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D. A. J. MacPherson

1 England During the First World War, Trent Bridge cricket ground was transformed from being the home of Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club, accustomed to the gentle sound of leather on willow, to serving as a hospital for wounded soldiers returning from the Western Front. While the hospital was initially established by the VAD (Voluntary Aid Detachment) in 1915, its expansion was overseen by Lady Bruce, a doyenne of Ulster Unionist politics who had strong family connections with Nottingham. Bruce was responsible for turning the new facility in the west wing of

in Women and the Orange Order
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A British relationship
Arthur Aughey

2981 The politics 23/1/07 10:01 Page 183 10 England: a British relationship In September 2002 the then Home Secretary David Blunkett appointed Professor Sir Bernard Crick to a post which the BBC, in tabloid style, referred to as ‘Britishness chief’. Crick had actually been selected to chair a committee to advise the Home Secretary on the design of a citizenship syllabus for those seeking full British citizenship. This involved the provision of language skills and practical information about Britain such as the National Health Service, schooling, political

in The politics of Englishness
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Keith A.P. Sandiford

The cricket phenomenon which has captured the imagination of succeeding generations of Australians, Indians, New Zealanders, Pakistanis, South Africans and West Indians, among others, was established in nineteenth-century England when the Victorians began glorifying the game as a perfect system of manners, ethics and morals. Far from being a simple physical activity, cricket

in The imperial game
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Essays on the English nation and commonwealth in the sixteenth century

This book is a response to a demand for a history which is no less social than political, investigating what it meant to be a citizen of England living through the 1570s and 1580s. It examines the growing conviction of ‘Englishness’ in the sixteenth century, through the rapidly developing English language; the reinforcement of cultural nationalism as a result of the Protestant Reformation; the national and international situation of England at a time of acute national catastrophe; and through Queen Elizabeth I, the last of her line, who remained unmarried throughout her reign, refusing to even discuss the succession to her throne. The book explores the conviction among leading Elizabethans that they were citizens and subjects, also responsible for the safety of their commonwealth. The tensions between this conviction, born from a childhood spent in the Renaissance classics and in the subjection to the Old Testament of the English Bible, and the dynastic claims of the Tudor monarchy, are all explored at length. Studies of a number of writers who fixed the image of sixteenth-century England for some time to come; Foxe, Camden and other pioneers of the discovery of England are also included.

Representations and perceptions of fraudulent identities
Author: Tobias B. Hug

Impostors and impostures featured prominently in the political, social and religious life of early modern England. Who was likely to be perceived as impostor, and why? This book offers a full-scale analysis of this multifaceted phenomenon. Using approaches drawn from historical anthropology and micro-history, it investigates changes and continuities within the impostor phenomenon from 1500 to the late eighteenth century, exploring the variety of representations and perceptions of impostors, and their deeper meanings within the specific contexts of social, political, religious, institutional and cultural change. The book examines a wide range of sources, from judicial archives and other official records to chronicles, newspapers, ballads, pamphlets and autobiographical writings. Given that identity is never fixed, but involves a performative dimension, changing over time and space, it looks at the specific factors which constitute identity in a particular context, and asks why certain characteristics of an allegedly false identity were regarded as fake.

National questions in a global era
Ben Wellings

Westminster contemplated the political task ahead of it: uniting the (unspecified) country around a withdrawal from the EU whilst simultaneously seeking new allies and keeping the United Kingdom from coming apart at its national seams in the process. England is a problem. Or rather, Britain’s political classes have a problem situating England within the United Kingdom’s changing constitutional framework and the UK’s shifting position in the global order. England’s problematic place in the United Kingdom, and hence in the European Union and beyond, was a

in English nationalism, Brexit and the Anglosphere
John Privilege

6 England’s extremity It is a mistake to view Ireland’s response to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 in pro- or anti-British terms. There was a very real sense that this was Ireland’s war, as the issues of participation and the enactment of Home Rule merged in the general euphoria of Nationalist Ireland. As Jeffery has pointed out, this was a war for big words. It was a war for the freedom of small nations, for King, Country, Democracy, Duty and Liberty.1 There was a widespread conviction among nationalists that now was the time for Europe’s newest

in Michael Logue and the Catholic Church in Ireland, 1879–1925
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Faith, religion and observance before the Reformation
Author: R. N. Swanson

Using original source material, This book seeks to explore the nature of religious belief and practice in pre-Reformation England. For most people in England the main access to the Bible, and indeed to instruction in the faith, would be through hearing priests from their pulpits. The book demonstrates with immediacy and potency the diverse expressions of faith and observance. It discusses the varieties of spirituality in later medieval England and the ways in which they received expression, through participation in church services, actions like pilgrimages, charitable foundations, devotional readings and instruction. Opposition to prevailing spirituality, expressed through 'Lollardy', is also considered. There is a great deal of written evidence for both the theory and the practice of late medieval English religion and spirituality. The mass was the central ceremony of the Church: the consecration of the bread and wine to become the body and blood of Christ. Within Christianity, the principal focus of devotion was necessarily the divinity, in particular Christ, the second person of the Trinity. While there was considerable concern to accumulate spiritual benefits during life, the most important issue was to secure salvation after death. For those who sought advanced domestic spiritual satisfaction, an episcopal licence for the celebration of divine offices within a private chapel or oratory was necessary.

Patronage, literature and religion

This book aims both to shed light on the complex legal and procedural basis for early modern chaplaincy and to expand the understanding of what chaplains, in practice, actually did. Each chapter in the book treats in a different way the central question of how interactions in literature, patronage and religion made forms of cultural agency are available to early modern chaplains, primarily in England. The numerous case studies discussed in the book include instances of both the public and the more private aspects of chaplaincy. The book first focuses on the responsibility of the bishop of London's chaplains for pre-publication censorship of the press. It then examines the part played by ambassadorial chaplains such as Daniel Featley within wider networks of international diplomacy, interconfessional rivalry and print polemic. Patronage was evidently the key to determining the roles, activities and significance of early modern chaplains. Unsurprisingly, patrons often chose chaplains whose interests and priorities, whether theological or secular, were similar or complementary to their own. Episcopal chaplains had a politically significant role in keeping lay patrons loyal to the Church of England during the interregnum. Alongside patronage and religion, the book also considers the diverse array of literary activities undertaken by early modern chaplains.