Abstract only
Panikos Panayi

6 Employment Unser Lager liegt an einem Abhang; im Tale zieht sich ein grosser See hin, umgeben von hohen, kahlen Bergen. Wir wohnen in Hütten, die kleiner sind als die in Stobs, immer nur zwölf Mann zusammen. Unsere Arbeitszeit beträgt täglich acht Stunden; die Arbeit besteht in Wege-, Waserleitungs- and Strassenbau.1 Introduction Most internees who had enough spare time to participate in the range of social activities available in the internment camps either did so or helped to create the prison camp societies which emerged. While such activity occurred in

in Prisoners of Britain
Migrant aspirations and employer strategies
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek and Justyna Salamońska

4 Routes into employment: migrant aspirations and employer strategies In the previous chapter, we documented how Ireland’s labour market resembled a goldrush at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It was characterised by a seemingly endless demand for and supply of new labour. However, this in itself does not tell us much about the initial plans and aspirations of migrants or about the attitudes and strategies of employers. Hence, we examine in this chapter the choices of both sides of the employment relationship in the aftermath of EU enlargement, when

in New mobilities in Europe
Can commodification of labour be self-limiting?
Francesca Bettio and Alberto Mazzon

Subsidiary employment in Italy: commodification of labour 8 Subsidiary employment in Italy: can commodification of labour be self-limiting? Francesca Bettio and Alberto Mazzon Introduction In May 2015, the President of Italy’s National Social Security Agency (INPS) presaged that vouchers – the Italian version of the pre-financed French Chèque emploi service (CES) – threatened to become the ‘new frontier of precarious employment’ in the country (La Repubblica, 2015).1 This warning was prompted by information that the number of recipients of vouchers had

in Making work more equal
Stuart White

MCK10 1/10/2003 10:34 AM Page 179 10 Toleration of religious discrimination in employment Stuart White Introduction: toleration and equal opportunity Two ideas feature prominently in contemporary accounts of the just society. One is the idea of toleration and the related idea of religious freedom. A second is the idea of equal opportunity and, derived from this, the idea that the state should protect its members from discrimination in relation to jobs and other important goods such as education. This chapter explores an apparent tension between these two

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Philip J. O’Connell

Employment is central to the process of economic integration and social inclusion. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) notes that ‘Jobs are immigrants’ chief source of income. Finding one is therefore fundamental to their becoming part of the host country's economic fabric.’ 1 Employment leads to financial independence and allows a person to contribute to society and avoid the risk of poverty and social exclusion in their host country. Through employment, immigrants can build social networks, develop their language skills and

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Australia, France and Sweden compared
Dominique Anxo, Marian Baird and Christine Erhel

16 Work and care regimes and women’s employment outcomes: Australia, France and Sweden compared Dominique Anxo, Marian Baird and Christine Erhel Introduction The objective of this chapter is to analyse how national care regimes interact with the employment regime to influence female employment outcomes. We do this with a comparative analysis of Australia (population 24 million), France (62 million) and Sweden (9.5 million), three advanced market economies that have distinct and contrasting employment and care regimes. For the employment regime, we focus on paid

in Making work more equal
Brian Marren

2 Employment and unemployment on Merseyside, 1945–98 Throughout the late twentieth century, the presence of mass unemployment was a consistent feature of Merseyside. Indeed, for much of this period the name Liverpool itself became synonymous with joblessness and all the negative images such deprived circumstances suggest. In this chapter, Liverpool’s connection to unemployment in the late twentieth century is charted. Prior to analysing economic trends and their relationship to employment and joblessness on Merseyside, we shall address the complexity of

in We shall not be moved
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek and Justyna Salamońska

5 Employment conditions and the culture of work This chapter addresses the experiences of Polish migrants in the Irish workplace. It explores to what extent their experiences were shaped by sectoral and occupational differences and how migrants interacted with employers and the regulatory environment of the Irish workplace. We show that the work experience of Polish migrants in less-skilled jobs in hospitality and construction was one of informality, non-compliance and casual employment. However, such employment was not necessarily perceived as a disadvantage

in New mobilities in Europe
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

; all quotes from the circulars are taken verbatim from the documents on file with the author. In undertaking this close reading of the documents, I trace the nature and implications of a series of UNRWA’s more ‘private’ responses to the 2018 cuts, with a particular focus on shifts in educational and maternal and neonatal health services on the one hand and employment and pension rights on the other. I thus illustrate the extent to which UNRWA’s operational changes are invisible on the international stage and yet are having significant impacts

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Amna Haider

Trauma realities defy easy access to comprehension and thus require alternative discourses to understand them. This article looks at Pat Barkers employment of the Gothic tropes in the examination and explication of war trauma in her Regeneration trilogy. More pertinently, it scrutinizes the complex relation between Gothicized landscapes and trauma by analyzing three specific sites – Craiglockhart War Hospital, trenches and England as ‘Blighty’ – in the Regeneration trilogy. This article shows traumas destabilizing impact by examining how landscapes become imprinted with trauma. The physical disempowerment of landscapes is further complemented by a psychological disempowerment by examining traumatized patient-soldiers mindscapes and dreamscapes. It further examines how Barker employs tropes of haunting, dreams and nightmares, staple Gothic emotions of fear, terror and horror, Freuds Unheimlich to dispossess the owners control and locates trauma realities lurking therein. Thus Barkers Regeneration narrative bears witness to the phantom realities of war trauma by privileging the uncanny personal histories of traumatized soldiers.

Gothic Studies