Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 257 items for :

  • "European Affairs" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Gavin Barrett

81 2 Why are we augmenting the role of national parliaments in European affairs? Should we continue to do so? What are the arguments concerning giving national parliaments an increased role in EU matters? The empowerment of national parliaments: an idea whose time has come? The idea of augmenting the powers of national parliaments in EU policy matters has momentum. There are several possible reasons, e.g., the gradual expansion of EU activities into a wider and more politicised range of policy fields, and the perception that this would help remedy a supposed

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Ireland as a case study
Author: Gavin Barrett

The role of national parliaments in the European Union (EU) has developed considerably over time. This book focuses on one parliament as a case study in this regard: the national parliament of Ireland, the Oireachtas. The basic structure of that parliament is modelled on that of the United Kingdom. Like the United Kingdom, Ireland joined the then European Communities on 1 January 1973. Within a relatively short period from the date of Ireland's joining the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973, it became clear that major structural change to the Communities would be needed if the EEC were ever to fulfil its potential. The book examines the initial adaptations of its parliament to European integration and how Ireland's domestic parliamentary accommodation of membership slowly changed over time. It focuses on the considerable impact on domestic parliamentary arrangements of the recent banking and foreign debt crises and of the Treaty of Lisbon. An assessment of the role of the Oireachtas in European law and policy during the lifetimes of the 30th Dail (2007-11) and the 31st Dail (2011-16) follows. The book discusses the formation of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on European Union Affairs, which held its first meeting in private on 19 July 2016, and its first public meeting on 7 September. However, Ireland's position as a "slow adaptor" to European integration has meant that the Oireachtas has had more ground to make up than many other legislatures.

Reflections on how the role of the Irish parliament in European affairs might be improved
Gavin Barrett

281 6 Looking to the future: reflections on how the role of the Irish parliament in European affairs might be improved Introduction The question of why national parliaments should be acquiring an increased role in EU policy matters was examined in Chapter 2. This chapter focuses on the particular case of the Oireachtas and considers what improvements could be effected in its EU-​related role. Ireland’s EU membership has given rise to many challenges for the Oireachtas.1 It is not unique among parliaments in this.2 However, Ireland’s position as a “slow adaptor

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Lindsay Aqui

the most successful period of the history of the Communities’ and so ‘membership did not come to have the popular positive connotations in Britain that it had in the founder states’. 6 Indeed, entry to the Community coincided with a series of international crises, including the October 1973 oil shock, the Year of Europe affair and a major increase in oil prices. Although it is difficult to establish a causal link between these events and low levels of popular support for membership, studies of these events have examined the relationship between them and a period

in The first referendum
Abstract only
An overview of the role of the Oireachtas in European Union affairs
Gavin Barrett

178 5 Where we stand now: an overview of the role of the Oireachtas in European Union affairs Introduction This chapter describes the role of the Oireachtas in European affairs in the 30th Dáil (2007–​11) and 31st Dáil (2011–​16), the two most recently completed legislative periods.1 There are three main aspects to parliament’s relationship with Government. First, parliament has a role in forming and dismissing governments. Secondly, parliament has a role in policy-​making and law-​making. Thirdly, parliament has a role in rendering the Government accountable.2

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Rachel Hammersley

Real Whigs, who were themselves deeply concerned about European affairs, were closely associated with a network of Huguenot writers, translators and booksellers. It was via the translations and reviews produced by these French Protestant exiles that the key works of the English republican tradition entered France and became known to a francophone audience. Moreover, the impact of the Huguenot adoption and adaptation of the English republican tradition was not limited to their own generation. As will become clear in the chapters that follow, their translations

in The English republican tradition and eighteenth-century France
Abstract only
Foreign affairs, domestic problems
Geoffrey Hicks

attention was foreign policy. This was no surprise, given the bitter controversies of the Palmerston years. The Prime Minister’s statement needs to be read in context: it was a 1852: foreign affairs, domestic problems 71 product of what had gone before as much as a harbinger of what was to come. Nevertheless, it publicly set the tone that would be evident in policy formation. It did not address the details of European affairs: neither the Prime Minister nor his Foreign Secretary could have been expected to be familiar with them at that stage. Instead, it picked out

in Peace, war and party politics
Abstract only
International Relations theory and Germany
Richard Ned Lebow

In contrast to the preceding chapters, this concluding chapter explores the ways in which IR theory has shaped our image of Germany. It makes the case for an iterative feedback process among country images and theory. On the basis of a quantitative analysis of leading IR works from the 1940s to the present day, it shows that in the post-war era, Germany has been the most frequent national role model for theorists and that Germany has been used in diverse ways by different paradigms. Germany’s central but changing role in world and European affairs, and the disciplinary prestige of emigre scholars explain the high scholarly interest in the country. Conditions have changed and theoretical interest in Germany has begun to decline.

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Open Access (free)
In pursuit of influence and legitimacy
Finn Laursen

powerful committee role in dealing with EU matters, in the form of the European Affairs Committee (Europaudvalget). It comes at the end of the process, which is true in the sense that the government seeks a mandate just prior to the final negotiations in the Council. However, the European Affairs Committee is informed about new Commission proposals earlier, and earlier deliberations in the Committee or discussions in political circles can have affected the government’s position by the time it seeks a mandate. The role of government: towards prime ministerial government

in Fifteen into one?
Andrew Preston

Anglo-French appeasement at Munich had a transformative effect on the United States. This is something of a paradox: the proceedings at Munich were far from American shores, American public opinion was at the high point of ‘isolationism’, there was no large immigrant constituency of Czech-Americans to rally other Americans to their cause and US foreign policy had previously had little interest in Czechoslovakia. Before autumn 1938, American interests in Europe were peripheral. Yet even though the Roosevelt administration was a bystander, Munich brought the United States deep into the heart of European affairs, and the reason had everything to do with fear. Appeasement may have averted war in the short term, but it raised the spectre of longer-term and perpetual war. Americans began to fear not so much for their physical safety and their territorial integrity – although those fears were certainly amplified – but for the fate of ‘Judeo-Christian civilisation’ and the ‘American way of life’, themselves new cultural constructions, because Hitler had taken international society outside civilised norms. Though they did not yet use the term, Americans acutely felt the pressures of globalisation, of a shrinking world that made possible new types of threats to their ‘national security’. These new fears resonated throughout American society, from elite politics to ordinary churches. The response to Munich eventually saw the repudiation of ‘isolationism’ and an enthusiastic embrace of a militarised, globalist role for the United States. Munich, in other words, inadvertently conceived the ‘American Century’ three years before Henry Luce coined the term.

in The Munich Crisis, politics and the people