Comic empires is a unique collection of new research exploring the relationship
between imperialism and cartoons, caricature, and satirical art. Edited by
leading scholars across both fields, the volume provides new perspectives on
well-known events, and also illuminates little-known players in the ‘great game’
of empire. It contains contributions from noted as well as emerging experts.
Keren Zdafee and Stefanie Wichhart both examine Egypt (in the turbulent 1930s
and during the Suez Crisis, respectively); David Olds and Robert Phiddian
explore the decolonisation of cartooning in Australia from the 1960s. Fiona
Halloran, the foremost expert on Thomas Nast (1840–1902), examines his
engagement with US westward expansion. The overseas imperialism of the United
States is analysed by Albert D. Pionke and Frederick Whiting, as well as Stephen
Tuffnell. Shaoqian Zhang takes a close look at Chinese and Japanese
propagandising during the conflict of 1937–1945; and David Lockwood interrogates
the attitudes of David Low (1891–1963) towards British India. Some of the finest
comic art of the period is deployed as evidence, and examined seriously – in its
own right – for the first time. Readers will find cartoons on subjects as
diverse as the Pacific, Cuba, and Cyprus, from Punch, Judge, and Puck. Egyptian,
German, French, and Australian comic art also enriches this innovative
collection. Accessible to students of history at all levels, Comic empires is a
major addition to the world-leading ‘Studies in imperialism’ series, while
standing alone as an innovative and significant contribution to the ever-growing
field of comics studies.
they served. The
prima facie similarity of subject masked the multiplicity of
agendas busily at work in the texts. It has long been recognised that
one enterprise for which Livingstone was routinely marshalled was the
British Empire. 2 Imperial
endeavours were the ever-present subtext of numerous biographies, whose
authors re-presented his life, time and again, in order to have
MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 07/18/2013, SPi
EmpireEmpire and internationalism interacted in complex and conflicting ways.
They bore underlying resemblances in that their practices frequently contradicted their rhetoric about progress and idealism. Similar to internationalism,
empires used and created transnational networks; they drew upon expertise
that had been gained within the contexts of scientific and cultural exchange,
working with missionaries, explorers and scholars. While the unequal power
relations at the heart of empire are self
New Zealand’s Empire revises and expands received histories of empire and imperialism. In the study of the imperial past, both colonial and postcolonial approaches have often asserted the dualism of core and periphery, with New Zealand as on the ‘edge’ or as a ‘periphery’. This book critically revises and makes complex our understandings of the range of ways that New Zealand has played a role as an ‘imperial power’, including the cultural histories of New Zealand inside the British empire, engagements with imperial practices and notions of imperialism, the special significance of New Zealand in the Pacific region, and the circulation of the ideas of empire both through and inside New Zealand over time. It departs from earlier studies of both imperial and national histories by taking a new approach: seeing New Zealand as both powerful as an imperial envoy, and as having its own sovereign role in Pacific nations - as well as in Australia and Antarctica - but also through its examination of the manifold ways in which New Zealanders both look back at and comment on their relationships with the ‘empire’ over time. In separate essays that span social, cultural, political and economic history, contributors test the concept of ‘New Zealand’s Empire’, taking new directions in both historiographical and empirical research.
French rule in Algeria ended in 1962 following almost eight years of intensely violent conflict, producing one of the largest migratory waves of the post-1945 era. Almost a million French settlers - pieds-noirs - and tens of thousands of harkis - native auxiliaries who had fought with the French army - felt compelled to leave their homeland and cross the Mediterranean to France. Tracing the history of these two communities, From Empire to Exile explores the legacies of the Algerian War of Independence in France. It uses the long-standing grassroots collective mobilisation and memory activism undertaken by both groups to challenge the idea that this was a ‘forgotten’ war that only returned to public attention in the 1990s. Revealing the rich and dynamic interactions produced as pieds-noirs,harkis and other groups engaged with each other and with state-sanctioned narratives, this study demonstrates the fundamental ways in which postcolonial minorities have shaped the landscapes of French politics, society and culture since 1962. It also helps place the current ‘memory wars’ deemed to be sweeping France in their wider historical context, proving that the current competition for control over the representation of the past in the public sphere is not a recent development, but the culmination of long-running processes. By reconceptualising the ways in which the Algerian War has been debated, evaluated and commemorated in the five decades since it ended, this book makes an original contribution to important discussions surrounding the contentious issues of memory, migration and empire in contemporary France.
