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Two contemporary accounts of Martin Luther

This book presents a contemporary, eyewitness account of the life of Martin Luther translated into English. Johannes Cochlaeus (1479–1552) was present in the great hall at the Diet of Worms on April 18, 1521 when Luther made his famous declaration before Emperor Charles V: ‘Here I stand. I can do no other. God help me. Amen’. Afterward, Cochlaeus sought Luther out, met him at his inn, and privately debated with him. Luther wrote of Cochlaeus, ‘may God long preserve this most pious man, born to guard and teach the Gospel of His church, together with His word, Amen’. However, the confrontation left Cochlaeus convinced that Luther was an impious and malevolent man. Over the next twnety-five years, Cochlaeus barely escaped the Peasant's War with his life. He debated with Melanchthon and the reformers of Augsburg. It was Cochlaeus who conducted the authorities to the clandestine printing press in Cologne, where William Tyndale was preparing the first English translation of the New Testament (1525). For an eyewitness account of the Reformation—and the beginnings of the Catholic Counter-Reformation—no other historical document matches the first-hand experience of Cochlaeus. After Luther's death, it was rumoured that demons seized the reformer on his death-bed and dragged him off to Hell. In response to these rumours, Luther's friend and colleague Philip Melanchthon wrote and published a brief encomium of the reformer in 1548. Cochlaeus consequently completed and published his monumental life of Luther in 1549.

Open Access (free)
Elizabeth Vandiver
Ralph Keen
, and
Thomas D. Frazel

Charles V: ‘Here I 1 2 Introduction stand. I can do no other. God help me. Amen.’ Afterward, Cochlaeus sought out Luther, met him, and debated with him. Luther recalled their confrontation with patience; he wrote of Cochlaeus, ‘may God long preserve this most pious man, born to guard and teach the Gospel for His church, together with His word, Amen.’ 4 But the encounter left Cochlaeus deeply embittered, and convinced that Luther was an impious and malevolent man. When Luther published his September Bible (1522) and gave the Germans the New Testament in vernacular

in Luther’s lives
Philip M. Taylor

their own subjects from a foreign pope. Following the Diet of Worms in 1521, which denounced Lutheran heresy, both Pope and Emperor were committed to fight Protestantism by every means open to them, including persecution and violence. That the Emperor Charles V was not always able to give the heresy his undivided attention was due to the sheer geographical extent of his empire and the troubles he faced on various fronts, from France in the west to the Ottoman empire in the east. Meanwhile, Luther took refuge in the Word. As Professor Elton has written: If there is a

in Munitions of the Mind
Abstract only
Élodie Lecuppre-Desjardin

lead to unity behind one man, one idea, one destiny. Were the dukes of Burgundy responsible for this lack of unifying bonds? Did they fail to construct a composite state? The answer, which has already been put forward in the course of this book, is clearly ‘no’, insofar as they had no desire to proceed in this direction in the first place. The dukes of Burgundy were above all princes of their time, and in that they were neither ‘modern’ nor archaic. Of course, they were the heirs of a culture which made the Emperor Charles V

in The illusion of the Burgundian state
Open Access (free)
Baconian rhetoric and the New Atlantis
Sarah Hutton

out westwards from the Pillars of Hercules in pursuit of true philosophy. Bacon’s choice of metaphor was never accidental; judicious, even forensic, would be more apt descriptions.17 His reworking of this particular image has further connotations: as other critics have noted, the Pillars of Hercules are an image of power. They were the centre-piece of an emblem used by the Emperor Charles V, ruler of much of Europe and the Americas.18 The imperial connotations of this image were clear to sixteenth-century commentators whose ‘happie conquest of the West Indies’, as

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis
Abstract only
Philip M. Taylor

invasion of Italy as the prelude to a new crusade against the Turks following the collapse of Constantinople in 1452. But this was merely propaganda: his real aim was conquest, wrapped in the disguise of his dynastic claim to Naples. But the idea of the ‘just war’ persisted. So did chivalric notions of battle. Charles VIII’s successors, Louis XII and Francis I (151547), inherited his dynastic claims. Francis I was actually captured by the Emperor Charles V (1519-56) at the battle of Pavia in 1525, ransomed, and released a year later by his arch enemy. As late as 1535

in Munitions of the Mind
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The material and visual culture of the Stuart Courts, 1589–1619

This book analyses Anna of Denmark’s material and visual patronage at the Stuart courts, examining her engagement with a wide array of expressive media including architecture, garden design, painting, music, dress, and jewellery. Encompassing Anna’s time in Denmark, England, and Scotland, it establishes patterns of interest and influence in her agency, while furthering our knowledge of Baltic-British transfer in the early modern period. Substantial archival work has facilitated a formative re-conceptualisation of James and Anna’s relationship, extended our knowledge of the constituents of consortship in the period, and has uncovered evidence to challenge the view that Anna followed the cultural accomplishments of her son, Prince Henry. This book reclaims Anna of Denmark as the influential and culturally active royal woman that her contemporaries knew. Combining politics, culture, and religion across the courts of Denmark, Scotland, and England, it enriches our understanding of royal women’s roles in early modern patriarchal societies and their impact on the development of cultural modes and fashions. This book will be of interest to upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses on early modern Europe in the disciplines of Art and Architectural History, English Literature, Theatre Studies, History, and Gender Studies. It will also attract a wide range of academics working on early modern material and visual culture, and female patronage, while members of the public who enjoy the history of courts and the British royals will also find it distinctively appealing.

The construction of Antwerp’s antique past
Edward Wouk

Semini and his progeny: the construction of Antwerp’s antique past1 10 Edward Wouk In September 1549 the city of Antwerp staged an unprecedented triumphal entry to welcome the Habsburg Emperor Charles V and the future King Philip II, who were nearing the end of their long tour through the Empire.2 At every stop along the route of a carefully choreographed procession, spectacular classicising triumphal arches adorned with monumental paintings celebrating the flourishing of commerce and the arts in Antwerp greeted the emperor and his son. Despite the grandeur of

in Local antiquities, local identities
Peter Ernst von Mansfeld’s garden of antiquities in Clausen, Luxemburg, 1563–90
Krista De Jonge

.31 The earliest modern inscriptions in the garden, dated 1574 and located in the pavilions near the aviary garden, were in keeping with this,32 as was the official inscription on black marble placed above the main gate (dated 1590). PETER ERNST COUNT OF MANSFELD, GOVERNOR OF THE DUCHY OF LUXEMBURG AND THE COUNTY OF CHINY, KNIGHT OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE, MARSHALL OF THE ROYAL ARMY, SENATOR OF THE STATE COUNCIL, HAVING PASSED 56 YEARS IN THE SERVICE OF THE INVINCIBLE, AUGUST PRINCES, THE DIVINE EMPEROR CHARLES V AND THE CATHOLIC KING PHILIP 244 Z01_CdeD Book01_B

in Local antiquities, local identities
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Steven Hutchinson

and pursued an even more illustrious career, humiliating and outwitting the emperor Charles V and other Christian rulers on several occasions, commanding the Ottoman fleet, and much more. In 1545, while Hayreddin was still alive, the Spanish humanist historian Francisco López de Gómara wrote biographies of both brothers in his Crónica de los corsarios Barbarroja , aware (in the case of Hayreddin) that ‘it is hard to write the life of someone who is still not dead’ (13). But his unbounded admiration for Hayreddin inspired him to write the work, despite Hayreddin

in Frontier narratives