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Colonialism, grave robbery and intellectual history
Larissa Förster
Dag Henrichsen
Holger Stoecker
, and
Hans Axasi╪Eichab

In 1885, the Berlin pathologist Rudolf Virchow presented three human skeletons from the colony of German South West Africa to the Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory. The remains had been looted from a grave by a young German scientist, Waldemar Belck, who was a member of the second Lüderitz expedition and took part in the occupation of colonial territory. In an attempt to re-individualise and re-humanise these human remains, which were anonymised in the course of their appropriation by Western science, the authors consult not only the colonial archive, but also contemporary oral history in Namibia. This allows for a detailed reconstruction of the social and political contexts of the deaths of the three men, named Jacobus Hendrick, Jacobus !Garisib and Oantab, and of Belck’s grave robbery, for an analysis of how the remains were turned into scientific objects by German science and institutions, as well as for an establishment of topographical and genealogical links with the Namibian present. Based on these findings, claims for the restitution of African human remains from German institutions cannot any longer be regarded as a contemporary phenomenon only but must be understood as part of an African tradition of resistance against Western colonial and scientific practices.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Holger Stoecker

see in the name of the long-established Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Pre-History (Zimmerman 2001). In addition to having very fluid boundaries, for Thilenius these disciplines were also linked by a shared commitment to using natural-scientific methods when examining cultural phenomena (Thilenius 1930: 389, 399). Regarding the prospective staff members of the

in Ordering Africa
The Tolai of East New Britain in the writings of Otto Finsch
Hilary Howes

different interpretative possibilities opened by an alternative view of the same events. Unfortunately, very little of Tapinowanne Torondoluan can be tested in this manner. We do have independent confirmation of Tapinowanne's introduction to the members of the Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory on 11 November 1882; Adolf Bastian, chairing the monthly meeting, regretted the absence of the President, Rudolf Virchow, but spoke of ‘the

in Savage worlds
Abstract only
Artefacts and disciplinary formation
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

key curators such as Thomas K. Penniman at the Pitt Rivers Museum (which from 1958 comprised Oxford University’s ‘department of ethnology and prehistory’).65 This union reflected a widespread post-war rapprochement between archaeology and anthropology as the emphasis on material culture that had never left the former slowly returned to the latter.66 The differences between Willett’s and Burton-Brown’s territories were marked. With no classical archaeologists associated with the collection, after a wave of ‘pilfering’ just before the war, the third-floor gallery had

in Nature and culture
Paul Henley

Tanganyika. Shortly afterwards, in 1908–10, two different German expeditions to Melanesia also came back with film material: one was the Hamburg Museum expedition to various islands in Micronesia and the then German colony of Neu-Guinea on the northern coast of present-day Papua New Guinea, while the other was the expedition of Richard Neuhauss, supported by the Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory, also to the northern coast of Neu-Guinea. However, none of these researchers had any training or experience as film-makers and the equipment that they were

in Beyond observation