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Niilo Kauppi

6 European Parliament elections in Finland and France in 1999 The existence and legitimacy of the European Parliament has not yet become accepted in national political life. (Socialist politician Pervenche Berés, quoted in Beauvallet 1998, 93) The establishment of elections to the European Parliament, a supranational political institution integrated into domestic political fields of member-states, has contributed to the political mobilisation of traditionally voiceless groups (such as the unemployed) and to the introduction of new issues tied to 'Europe' into

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
Author: Niilo Kauppi

There has been a lot of talk about the European Union's so-called 'democratic deficit', by which is meant its lack of legitimacy in the eyes of its citizens. This book provides a critical analysis of the democratic stalemate in European politics. It argues that the root of the 'democratic deficit' has more to do with the domestic political fields of the Union's member-states and the structure of the evolving European political field than with the relationships between supranational institutions. The book analyses the complex ways 'Europe' is integrated into domestic politics and shows how domestic political fields and cultures have prevented deepening integration. As a result of the formation of a European political field, political resources in European 'postnational' and 'postabsolutist' polities are being redistributed. The theory of structural constructivism proposed fuses French structural theories of politics and a 'bottom-up' approach to European integration. The book examines the relationship between French political traditions and the construction of a European security structure from the point of view of identity politics and the French post-imperialist syndrome. The educational and social homogeneity of French civil servants provides a political resource that certain individuals can use in Brussels, influencing the direction and form of European integration. Studying legislative legitimacy in the European Parliament elections, the book highlights that intellectuals are important players in French politics: the politics of the street has always been a key part of French political life.

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Niilo Kauppi

presented by political circumstances explain the form the constitutional reforms took. In Chapters 5 and 6, I analysed the European Parliament elections of 1999 in Finland and France. Despite the limited political value of the European Parliament in the French and Finnish political fields and of legislative legitimacy in the European political field as a whole, the European Parliament has played a significant role in the structuration of the French and Finnish political fields. It has enabled dominated groups such as female politicians, regional politicians and political

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
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Niilo Kauppi

and 4 I analyse European executive legitimacy: French presidential foreign policy ambitions in a changing Europe; the integration of French politicians and technocrats into the European bureaucracy; and the constitutional changes implemented in Finland and France in 2000, seen partly as responses to increasing European integration. Chapters 5, 6 and 7 deal with European legislative legitimacy: European Parliament election campaigns, MEPs (Members of the European Parliament) as a distinct group; and French intellectuals' endeavours, as representatives of civil

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
A party in crisis?
Ian Taylor MP

, David Davis echoed these comments. The 1999 European elections and the myth of Tory success The right-wing turn that Hague had taken in the run-up to the June 1999 European Parliament elections became accentuated afterwards. So successful had the anti-European agenda supposedly been, that it became the dominant theme for the next two years. All talk of ‘inclusiveness’ or the centre ground disappeared completely. A new policy position was constructed around the three pillars of Europe, asylum and crime. This was a house built on foundations of sand. The party had not

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Martin Steven

to resist the move to join with the larger Christian Democrats (Lynch and Whitaker 2007 ; Hayton 2012 ). This chapter will cover in detail the 2005 British Conservative Party leadership contest, the 2014 European Parliament elections, and the 2016 European Union referendum in the United Kingdom as the three key points in time that punctuate the development of ECR, and which have also helped to define the United Kingdom's somewhat fraught membership of the European Union in recent years. An internal party contest, a national general election

in The European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)
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Conservatives and European reform
Martin Steven

, nevertheless political scientists have an obligation to present as detailed information as possible about how groups in the European Parliament work. It is now approximately a decade since the 2009 European Parliament elections, and more than that since David Cameron became leader of the Conservative Party – Cameron subsequently became British Prime Minister before resigning after his ill-fated decision to hold an EU membership referendum in the summer of 2016. A monograph charting the rise of ECR plugs an obvious gap in the scholarly literature on conservatives in EU

in The European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)
Richard Dunphy and Luke March

popular vote in Greece, forming a coalition government with a small right-wing party and embarking on what would prove to be a strategy of compromise with major and uncomfortable implications for the EL. The Tsipras candidacy, the 2014 European elections campaign and the prelude to Syriza in government As we have commented elsewhere, it is a well-known fact that European Parliament elections are ‘second order’ elections, and that during European election campaigns European policies often tend to get forgotten. Given

in The European Left Party
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Richard Dunphy and Luke March

This chapter reflects on the role of TNPs during and after the impact of the Great Recession. The broader context helps us understand the challenges and pitfalls facing the EL. We reflect upon these and analyse the achievements of the EL to date. We summarise the EL’s achievements in respect of socialisation, legitimacy, policy-making and effecting Europeanisation. We comment on diversity and competition in the radical left in the run-up to the 2019 European Parliament elections. We finish by teasing out the implications of our study in terms of future research.

in The European Left Party
Niilo Kauppi

holding both national positions and European positions) were not forbidden for a long time in France, but for practical reasons they remained rare (6.9 per cent in 1994). Other double-mandate configurations were more frequent, however. In 1994, for instance, 20.6 per cent of French MEPs were also mayors of provincial cities (data compiled from Who's Who in France 1993-1994). In 2001, the situation was somewhat different as double mandates had become illegal. Table 5.1 Abstention percentages in French European Parliament elections 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 39.29 43

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union