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Bridging Ethical Divides in Digital Refugee Livelihoods
Evan Easton-Calabria

Introduction Humanitarian efforts to foster digital work for refugees is a rising phenomenon. Ranging from basic digital literacy courses to long-term ICT trainings and tailored support to obtain online consulting work, often through digital work platforms, a range of international and national actors are working in this area (Easton-Calabria and Hackl, in this issue). Alongside humanitarian organisations such as the World Food Programme and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Digital Skills Training and the Systematic Exclusion of Refugees in Lebanon
Rabih Shibli
Sarah Kouzi

crisis ( Khawaja, 2011 ) and their alleged contribution to the Lebanese civil war (1975–90). With no safe place to go back to, Syrian refugees succumb to restrictive Lebanese measures such as the ones limiting their right to work in only three sectors: agriculture, construction and cleaning services. This field report examines the impact and limitations faced by a digital skills training programme that aimed to meet the livelihoods and employment needs of Syrian refugees and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Clare Wilkinson
Emma Weitkamp

create their own digital projects. It is now relatively easy to create a website or other presence for your research on the internet, allowing researchers to become publishers of their own content, though other approaches, such as app development, may require specialist skills and interdisciplinary collaboration. Much of the growth in digital public engagement projects comes about because it is now so much easier to create and share content on the web, using what are now commonly referred to as Web 2.0 technologies. Web 2.0, a term first coined by DiNucci in

in Creative research communication
The Future of Work among the Forcibly Displaced
Evan Easton-Calabria
Andreas Hackl

focuses on the nexus of displacement with another emerging global phenomenon: the changing nature of work. Digitalisation and the digital economy are at the forefront of these transformations. This includes online gig work and how innovations in technology, artificial intelligence (AI), and robotics are driving forward rapid changes in most fields of work. Economies are increasingly becoming digital and web-based, reshaping labour markets and employment

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Amanda Alencar
Julia Camargo

entrepreneur, Adriana attributes to the smartphone her possibilities to access information resources and social networks that enable her to sustain a source of income, especially considering the lack of employment opportunities and precarious conditions in the host country. Over the past few decades, digital forms of employability or the so-called digital economy has been seen as a window for economic development ( Wahome and Graham, 2020 : 1123). Discourses around it are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A beginner’s guide to working with text as data

This book offers a practical introduction to digital history with a focus on working with text. It will benefit anyone who is considering carrying out research in history that has a digital or data element and will also be of interest to researchers in related fields within digital humanities, such as literary or classical studies. It offers advice on the scoping of a project, evaluation of existing digital history resources, a detailed introduction on how to work with large text resources, how to manage digital data and how to approach data visualisation. After placing digital history in its historiographical context and discussing the importance of understanding the history of the subject, this guide covers the life-cycle of a digital project from conception to digital outputs. It assumes no prior knowledge of digital techniques and shows you how much you can do without writing any code. It will give you the skills to use common formats such as plain text and XML with confidence. A key message of the book is that data preparation is a central part of most digital history projects, but that work becomes much easier and faster with a few essential tools.

Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

more significant aspect of this incident was the condemnation of the tweet and its sender, and her explanation that the photo was ‘six years old’. While public criticism focused on the power gap between humanitarians and refugees, this incident is noteworthy because it marks the appearance of a new phenomenon in international aid and global governance: children’s digital bodies

in Humanitarian extractivism
Barrie Gunter

4 Children and digital branding The popularity of online digital media as a marketing platform has surpassed the advance of research designed to inform our understanding of how this medium works and how effective it can be at delivering results in the marketplace. Industry research has generated surface level market statistics that profile internet traffic linked to brands, but what do consumers really make of this type of marketing and how responsive are they to it? In the context of the theme being examined here, what are the implications of brand marketing in

in Kids and branding in a digital world
A multimodal reading of archived London-French blogs
Saskia Huc-Hepher

performed in this technologically enabled but ontologically enacted in-between space, bridging – to a certain extent – France–London, physical–digital and private–public dichotomies (Collins, 2009 ). Rather than illustrating a cleft habitus (Bourdieu, 2004 ), I posit that the culturo-digital representations gesture towards hybridity (Hall, 1990; Huc-Hepher, 2016 ; Ponzanesi, 2019 ). Through the prism of my triadic habitat-habituation-habits conception of habitus, I argue that formal transformations common to the blogs, be they visual, textual or typographical, are

in French London
Jonathan Blaney
Sarah Milligan
Marty Steer
, and
Jane Winters

As we noted in the Introduction, nothing dates as quickly as predictions about the future. Consequently, we will focus here on identifying general directions of travel rather than new tools, technologies and methods. In general, we see the future of digital history as one of gradual evolution and embedding rather than of revolution and disruption. Digital methods will be more widely adopted as we gain greater access to more digital primary sources, and well-established digital tools are likely to become easier to use for a large number of researchers. This may

in Doing digital history