)-funded Citizen Audit of Britain and the Department of Communities and Local Government (CLG) Citizenship Survey, highlights the myriad of political activity (much of it considered outside the formal realm) at both local and national level in Britain. Work by the Joseph Rowntree Trust (JRT) in a case study of two northern towns presents a somewhat mixed picture, but it too highlights the range of activity taking place at

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Diaspora for development?
Mark Boyle, Rob Kitchin and Delphine Ancien

, but it also serves to promote Ireland and Irish-mindedness. Ciste na Gaeilge of the Irish Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs is a fund which supports the teaching of Irish at third institutions outside of Ireland. Students sit the TEG (European Certificate) examinations upon completing the course, and the most successful students are provided with scholarships to intensive summer courses in Carraroe, Co. Galway. A different type of scheme is that run by the Aisling Return to Ireland Project, financed under the Emigrant Support Programme, which

in Migrations
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The Community Workers’ Co-operative
Joe Larragy

pyrrhic victory: The Community Workers’ Co-­operative 149 as later reflected in the CWC’s own review, control of RAPID was split and shunted between three line departments before settling in the Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs (DCRAGA), and the oversight structures were very complicated.19 In contrast to this the CWC model had sought devolution of budgets to the community sector, stating: ‘Budgets should be made available to independent national community work organisations such as the Community Workers’ Co-­op, to build community capacity and

in Asymmetric engagement
Rob Manwaring

translated into other political systems and contexts. For example, many have been optimistic about the use of ­‘participatory budgeting’ (PB) in Porto Allegro, Brazil (Wiseman 2004).6 Perhaps characteristically, Gordon Brown was more interested in this agenda than Blair, with 22 PB pilots set up in Britain in 2008 under the oversight of the Department of Communities and Local Government (Ministry of Justice 2008). Yet such initiatives were undermined by the impact of the MPs’ expenses scandal, where in more extreme cases the expense claims dwarfed many of the PB funds

in The search for democratic renewal