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Empires and imperial formations
Clare Anderson

6 After emancipation: empires and imperial formations Clare Anderson1 This chapter will explore the relationship between enslavement, emancipation and the larger labour history of the British imperial world. Drawing on my area of specialism – convict transportation in the Indian Ocean world – I will suggest that slavery was part of a continuum of unfree work practices that spanned empire, and that empire’s variously staggered emancipations were moments that laid the ground for the production of new coerced labour forms. Enslavement, emancipation, coercion and

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world

Slavery and the slavery business have cast a long shadow over British history. In 1833, abolition was heralded as evidence of Britain's claim to be themodern global power, its commitment to representative government in Britain, free labour, the rule of law, and a benevolent imperial mission all aspects of a national identity rooted in notions of freedom and liberty. Yet much is still unknown about the significance of the slavery, slave-ownership and emancipation in the formation of modern imperial Britain. This essays in this book explore fundamental issues including the economic impact of slavery and slave-ownership, the varied forms of labour deployed in the imperial world, including hired slaves and indentured labourers, the development of the C19th imperial state, slavery and public and family history, and contemporary debates about reparations. The contributors, drawn from Britain, the Caribbean and Mauritius, include some of the most distinguished writers in the field: Clare Anderson, Robin Blackburn, Heather Cateau, Mary Chamberlain, Chris Evans, Pat Hudson, Richard Huzzey, Zoë Laidlaw, Alison Light, Anita Rupprecht, Verene A. Shepherd, Andrea Stuart and Vijaya Teelock. The impact of slavery and slave-ownership is once again becoming a major area of historical and contemporary concern: this book makes a vital contribution to the subject.

Chris Evans

3 Slavery and Welsh industry before and after emancipation Chris Evans What did slavery and slave-generated wealth contribute to Welsh industrialisation? And to what extent can the compensation records of the 1830s assist us in answering that question? These two questions beg a third: what exactly was the Industrial Revolution in Wales? That is not easily determined. For one thing, the historiography of Welsh industrialisation is strikingly thin. For those wanting an overview, A. H. John’s The Industrial Development of South Wales, 1750–1850, first published in

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
The role(s) of the military in Southeast Asia
Alex J. Bellamy and Bryn Hughes

of armed force in the region has been to protect states and regimes from internal opponents rather than external aggressors. Focusing on the military’s role in projecting force externally also obscures some of the political and socio-economic functions that they perform which may contain within them immanent possibilities for reform and emancipation. These immanent possibilities

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
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Freedom, laissez-faire and the state after Britain’s abolition of slavery
Richard Huzzey

8 Concepts of liberty: freedom, laissez-faire and the state after Britain’s abolition of slavery Richard Huzzey1 In 1830, an article in the Monthly Repository argued that ‘the proper use of government is to teach men the true enjoyment of their liberties’. The ‘men’ in this declaration were slave-holders, and the ‘true enjoyment of their liberties’ meant ‘such a degree of restraint as is necessary to prevent them from infringing on the rights of others’ – in other words, a state-enforced abolition of slavery.2 The author hoped West Indian emancipation would

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
Scripts for slavery’s endings
Anita Rupprecht

4 From slavery to indenture: scripts for slavery’s endings Anita Rupprecht Having arrived in Jamaica as one of the Special Magistrates sent from England to oversee the passing of the 1833 Emancipation Act, Richard Madden observed that, the late change which has taken place in the condition of the negro population of these islands, must necessarily lead to great alterations in the mode of managing plantations. It requires as little knowledge of human nature, as of political economy, to be assured that no man will labour without reward, who can avoid it. Hitherto

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
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Indigenous dispossession in British history and history writing
Zoë Laidlaw

7 Imperial complicity: indigenous dispossession in British history and history writing Zoë Laidlaw In the wake of the anti-slavery successes of the 1830s, a disjuncture appeared in Britain’s empire – between, on the one hand, the nation’s demonstrated commitment to abolition and emancipation and, on the other, its lacklustre and meagre attempts to protect the Empire’s indigenous peoples. This cleavage affected both what happened across the Empire and the ways that historians have written about it. Although historians have paid its consequences insufficient

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
An overview
Verene A. Shepherd

before emancipation in 1865 was 453,000. However, by 1800, it is estimated that the black population in North America was 1,002,000.13 The annual increase (excess of births over deaths) in the black population in North America was therefore far greater than the increase in the enslaved population as a result of newly arrived Africans – the inverse of the trend we see in Jamaica. If the demographic experience in North America had been similar to that of the British West Indian colonies, the North American black population would have been 186,000 in 1800.14 So why did

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
Heather Cateau

enslavement period. The final death toll would come with emancipation in 1838. A changed operational context: free labour after 1838 Many planters complained about the loss of labourers from the plantations after emancipation. However, Douglas Hall has reconsidered this view and has reassessed the true causes, as well as the extent of, what has been termed the ‘flight from the estates’. Hall shows that several factors contributed to a changed operational context, but the estates were not abandoned from a sudden loss of labourers seeking to get as far away from the

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
Slavery, market revolution and Atlantic capitalism
Robin Blackburn

the slaves much earlier, they could have constructed a more humane model, based on voluntary migration and cooperative or individual landownership, with generous credit and commodity price-stabilisation boards; then supplies of sugar, cotton and coffee would have been forthcoming. Or if, following 22 slavery , market revolution and atlantic   capitalism an earlier emancipation, compensation had gone to the direct producers and to road-building and education, this would have helped to give a post-emancipation free labour regime a flying start. Likewise, recognition

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world