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A theory of distributive justice for the European Union
Author: João Labareda

This highly original book constitutes one of the first attempts to examine the problem of distributive justice in the EU in a systematic manner. The author starts by arguing that the set of shared political institutions at EU level, including the European Parliament and the Court of Justice of the EU, generate democratic duties of redistribution amongst EU citizens. Furthermore, he claims that the economic structure of the EU, comprising a common market, a common currency, and a free-movement area, triggers duties of reciprocity amongst member states. He contends that the responsibilities to fulfil these duties should be shared by three levels of government – local, national, and supranational. More specifically, he argues that the EU should act as a safety net to the national welfare systems, applying the principle of subsidiarity. In turn, the common market and the Eurozone should balance efficiency targets with distributive concerns. Concrete policy proposals presented in this book include a threshold of basic goods for all EU citizens, an EU Labour Code, a minimum EU corporate tax rate, and an EU Fund for Global Competitiveness. These proposals are thoroughly examined from the standpoint of feasibility. The author argues that his proposals fit in the political culture of the member states, are economically feasible, can be translated into functioning institutions and policies, and are consistent with the limited degree of social solidarity in Europe. This book is a major contribution to the understanding of how a just Europe would look and what it takes to get us there.

The case of the South Caucasus
Kevork Oskanian and Derek Averre

expectations of a democratic peace emerging in the South Caucasus through external efforts are justified in light of the considerable literature on the causal links between democracy and peace and on the validity of the theory in ‘partially democratised’ states and regions. Subsequent sections then critically assesses the long-term prospects for EU democracy promotion in this part of the former Soviet Union in view of the empirical realities at the regional and domestic levels. An additional section then examines the prospects for the EU’s democracy promoting policies in

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
Social and cultural modernity beyond the nation-state
Author: Shivdeep Grewal

German philosopher Jürgen Habermas has written extensively on the European Union. This is the only in-depth account of his project. Published now in a second edition to coincide with the celebration of his ninetieth birthday, a new preface considers Habermas’s writings on the eurozone and refugee crises, populism and Brexit, and the presidency of Emmanuel Macron.

Placing an emphasis on the conception of the EU that informs Habermas’s political prescriptions, the book is divided into two main parts. The first considers the unfolding of 'social modernity' at the level of the EU. Among the subjects covered are Habermas's concept of juridification, the latter's affinities with integration theories such as neofunctionalism, and the application of Habermas's democratic theory to the EU. The second part addresses 'cultural modernity' in Europe – 'Europessimism' is argued to be a subset of the broader cultural pessimism that assailed the project of modernity in the late twentieth century, and with renewed intensity in the years since 9/11.

Interdisciplinary in approach, this book engages with European/EU studies, critical theory, political theory, international relations, intellectual history, comparative literature, and philosophy. Concise and clearly written, it will be of interest to students, scholars and professionals with an interest in these disciplines, as well as to a broader readership concerned with the future of Europe

Normative power or realist interests?
Gordon Crawford

otherwise. It is also significant that there is no allocation to non-­state actors in either Chad or the CAR, and therefore no support to civil society groups who may play a key role in democratisation processes and highlighting human rights abuses. With reference to Table 8.2, it can be stated with confidence that democracy and human rights support constitutes a small proportion of the total ‘governance and NSA support’ in many cases. Euro-­Mediterranean Partnership and European Neighbourhood Policy There is a degree of consensus amongst analysts that EU democracy

in The European Union in Africa
Open Access (free)
Alex Warleigh

’ and the THE EUROPEAN UNION 189 ‘international’. First, however, it is necessary to examine the context in which EU democratization must be undertaken. Framing the issue: EU democracy as a quadruple balancing act Democratization of the EU is a very complex and unusual process. As a transnational system, the Union is unlikely to be suited to the straightforward application of models based on the nation-state, requiring instead innovations in the theory and practice of democratic governance (Schmitter 2000). Additionally, reformers must recognize that the EU is

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Abstract only
Shivdeep Grewal

discerned in the spheres of personal and cultural life. The second section deals with the sluice gate model. Against his critics, Habermas has argued that a demos, as generally understood, is not a precondition for EU democracy. Other conceptions of democracy are considered in the third section. The siege model The lifeworld, according to Habermas, has three structural components: ‘culture’, ‘society’ and ‘personality’ (Habermas, 1995 : 153). In speaking of culture, Habermas refers back to the phenomenological approaches

in Habermas and European integration
Abstract only
Shivdeep Grewal

precondition for EU democracy. Other conceptions of democracy are considered in the third section. The siege model The lifeworld, according to Habermas, has three structural components: ‘culture’, ‘society’ and ‘personality’ (Habermas, 1995: 153). In speaking of culture, Habermas refers back to the phenomenological approaches of Husserl and Schutz, where the term denotes the ‘stock of knowledge from which participants in communication supply themselves with interpretations as they come to an understanding about something in the world’ (Habermas, 1995: 138). Yet, he

in Habermas and European Integration (second edition)
João Labareda

gradual process. 28 In this sense, feelings of belonging and civic friendship have often been the outcome, rather than the origin, of a political community. For these reasons, the prospects of an EU democracy should not be dismissed too quickly on the grounds of a static and nation-state biased “no demos ” thesis. 29 In recent years, a number of scholarly accounts have conceptualized democracy and citizenship in a context of multiple levels of government. Amongst the existing frameworks, demoicracy and multilevel citizenship are of particular interest for my

in Towards a just Europe
Abstract only
Katy Hayward

-state Nation Territory State Traditional narrative of nation-state Traditional model of nation-state Historical culture Distinct people Demarcated boundaries Island Selfdetermination Sovereignty Summary of approach to European Union using ‘traditional’ themes National identity forms building block of EU National territory redeemed through integration National democracy central to EU democracy Summary of approach to Northern Ireland using‘ new’ themes Diversity in unity Decreasing significance of partition Collaborative institutions New model of European Union

in Irish nationalism and European integration
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control
Pierluigi Musarò

. 1 – 18 . 14 M. Kurki , ‘ Democracy Through Technocracy? Reflections on Technocratic Assumptions in EU Democracy Promotion Discourse ’, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding , 5 : 2 ( 2011 ), p. 216 . 15 P. Shields , ‘ The Human Cost of

in Global humanitarianism and media culture