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James Mitchell

3303 Devolution 31/3/09 08:43 Page 195 9 The English Question England is a state of mind, not a consciously organized political institution. (Rose 1982: 29) Introduction England, maintained Richard Rose, claimed no distinctive institutions of governance ‘though it acquires these, if only by default, when Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland opt out of specific policies’ (Rose 1982: 31). In other words, an English dimension emerges simply because it is what is left, albeit the largest part of the state, after special provisions are made for Scotland, Wales

in Devolution in the UK
Richard Hayton

5 National identity and the English question The Conservative Party is the nationalist party par excellence. A Conservative Party which cannot present itself to the country as a national party suffers under a severe handicap. (Enoch Powell, quoted in Lynch, 1999: xi) Introduction The question of national identity, epitomised by the issue of European integration, has long been problematic for the Conservatives (Chapter 4). This chapter also explores the question of identity, through an examination of Conservative Party policy and discourse in two further areas

in Reconstructing conservatism?
Arthur Aughey

6 Conservatives and the English Question In 1995 when he was secretary of state for Scotland, Michael Forsyth (cited in Bogdanor 2010b: 158) declared that the English Question would be the ‘Bermuda Triangle’ of devolution. That description complemented the opposition of the Major government to devolution in general, a policy discussed in the previous chapter. Forsyth intended his remark to show that the inability to accommodate England in proposals for constitutional reform undermined devolution in its entirety. Yet ‘missing England’ (Aughey 2001) in this

in The Conservative Party and the nation

This book provides a digest of the debates about England and Englishness, as well as a unique perspective on those debates. Not only does it provide readers with ready access to and interpretation of the significant literature on ‘The English Question’, but it also enables them to make sense of the political, historical and cultural factors which constitute that question, addressing the condition of England in three interrelated parts. The first part looks at traditional narratives of the English polity and reads them as legends of political Englishness, of England as the exemplary exception, exceptional in its constitutional tradition and exemplary in its political stability. The second part considers how the decay of that legend has encouraged anxieties about English political identity, of how English identity can be recognised within the new complexity of British governance. The third part revisits these legends and anxieties, examining them in terms of the actual and metaphorical ‘locations’ of Englishness: regionalism, Europeanism and Britishness.

The Tories after 1997
Editors: and

The Conservative Party's survival as a significant political force was now open to serious question for the first time since the crisis over the Corn Laws. The Labour Party has commanded a fairly consistent level of attention, whether in office or in opposition. But it seems that the Conservatives are fated to be regarded either as unavoidable or irrelevant. This book presents an analysis that suggests that the party leader plays a less important role in Conservative recoveries than a distinctive policy programme and an effective party organization. It examines the Conservative position on a series of key issues, highlighting the difficult dilemmas which confronted the party after 1997, notably on economic policy. New Labour's acceptance of much of the main thrust of Thatcherite economic policy threw the Conservatives off balance. The pragmatism of this new position and the 'In Europe, not run by Europe' platform masked a significant move towards Euro-skepticism. The book also traces how the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Parties adapted to the creation of the Scottish Parliament, exploring the re-organisation of the Scottish party, its electoral fortunes and political prospects in the new Scottish politics. It examines issues of identity and nationhood in Conservative politics in the 1997-2001 period, focusing on the 'English Question' and the politics of 'race'. The predictable results of the Conservatives' failure to develop an attractive, consistent narrative are then analysed. Right-wing populist parties with charismatic leaders enjoyed some electoral success under the proportional representation systems in 2002.

Abstract only
A disunited union?
Philip Norton

powers in areas covering onshore oil and gas activity, energy efficiency, and rail franchising. It gave substantial control over income tax, not least in respect of income tax rates on non-savings and non-dividend income. In Wales, also after a report from a commission (the Silk commission), the Wales Act 2017 provided for a reserved powers model, with all powers devolved unless specifically reserved under the act to Westminster. Devolution has also given rise to dissatisfaction in England – the ‘English question’ – at the perceived benefits being conferred, both

in Governing Britain
Abstract only
Arthur Aughey

such interest in the English question as there is today’ (2006: 267) and this book is a modest example of that interest. It is divided into three parts and each part consists of three related chapters. The first part, Legends of Englishness, looks at traditional narratives of the English polity. It considers them as legends – or fantasy echoes – of political Englishness and identifies the various underlinings and the range of prejudices that are to be found there. Unlike Oakeshott’s rationalist, the purpose of this study is not to bring the social, political, legal

in The politics of Englishness
Philip Norton

English issues in the House of Commons and with how political parties are funded (2008: 28). The West Lothian question has in consequence undergone a change of name: it is now referred to as the English question. Polls show not only that a majority of those in England believe that Scottish MPs should not be allowed to vote on English laws, but also that a majority of Scots support

in These Englands
Philip Lynch

Conservative politics of nationhood under William Hague, focusing on the ‘English Question’ and the politics of ‘race’. Policy towards the European Union (EU) is examined in Chapter 8. The end of Empire, moves towards membership of the European Community (EC), devolution and immigration posed significant challenges to the dominant One Nation perspective in the 1960s. Two contrasting positions on how to adapt the Conservative politics of nationhood emerged. Edward Heath proposed EC membership, Scottish devolution and a liberal perspective on race relations. Enoch Powell

in The Conservatives in Crisis
One Nation
Eunice Goes

transformed into policy proposals in three main strands: (1) immigration, (2) managing diversity, and (3) the English Question. Along the way, it also identifies the main political and institutional constraints Miliband confronted when developing his politics of belonging, and concludes with an assessment of Labour’s politics of belonging. Context Long before UKIP started to create waves in British politics there was a small group of Labour politicians who had expressed concern with the loss of working-class voters and with the emergence of immigration as an important

in The Labour Party under Ed Miliband