Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 76 items for :

  • "European modernity" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Catholics and antisemitism in Germany and England, 1918–1945
Author: Ulrike Ehret

This book compares the worldviews and factors that promoted or, indeed, opposed anti-semitism amongst Catholics in Germany and England after the First World War. As a prequel to books on Hitler, fascism and genocide, it turns towards ideas and attitudes that preceded and shaped the ideologies of the 1920s and 1940s. Apart from the long tradition of Catholic anti-Jewish prejudices, the book discusses new and old alternatives to European modernity offered by Catholics in Germany and England. Numerous events in the interwar years provoked anti-Jewish responses among Catholics: the revolutionary end of the war and financial scandals in Germany; Palestine and the Spanish Civil War in England. At the same time, the rise of fascism and National Socialism gave Catholics the opportunity to respond to the anti-democratic and anti-semitic waves these movements created in their wake. The book is a political history of ideas that introduces Catholic views of modern society, race, nation and the ‘Jewish question’. It shows to what extent these views were able to inform political and social activity.

Ayla Göl

irrational and traditional, and, therefore, incompatible with European modernity.8 In order to explain how Turkey’s unique socio-­ historical experience challenges these assumptions about Islam’s incompatibility with modernity and why the modernisation theory fails to explain the complex interplay between internal and external dynamics during transition to modernity, I turn to historical sociology.9 There are three main theoretical concerns of historical sociology that are explicitly related to the interdisciplinary approach of this book: first as highlighted in Chapter 1

in Turkey facing east
Abstract only
‘A quoi bon la littérature?’
Jeannette Baxter, Valerie Henitiuk, and Ben Hutchinson

the Holocaust, and each essay in this collection is alive to the ways in which the Holocaust and its legacies haunt his literary imagination. But if Sebald’s writings constitute a project of literary restitution, as this volume proposes, it would be erroneous to limit its restorative ambitions to the atrocities of the recent past. Just one example of the way in which Sebald’s project of restitution engages with a much longer history of European modernity manifests itself in the centrality of the German poet Friedrich Hölderlin to ‘Ein Versuch der Restitution’. For

in A literature of restitution
Ayla Göl

making of a modern state in Turkey. Specifically, to understand the causes and consequences of the unique rapprochement between Turkish nationalists and the Russian Bolsheviks, after the collapse of the Ottoman and Russian empires, requires engagement beyond the mono-­causal explanation of their common struggle against Western imperialism. A new interdisciplinary theoretical framework is necessary in order to explain the complexity of state transformation and foreign policy-­making when understanding a Muslim country’s engagement with European modernity. After pointing

in Turkey facing east
Hyperreal urban modernity in nineteenth-century Buenos Aires
Antonio Carbone

about industry in Buenos Aires has shown that, when it comes to discourses of urban modernity, the reference to the industrial cities of Europe (and North America) is not only a bias of Eurocentric historiography: these cities were, in fact, a central reference for Buenos Aires’ elites in the analysed timeframe. However, the ways in which these references were used does not allow one to conceive of the modernity that porteño elites discussed as a mere surrogate of European modernity. The controversial decisions that were made in 1871 with the ban of the meat

in European cities
by Mariano José de Larra
Series: Hispanic Texts

This book presents an annotated critical edition of several ‘artículos de costumbres’, a type of satirical sketch that was popular in nineteenth-century Europe, by the Romantic journalist Mariano José de Larra (1809–37). Larra is one of the most widely studied Spanish Romantic authors, and his satire of customs and manners in articles such as ‘El castellano viejo’, ‘Vuelva usted mañana’ and ‘Nochebuena de 1836’ offers an invaluable insight into Spanish nineteenth-century culture which bears a striking familiarity with issues that are still seen as defining of Spanish identity today. The artículos, presented here with extensive annotations that identify references that had not been previously elucidated, are a central text in the modern Spanish canon which opens up questions about modern Spain and issues such as political revolution, class identities, social change and the inclusion of Spain within European modernity.

This book includes a selection of Larra’s most important artículos, together with a glossary of difficult words, a historical timeline, ‘temas de debate y discusión’ and a critical introduction. The introduction lays out the intricacies of the historical context and provides an overview of Larra’s life and works, as well as a revised discussion of the concept of costumbrismo. It also pays attention to the ways in which Larra’s own life and works became an important icon for later generations of progressive Spaniards who embarked on further projects of critique and reform of traditional Spanish habits and institutions, and who saw in Larra an original critical voice preceding that of the modern intellectual.

Open Access (free)
Postcolonial governance and the policing of family
Author: Joe Turner

Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.

Race and nation in twenty-first-century Britain

Nationalism has reasserted itself today as the political force of our times, remaking European politics wherever one looks. Britain is no exception, and in the midst of Brexit, it has even become a vanguard of nationalism's confident return to the mainstream. Brexit, in the course of generating a historically unique standard of sociopolitical uncertainty and constitutional intrigue, tore apart the two-party compact that had defined the parameters of political contestation for much of twentieth-century Britain. This book offers a wide-ranging picture of the different theoretical accounts relevant to addressing nationalism. It briefly repudiates the increasingly common attempts to read contemporary politics through the lens of populism. The book explores the assertion of 'muscular liberalism' and civic nationalism. It examines more traditional, conservative appeals to racialised notions of blood, territory, purity and tradition as a means of reclaiming the nation. The book also examines how neoliberalism, through its recourse to discourses of meritocracy, entrepreneurial self and individual will, alongside its exaltation of a 'points-system' approach to the ills of immigration, engineers its own unique rendition of the nationalist crisis. There are a number of important themes through which the process of liberal nationalism can be documented - what Arun Kundnani captured, simply and concisely, as the entrenchment of 'values racism'. These include the 'faux-feminist' demonisation of Muslims.

Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Abstract only
Ayla Göl

8 Conclusion This book critically analysed Turkey’s historical engagement with European modernity as the transformation of an Islamic, Ottoman state structure into a modern nation-­state, in particular in order to understand the role of its foreign policy towards the East during this process. It is unlikely that we will come across a closely similar historical transformation, but it is also true that some ‘stateless’ nations, such as the Palestinians and Kurds in the Middle East, are driven towards becoming nation-­states via the driving force of nationalism as

in Turkey facing east