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The official redefinition of the island of Ireland
Author: Katy Hayward

How has it been possible for Irish political leaders to not just accept but actively promote two of the largest challenges to Irish nation-statehood: the concession of sovereignty to the European Union (EU) and the retraction of the constitutional claim over Northern Ireland? This book argues that, rather than indicating a pragmatic retreat, such decisions (and their justification on the public stage) reveal the unique power and enduring relevance of nationalism to Irish and European politics today. As a detailed study of official discourse in twentieth-century Ireland, it traces the ways in which nationalism can be simultaneously redefined and revitalised through European integration. The text moves from an overview of the origins and development of Irish official nationalism to analyse the connections between its response to profound internal and external challenges to Irish nation-statehood. The genius of the Irish approach to such challenges has been to employ innovative EU-inspired concepts in finding agreement with and within Northern Ireland, whilst simultaneously legitimising further European integration on the grounds that it fulfils traditional nationalist ideals. Thus, Irish political leaders have been successful in not only accommodating potent nationalist and pro-European discourses, but in making them appear complementary. The book concludes with an assessment of likely changes in this symbiotic relationship in the post-EU enlargement, post-Celtic Tiger era.

Social and cultural modernity beyond the nation-state
Author: Shivdeep Grewal

From its conception to the referenda of 2005 where it met its end, German philosopher Jürgen Habermas wrote in support of the European Constitution. This book is the first in-depth account of his project. Emphasis is placed on the conception of the European Union (EU) that informed his political prescriptions. This study engages with Habermas's thought as a totality, though attention is focussed on themes such as communicative rationality that began to surface in the 1970s. The first part of the book considers the unfolding of 'social modernity' at the level of the EU. Among the subjects covered are Habermas's concept of juridification, the latter's affinities with integration theories such as neofunctionalism and the application of Habermas's democratic theory to the EU. The second part addresses 'cultural modernity' in Europe - 'Europessimism' is argued to be a subset of the broader cultural pessimism that has assailed the project of modernity in recent decades with renewed intensity in the wake of 9/11. The final section looks at the conceptual landscape of the Constitutional Convention. The groundbreaking work of E. O. Eriksen, E. F. Fossum and others provides the most developed Habermasian account of the EU to date. Juridification is put forward as a metatheory of social modernity, and existing approaches from the corpus of European integration theory are drawn. Recent political theory confronts scholars of European integration with difficult questions. The social democrats who were interviewed had the opposite combination of opinions.

Shivdeep Grewal

to situate each text accurately in time. The survey is divided into two parts. The first examines the critical and cautious attitude toward European integration exhibited by Habermas from the early 1960s. The increasingly positive attitude he has shown since the early 1990s is then considered. However, such a neat periodisation should not obscure the continuity and recurrence of themes. Habermas’s ‘Eurosceptic’ 1 phase actually coincided with a gradual rejection of the nation-state, separable into three stages. The first stage

in Habermas and European integration
Shivdeep Grewal

1 Habermas on European integration This chapter addresses two features of Habermas’s oeuvre. These form the basis for the account of social modernity that follows in chapters 2 to 4. First, there is the influence that the concept of juridification has had on Habermas’s journalistic writings. Though most evident in his reflections on the nationstate, juridification also informed Habermas’s (2001a, 2005) calls for constitutional deliberation. Reading his work in this way diverges from the more usual separation of its academic and journalistic aspects; it is the

in Habermas and European Integration (second edition)
Social and cultural modernity beyond the nation-state
Author: Shivdeep Grewal

German philosopher Jürgen Habermas has written extensively on the European Union. This is the only in-depth account of his project. Published now in a second edition to coincide with the celebration of his ninetieth birthday, a new preface considers Habermas’s writings on the eurozone and refugee crises, populism and Brexit, and the presidency of Emmanuel Macron.

Placing an emphasis on the conception of the EU that informs Habermas’s political prescriptions, the book is divided into two main parts. The first considers the unfolding of 'social modernity' at the level of the EU. Among the subjects covered are Habermas's concept of juridification, the latter's affinities with integration theories such as neofunctionalism, and the application of Habermas's democratic theory to the EU. The second part addresses 'cultural modernity' in Europe – 'Europessimism' is argued to be a subset of the broader cultural pessimism that assailed the project of modernity in the late twentieth century, and with renewed intensity in the years since 9/11.

Interdisciplinary in approach, this book engages with European/EU studies, critical theory, political theory, international relations, intellectual history, comparative literature, and philosophy. Concise and clearly written, it will be of interest to students, scholars and professionals with an interest in these disciplines, as well as to a broader readership concerned with the future of Europe

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Shivdeep Grewal

right of Siv. Following Christiansen, Jørgensen and Wiener ( 2001 ), the term ‘constructivist’ is used to describe all points along this three part continuum. This is to emphasise how each point represents a compromise between the poles of rationalism and reflectivism. Figure 3.1 The constructivist continuum Drawing on the writings of Geyer ( 2003 ), and Christiansen, Jørgensen and Wiener ( 2001 ), criteria for the positioning of European integration theories along the

in Habermas and European integration
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John Goff
Shivdeep Grewal

When the question of European integration is posed, it immediately evokes the question of its purpose. What is such integration for? And this immediately brings forward another two questions: what is the European Union for, and what, fundamentally, is the European Union? If the question of European integration is both a political and an emotional question, a matter not only of power but also of lifeworld feeling , then these two further questions, of its purpose and mode of being, are at once metaphysical and

in Habermas and European integration
Abstract only
Shivdeep Grewal

Derrida, 2003 ). 1 The siege model is considered in the following section. One outcome of lifeworld colonisation identified by Habermas is the ‘withdrawal of legitimation’ ( 1995 : 143, 1998b : 333) from the state. It is widely cited as a consequence of the EU’s ‘democratic deficit’, evident in the widespread decline of the ‘permissive consensus’, a perception of European integration as an innocuously technical, rather than political, endeavour. Other signs of lifeworld colonisation/the democratic deficit can be

in Habermas and European integration
Is the CFSP sui generis?
Jakob C. Øhrgaard

The study of European integration has in the past been plagued by the so-called sui generis problem: ‘the EU is considered somehow beyond international relations, somehow a quasi-state or an inverted federation, or some other locution’ (Long 1997 : 187). At the empirical level of analysis, few would deny that the EU does indeed display unique characteristics, be it in its scope, institutional

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
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Katy Hayward

, political leaders in Ireland had become adept at employing descriptors of nation-statehood that enabled it to become modernised, globalised, renewed. Of specific significance in this process of redefinition has been Ireland’s membership of the European Union. This, it shall be argued, provided both the practical means and the conceptual tools for the nation-state to remain not just M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 2 27/1/09 13:23 Page 2 Irish nationalism and European integration relevant but crucial in a changing political, social and economic environment. This, as

in Irish nationalism and European integration