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‘Are you a closet bigot?’
Alexandra Parsons

commitment to speaking out, activism and political action to redress inequalities. 3 This chapter discusses the role of the text Queer Edward II , which was published alongside the release of Jarman's film adaptation of Christopher Marlowe's Edward II in the early summer of 1991. The inscription states that the book is ‘ dedicated to: the repeal of all anti-gay laws, particularly Section 28 ’, and the book is far more than a published script to complement the

in Luminous presence

This book presents key texts relating to the political as well as to the broader socio-economic history of the reign of Edward II. Drawing on a wide range of narrative sources, especially the extensive chronicle accounts of the reign, the editors also introduce other important material, including parliamentary rolls, charters, court records and accounts. Together this gathering of sources allows the reader to navigate this troubled and eventful period in English medieval history. The volume is organised chronologically, guiding the reader from the moment of Edward II’s accession in 1307 until his removal from office in 1327 and his supposed death in the same year. The editors also introduce more thematic chapters throughout, addressing such key themes as royal finances and the state of the early fourteenth-century economy, the role of parliament, and political and military engagement with Scotland. In an introductory essay, the editors discuss previous historical work directed at the reign of Edward II and also outline the range of source types available to the historian of the reign. Each section of primary source is also introduced by the editors, who offer a contextual analysis in each instance.

Kent’s plot, the pope strenuously denied that he had any belief that Edward was living. 6 Most modern historians have been equally sceptical, but the rumour that Edward escaped abroad lives on. Two elements in this survival story can be dismissed. It is clear that the alleged tomb of Edward II in Italy was far earlier than the fourteenth century and it is extremely unlikely that William de Galeys

in The reign of Edward II, 1307–27
Rowland Wymer

Jarman nearly died in the spring of 1990 when AIDS-related infections attacked his liver, lungs, stomach, and eyes. This close encounter with death left him determined to achieve as much as possible artistically in the short time left to him and one of his major goals was to make a film of Christopher Marlowe’s Elizabethan play Edward II . Since the late 1980s, as he had become angrier and angrier

in Derek Jarman
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
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opposition needed justification by law, precedent and legitimation all saw significant development. Edward I’s new revenues were consolidated under Edward II; financial administration was improved; the increasing frequency of parliament brought in its wake more regular procedures and the growing importance of the commons. The strong need for legitimisation of actions encouraged public statements and sometimes

in The reign of Edward II, 1307–27

Introduction After his success at Boroughbridge and the annulment of the Ordinances, Edward II was back in control of his kingdom. In 1321–2, despite dislike of the Despensers, it was clear that the majority of Edward’s subjects were not yet prepared to rebel against their anointed king and, with care, a return to stability might have been possible. Two things, however

in The reign of Edward II, 1307–27
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that ‘through lack of good government he has lost the realm of Scotland’. 1 While this was an over-statement, given Edward I had not secured Scotland before his death, it did reflect a widely held view that Edward II had lost the initiative in Scotland. When his father, Edward I, died at Burgh-upon-Sands whilst on campaign against the Scots in July 1307, Edward’s first

in The reign of Edward II, 1307–27
Denis Flannery

what follows, I argue that Hollinghurst’s first translation of Racine is part of an historical moment where one of the most historically conscious and significant of playwrights was used and adapted at a time that both prided itself on the termination of history as a category even as it sensed new forms of historical pressure. A Racine who was not too blinded by the odd wave of recognition that 1990 brought might have noticed echoes of his Bajazet in the work of the director Derek Jarman, whose 1991 film adaptation of Christopher Marlowe’s Edward II (1593) echoed

in Alan Hollinghurst
Simon Walker

unusually rich in one further group of candidates for sanctity, the ‘political’ saints; men whose claim to sanctity rested initially, and more or less exclusively, on their violent deaths in the course of a political conflict. The principal representatives of this group, who will receive more detailed attention in this paper, are well known: Simon de Montfort (died 1265), Thomas of Lancaster (died 1322), Edward II (died 1327), Richard Scrope, archbishop of York (died 1405), Henry VI (died 1471). It should not be forgotten, however, that there are other figures who fall

in Political culture in later medieval England