infrastructures by centralizing efforts in one specific Reich
authority, by promoting academic research outside the universities,
and by supporting young scholars.
The newly founded Notgemeinschaft der deutschen
Wissenschaften (Emergency Society for German Science) – later
the DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft – came to fulfill this
identity-building function during the interwar period by
Many questions present themselves when considering the historical relationship between anthropology and empire following the Scramble for Africa. These include the extent of imperial fortunes in Africa, rising and falling with officials' knowledge of the people under their jurisdiction. This book looks at the institutional frameworks of anthropology, and shows that the colonial project to order Africa, intellectually and politically, was a messy and not-so comprehensive endeavor. It first considers the roles of metropolitan researchers and institutes such as the colonial ethnographers active in French West Africa, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in Berlin, and the British-based International Institute of African Languages and Cultures. The book deals with the role of African ethnograpghers for their study on African teaching assistants and schoolmasters-cum-ethnographers, and the study of Jomo Kenyatta's journey to produce Facing Mount Kenya. Swiss missionaries undertook discovery and domestication first on European soil before it was transferred to African soils and societies. Primordial imagination at work in equatorial Africa is discussed through an analysis of Fang ethnographies, and the infertility scares among Mongo in the Belgian Congo is contrasted with the Nzakara in the French Congo. Once colonial rule had been imposed, administrators and imperial managers were often forced to consider those judicial and social rules that had governed Africans' lives and had predated colonialism. Studies of Italian Northeast Africa, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and French West Africa reveal the uneven ways in which ethnographic knowledge was pursued and applied in this respect.
3 ‘Gain of function’ refers to a much broader set of research than that which raises
biosecurity concerns – see NSABB (2016: 5, Box 1).
BBSRC (Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council), MRC (Medical
Research Council) and Wellcome Trust (2015), ‘Position Statement on dual use
research of concern and research misuse’, https://wellcome.ac.uk/sites/default/
files/wtp059491.pdf (last accessed 8 October 2016).
DFG [DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft] and Leopoldina (2014), Scientific Freedom and
Scientific Responsibility: Recommendations for
Patzold, Sebastian Schmidt-Hofner and the DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft Center for Advanced Studies 2496, ‘Migration and Mobility in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages’, in Tübingen, for hosting me as a fellow.
J. Wahl, G. Cipollini, V. Coia, M. Francken, K. Harvati-Papatheodorou, M.-R. Kim, F. Maixner, N. O’Sullivan, T. Douglas Price, D. Quast, N. Speith and A. Zink, ‘Neue Erkenntnisse zur frühmittelalterlichen
, among other works,
Geschichtsschreibung als Legitimationswissenschaft: 1918–1945, ed. by Peter
Schöttler (Frankfurt am Main, 1997), Notker Hammerstein, Die DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft in der Weimarer Republik und im Dritten Reich:
Wissenschaftspolitik in Republik und Diktatur 1920–1945 (Munich, 1999),
Notker Hammerstein, ‘National Socialism and the German Universities’,
History of Universities, 18:1 (2003), and Mitchell G. Ash, ‘Politicizing
“Normal Science” in Nazi Germany’, H-Net Book Review, http://www.hnet.org/ (accessed 15 February 2016). During the last
Practice, institutionalization and disciplinary context of history of
medicine in Germany
Ylva Söderfeldt and Matthis Krischel
represent excellence in research, but only excellence in
acquiring external funding.
In response to Kühl, the president of the German Research Foundation
(DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft, DFG) Peter Strohschneider has remarked that
he sees funding of German universities by individual states, as opposed to the
federal government, as part of the problem. The federal government is paying
increasingly large sums of money
Agata Dziuban, Eugen Januschke, Ulrike Klöppel, Todd Sekuler, and Justyna Struzik
1990er Jahren in Deutschland’) (AKPMD)
project is funded by the German Research Foundation (DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft) (DFG-GZ BI 1353/8–1, project duration
from 1 December 2017 to 30 November 2020).
Video interview with Stephen Dressler, conducted
in Berlin on 3 July 2018 (in English), available in the
(RO): Alison Stringer, Alan Weaver, Peter Foster and Margaret Hanly
Locating sickness and medical welfare
were ROs for the Wellcome Grants; Richard Biddle and John Glennie
were ROs for the British Academy project; Peter Jones, Steven Taylor,
Richard Gilbert, Richard Dyson and Jane Rowling were ROs on the
99 Langton, ‘The geography of poor relief ’. Steve Hindle, On the Parish?,
pp. 282–94, also refers to the ecology of poor relief as a vehicle for linking
variation in poor law practice to intensely local
nuclear test films’ imaginings
of a future nuclear war a quasi-corporeal existence.
The research for this chapter was conducted as part of the research project ‘Die Wissensräume der ballistischen Photo- und Kinematographie’,
funded by the DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft (project NO 916/2-1).
1 B. Mielke, ‘Rhetoric and ideology in the nuclear test documentary’, Film
Quarterly, 58:3 (2005), pp. 28–37, p. 29.
2 A. Winkler, Life Under a Cloud: American Anxiety About the Atom (New York
and Oxford, 1993), p. 114.
3 A. C. Titus, ‘Back to ground zero
colonialism, although both remain central themes, to incorporate broader
structural and institutional dynamics. In the book’s first section
on metropolitan agendas, for instance, the authors consider the
heterogeneous roles played by specific research institutes, including
one, the DeutscheForschungsgemeinschaft (the German Research
Foundation, DFG), that was established in the period after