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Greer Vanderbyl
John Albanese
, and
Hugo F. V. Cardoso

The sourcing of cadavers for North American skeletal reference collections occurred immediately after death and targeted the poor and marginalised. In Europe, collections sourced bodies that were buried and unclaimed after some time in cemeteries with no perpetual care mandate, and may have also targeted the underprivileged. The relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and abandonment was examined in a sample of unclaimed remains (603 adults and 98 children) collected from cemeteries in the city of Lisbon, Portugal, that were incorporated in a collection. Results demonstrate that low SES individuals are not more likely to be abandoned nor to be incorporated in the collection than higher SES individuals. Furthermore, historical data indicate that the poorest were not incorporated into the collection, because of burial practices. Although the accumulation of collections in North America was facilitated by structural violence that targeted the poor and marginalised, this phenomenon seems largely absent in the Lisbon collection.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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Objects, disciplines and the Manchester Museum

At the turn of the nineteenth century, museums in Europe and North America were at their largest and most powerful. New buildings were bigger; objects flooded into them, and more people visited them than ever before. The Manchester Museum is an ideal candidate for understanding cultures of display in twentieth-century Britain. It is a treasure trove of some four million priceless objects that are irreplaceable and unique. Like many large European collections, the origins of the Manchester Museum are to be found in a private cabinet: that of John Leigh Philips. This book traces the fate of his cabinet from his death in 1814. The establishment of the Manchester Natural History Society (MNHS) allowed naturalists to carve out a space in Manchester's cultural landscape. The Manchester Museum's development was profoundly affected by the history of the University in which it operated. In January 1868, the Natural History Society formally dissolved, and an interim commission took control of its collections; the Manchester Geological Society transferred its collections the following year. The new collection was to be purely scientific, comprising geology, zoology and botany, with no place for some of the more exotic specimens of the Society. The objects in the collection became part of Manchester's civic identity, bringing with them traces of science, empire and the exotic. Other museological changes were afoot in the 1990s. Natural history collections became key sites for public engagement with environmental issues and biodiversity and more recently as sites for exhibiting art.

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The Manchester Natural History Society
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

1 Prologue: the Manchester Natural History Society Like many large European collections, the origins of the Manchester Museum are to be found in a private cabinet: that of John Leigh Philips (1761–1814; see figure 1.1). Philips was involved in textile manufacturing as a partner in his family-based firm, and served in the First Battalion of the Manchester and Salford Volunteers as Lieutenant Colonel.1 The range of objects gathered by Philips and his contemporaries in the eighteenth-century provinces cannot be categorised using modern disciplinary parameters. He

in Nature and culture
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Angela Stienne

human. The story of Rafaela, and my own stories, which I recount in the pages of this book, exist because we have both had access to Egyptian mummies in European collections – access to bodies that have been taken from their home country. Being able to view and interact with Egyptian mummies and artefacts in European museums in the way that I have done throughout my career remains a privilege, and one

in Mummified
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Society life in the 1870s
Henry A. McGhie

was put to one side in February 1876.23 Swinhoe died not long afterwards, in October 1877, bringing an end to the project. Thomas Brewer, an American ornithologist who made a tour of European collections in 1876, visited ‘a few of the private collections of natural history in which England abounds’. His published account mentions collections belonging to Howard Saunders, Henry Tristram and Osbert Salvin (Salvin’s collections of Central American birds, eggs and insects were kept at The Den). Brewer described Dresser’s egg collection as ‘the most complete collection

in Henry Dresser and Victorian ornithology
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African objects, West African trade and a Liverpool museum
Zachary Kingdon
Dmitri van den Bersselaar

intermediary roles. Their manipulation of European ethnographic collectors’ expectations of style and authenticity can be analysed in terms of African agency. The stories that African traders and middlemen told about the provenance and function of these objects – though frequently brief and incomplete, and sometimes untrue – became an important aspect of the meaning of such objects in European collections

in The empire in one city?
Louise Tythacott

, they touch upon important – and timely – issues regarding the relationships between China and Britain in the mid- to late nineteenth century. Acknowledgements This chapter is part of a wider project documenting the representation of Yuanmingyuan material. I have benefited greatly from participating in a series of workshops in 2013, ‘Hidden in plain sight: non-European collections in military culture’, funded by the RSE and the NAM, and organised by Henrietta Lidchi and Stuart Allan. My thanks to all those who were involved in this event. I am also grateful to the

in Dividing the spoils
Angela Stienne

reads ‘Refugees welcome’. There is a strong link between this welcome of refugees, displacement and the museum. Displacement is the act of uprooting something or someone, from a family, from a familiar environment, from where this person or thing belongs. The history of extra-European collections in European museums is a history of displacement – it is the story of humans and artefacts that have been

in Mummified
Angela Stienne

. Champollion formed an entire national collection in a short time by acquiring objects that were already in European collections, rather than sending agents to collect them in Egypt, which had long been the custom for European museums. 15 The first group of objects came from his friend, Edmé-Antoine Durand, who had Egyptian artefacts in his private collection. The 2,150 Egyptian objects acquired from this

in Mummified
Post-connoisseurial dystopia and the profusion of things
Sharon Macdonald
Jennie Morgan

often, this is articulated in terms of different ‘communities’, that members will ‘have their own stories’ that they would want to see in the museum or collected for the future. The social history movement, which, as we have noted, was important in propelling the growth of contemporary everyday collecting, argued that museums and 37 38 Europe collections needed to rectify previous failures to represent the everyday life of the majority of the population, especially the working class and women. The remit was further expanded with the influence of identity politics

in Curatopia