‘Working the ground’ in Scotland

Ethnographies of labour at sea must examine the experience of that labour, rather than contemplate the commodities that are produced, or resort to trite metaphors about watery 'flow' and 'immersion' This book takes up a labour-centred Marxist approach to human-environment relations, place and language, human-machine relations, technique and technology, political economy and violence. It explores how fishers make the sea productive through their labour, using technologies ranging from wooden boats to digital GPS plotters to create familiar places in a seemingly hostile environment. While most analyses of navigation assume that its purpose is orientation, virtually all navigation devices are used in techniques to solve the problem of relative position. Fishers frequently have to make impossible choices between safe seamanship and staying afloat economically, and the book describes the human impact of the high rate of deaths in the fishing industry. The lives of fishermen are affected by capitalist forces in the markets they sell to, forces that shape even the relations between fishers on the same boat. The book also discusses techniques people used to extend their bodies and perceptual abilities, the importance of controlling and delicately manipulating these extensions and the caring relationships of maintenance boats and machines required. A 'new anthropology of labour' and a 'decolonised anthropology dispenses with the disciplinary emphasis on the "outside" of capitalism and encompasses the dynamism and interconnections of global society'.

Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Issues concerning women The environment 120 9 ➤ The background and origins of the environment as a political issue ➤ A review of the ways in which the environment became a more prominent issue ➤ Description and assessment of New Labour environmental policies after 1997 DEFINING THE TERM ‘ENVIRONMENT’ The term ‘environment’ is a broad one and we need first to establish which aspects are covered here. For the purposes of this chapter, we will recognise the following meanings. ● Matters concerning the physical environment, including air and water quality

in Understanding British and European political issues
Abstract only
Labour, class, environments and anthropology
Penny McCall Howard

208 2 Conclusion Labour, class, environments and anthropology In this book I  have taken up a labour-​centred Marxist approach to human–​ environment relations, place and language, human–​machine relations, technique and technology, political economy and violence. Despite Donham’s observation that ‘production is the privileged point of entry’ for understanding societies (1999: 58) such an analysis goes against the grain of much anthropological analysis of the past 30 years. Harris observes that: The shift in anthropological attention away from work and

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
Penny McCall Howard

fieldnotes, I found more than 80 uses of ‘ground’, describing quite different parts of the sea. What linked these places was the productive labour that took place in them. The ground was a place that afforded fishermen better catches and where they found their work to be productive. The affordances of grounds were not static and they were historically and inextricably connected to the labour expended 30 30 30 A metabolism of labour and environment there:  fishermen re-​shaped the affordances of grounds through their work and developed new tools in order to further

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
Abstract only
Penny McCall Howard

. I start with a focus on human–​environment relations –​how people worked in and named and changed the features of the sea they relied on. I build on anthropological landscape research to trace the mutually constitutive and productive connections between people and their environments at sea, as well as with the tools and machines that people have developed to work with and survive in these environments. I focus on people’s labour as what ties environments, people and tools together as they work to make fishing grounds productive. I take a phenomenological approach

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
Penny McCall Howard

fisheries, which are often treated as if they structured simply by the relationship between fishermen and their environment (Campling et al. 2012). Sider described how Newfoundland fishers often sell their catch at prices below what it cost to produce them (2003: 313). In Louisiana, Brian Marks documents the ‘cost-​price squeeze’ that that has strained relationships in shrimping families and meant ‘the boat eats first from the family table’ (2012: 244). Menzies describes the difficult choices for fishers in France between ‘becoming more fully capitalist’ or ‘risk losing

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
Chris Pearson

9 ‘Greening’ militarized environments Introduction Within the militarized environment of Captieux firing range, plants, such as marsh clubmoss, thrive amongst the drainage lakes created by the US army during its construction of weapon storage facilities in the early 1950s.1 The military presence at Captieux unintentionally created suitable conditions for rare species to flourish. Now, some ninety years after its militarization during the First World War, Captieux is set to be integrated into the European Union’s Natura 2000 network of ecologically rare and

in Mobilizing nature
Kalahandi, c.1800–1950
Biswamoy Pati

2 Environment and social history: Kalahandi, c.1800–1950 Kalahandi is in the north-west section of present-day Orissa province, bordering Raipur (Madhya Pradesh) and the Koraput district in the west; the Koraput district in the south; Bolangir, Sambalpur and Raipur in the north; and the Koraput district and Baudh-Khondmals in the east. Originally a feudal state, with five zamindaris (Karlapat, Mahulpatana, Madanpur-Rampur, Lanjigarh and Kashipur),1 Kalahandi merged with Orissa on 1 January 1948. The undivided Kalahandi district stretches across an area of 11

in South Asia from the margins
Chris Pearson

8 Opposing militarized environments Introduction In 1965 the poet and former resister, René Char, published a small booklet protesting the military’s proposal to establish a series of nuclear missile silos on Plateau d’Albion (see chapter 7). Dedicating La Provence point oméga to the region’s migratory birds, Char wrote how militarization would ‘wound’ the soil that produced truffles, vines, wild mushrooms, apples, and peaches. Nuclear missiles – with all the social and environmental risks they entailed – would replace this natural bounty. Warning that the

in Mobilizing nature
Community
Thomas Martin

understanding of problem environments, which are then acted upon by the Prevent assemblage. In doing so, the chapter details how British communities policy and the Prevent agenda come to be intimately bound together. The problematic identified in the past two chapters renders environments within which becoming takes place as a central concern. In this chapter, the book analyses these environments, exploring how certain communities and institutional spaces come to be seen as problematic, conducive to radicalisation. In analysing

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity