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Harold L. Smith

11 Education The 1944 Education Act is often cited as the most important reform legislation actually introduced during the war. But it achieved neither of the goals reform proponents desired: equality of opportunity and increased technical education. Although the 1938 Spens Report claimed improved technical education was crucial to reviving the British economy, the Act allowed, but did not require, local government to take action. Because it was permissive rather than compulsory, the Act has been described as merely 'an opened gate to an empty construction site

in Britain in the Second World War
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Education 4 ➤ The background to education after World War II ➤ The principles of the 1944 Education Act ➤ The change to comprehensive schooling ➤ Analysis of Conservative policy in the 1980s ➤ The importance of the 1988 Education Act ➤ The effects of the National Curriculum, testing and league tables ➤ New Labour policies on education Until World War II the involvement of the state in British education has been variable and, at times, has even seemed reluctant. Being fundamentally a liberal culture, there has been a fear that state intervention might

in Understanding British and European political issues
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Bernadette C. Hayes
Ian McAllister

How educational systems operate in divided societies is an increasingly important question for conflict resolution. Traditionally seen as an institution which reflects social differences, more recent views of education are that it has the capacity to generate significant social change, by identifying sources of conflict and by developing strategies to ameliorate them. As a result

in Conflict to peace
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Public good or finishing school?
Robert Chernomas
Ian Hudson
, and
Mark Hudson

Introduction Since you are presumably actually reading this book, and not merely scanning its pages before settling it on your shelves, nestled between Ayn Rand's Fountainhead and Dan Brown's DaVinci Code , to impress visitors, it is probably safe to assume that literacy, and even numeracy, are not overwhelming obstacles in your daily life. Imagine if that were not the case. Imagine not being able to read street signs, drug prescriptions or even a ballot. A National Center for Education Statistics adult

in Neoliberal lives
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Philip Begley

A remote utopian ideal Education was one of the most important and most divisive issues in British politics during the 1970s. It may also have been the one area of policy in which there was such a coherent, persistent and persuasive campaign to bring about a fundamental re-thinking in Britain. If the 1960s had been dominated by progressive conceptions of bringing about a fairer and more open society, then by the following decade these had been overthrown by reactionary concerns about simply improving standards and getting value for money. 1

in The making of Thatcherism
The Common Sense Group

Chapter in 30 seconds Britain’s education system frequently fails to produce the outcomes we need. Our children are seldom equipped with the skills necessary for the challenges they will face across their lives. In the state school sector, there is an obsession with a small number of subjects to the detriment of the diversity of experience and

in Act now
Dominique Marshall

Introduction One of the goals of the photographers hired by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) during the 1990s and 2000s was to create images for the education of children and youth. For twenty years, CIDA sent these reproductions of images to schools in a multitude of formats, from magazines to videos, slide shows, games, picture books, and maps, produced in collaboration with academic specialists in education and the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). The attention and resources the international agency invested in the dissemination

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Caitriona Clear

4883 Social Change PT bjl.qxd 13/6/07 11:07 Page 42 3 Education Introduction The French word éducation refers to all aspects of a person’s upbringing, including the formal acquisition of knowledge. The world of schooling in the nineteenth century cannot be understood without appreciating that going to school made up only part of children’ s ‘education’, and whether this was a small or a large part (or no part at all) depended largely on family priorities. Almost all children (except those in rich families) were trained to help around the house, business

in Social change and everyday life in Ireland 1850–1922
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Policy and practice in Northern Ireland
Jennifer Hamilton
Fiona Bloomer
, and
Michael Potter

4 Traveller education: policy and practice in Northern Ireland Jennifer Hamilton, Fiona Bloomer and Michael Potter This chapter addresses the ways in which social exclusion, ­discrimination and disadvantage are experienced by the Traveller community in Northern Ireland with respect specifically to education. Drawing on empirical research, it evaluates the adequacy and effectiveness of primary-level education from the perspective of Travellers, and assesses the broader policy context for Traveller educational provision in Northern Ireland, providing some insights

in Tolerance and diversity in Ireland, North and South
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Promise and paralysis
Adrian O’Connor

2 National education: promise and paralysis In April 1762, when the Parlement of Paris ordered the Society of Jesus to relinquish control of the thirty-eight collèges it administered within the Parlement’s jurisdiction, it set off a tremendous debate about the purpose, personnel, and politics of French education. When, four months later, the Parlement expelled the Jesuits altogether and, two years after that, Louis XV expelled the order from all of France, it became apparent that the debate over education would become national in scope and that it would require

in In pursuit of politics