Beyond its simple valorisation as a symbol of knowledge and progress in
post-Enlightenment narratives, light was central to the visual politics and
imaginative geographies of empire. Empires of Light describes how imperial
designations of ‘cities of light’ and ‘hearts of darkness’ were consonant with
the dynamic material culture of light in the nineteenth-century
industrialisation of light (in homes, streets, theatres, etc.) and its
instrumentalisation through industries of representation. Empires of Light
studies the material effects of light as power through the drama of imperial
vision and its engagement with colonial India. It evaluates responses by the
celebrated Indian painter Ravi Varma (1848–1906) to claim the centrality of
light in imperial technologies of vision, not merely as an ideological effect
but as a material presence that produces spaces and inscribes bodies.
At the start of the twenty-first century we are acutely conscious that universities operate within an entangled world of international scholarly connection. Empire of scholars examines the networks that linked academics in Britain and the settler world in the age of 'Victorian' globalisation. It argues that long-distance personal connections were crucial to the ways late nineteenth and early twentieth century universities operated and central to the making of knowledge in them, and shows that such networks created an expansive but exclusionary ‘British academic world’ that extended far beyond the borders of the British Isles. Drawing on extensive archival research, this book remaps the intellectual geographies of Britain and its empire. In doing so, it provides a new context for writing the history of ideas and offers a critical analysis of the connections that helped fashion the global world of universities today.
This book is about the transformation of England’s trade and government finances in the mid-seventeenth century, a revolution that destroyed Ireland. During the English Civil War a small group of merchants quickly achieved an iron grip over England’s trade, dictated key policies for Ireland and the colonies, and financed parliament’s war against Charles I. These merchants were the Adventurers for Irish land, who, in 1642, raised £250,000 to send a conquering army to Ireland but sent it instead to fight for parliament in England. The Adventurers elected a committee to represent their interests that met in secret at Grocers’ Hall in London, 1642–60. During that time, while amassing enormous wealth and power, the Adventurers laid the foundations for England’s empire and modern fiscal state. Although they supported Cromwell’s military campaigns, the leading Adventurers rejected his Protectorate in a dispute over their Irish land entitlements and eventually helped to restore the monarchy. Charles II rewarded the Adventurers with one million confiscated Irish acres, despite their role in deposing his father. This book explains this great paradox in Irish history for the first time and examines the background and relentless rise of the Adventurers, the remarkable scope of their trading empires and their profound political influence. It is the first book to recognise the centrality of Ireland to the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
This book seeks to reclaim E. A. Freeman (1823–92) as a leading Victorian historian and public moralist. Freeman was a prolific writer of history, Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford, and outspoken commentator on current affairs. His reputation declined sharply in the twentieth century, however, and the last full-scale biography was W. R. W. Stephens’ Life and Letters of Edward A. Freeman (1895). When Freeman is remembered today, it is for his six-volume History of the Norman Conquest (1867–79), celebrations of English progress, and extreme racial views. Revisiting Freeman and drawing on previously unpublished materials, this study analyses his historical texts in relationship to the scholarly practices and intellectual preoccupations of their time. Most importantly, it draws out Thomas Arnold’s influence on Freeman’s understanding of history as a cyclical process in which the present collapsed into the past and vice versa. While Freeman repeatedly insisted on the superiority of the so-called ‘Aryans’, a deeper reading shows that he defined race in terms of culture rather than biology and articulated anxieties about decline and recapitulation. Contrasting Freeman’s volumes on Western and Eastern history, this book foregrounds religion as the central category in Freeman’s scheme of universal history. Ultimately, he conceived world-historical development as a battleground between Euro-Christendom and the Judeo-Islamic Orient and feared that the contemporary expansion of the British Empire and contact with the East would prove disastrous.
This book looks at the interrelationship between nationalism and theatre in the Jacobean period. It also looks at the creation of a British identity brought about by the accession of King James VI of Scotland to the English throne in 1603. The most significant political legacy of James's national project was the creation of an emphatically British identity among the settlers from both England and Scotland who planted Ulster. A series of plays in London's theatres was staging the lives of a group of earlier British rulers. The theatre of the Jacobean period does not rest on Shakespeare alone. What emerges in the study of the London stages in this period is that his work fits into a wider framework of dramatic material discoursing on not just the Union, but on issues of war, religion and overseas exploration. Under James VI and I, the discourse on empire changed to meet the new expansion overseas, and also the practicality of a Scottish king whose person fulfilled the criteria of King of 'Great Britain' in a way that Elizabeth never could. For James VI and I, Shakespeare's play was a celebration of the British imperium that seemed secure in the figures of Henry, Prince of Wales, Prince Charles and the Princess Elizabeth. The repertoire of the theatre companies suggests that in terms of public opinion there was a great deal of consensus regarding the direction of foreign policy.