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The European Union (EU) has emerged as an important security actor qua actor, not only in the non-traditional areas of security, but increasingly as an entity with force projection capabilities. This book investigates how the concept of security relates to or deals with different categories of threat, explores the relationship between forms of coordination among states, international institutions, and the provision of European security and the execution of security governance. It also investigates whether the EU has been effective in realising its stated security objectives and those of its member states. The book commences with a discussion on the changing nature of the European state, the changing nature and broadening of the security agenda, and the problem of security governance in the European political space. There are four functional challenges facing the EU as a security actor: the resolution of interstate conflicts, the management of intrastate conflicts, state-building endeavours, and building the institutions of civil society. The book then examines policies of prevention, particularly the pre-emption of conflict within Europe and its neighbourhood. It moves on to examine policies of assurance, particularly the problem of peace-building in south-eastern Europe. EU's peace-building or sustaining role where there has been a violent interstate or intrastate conflict, especially the origins and performance of the Stability Pact, is discussed. Finally, the book looks at the policies of protection which capture the challenge of internal security.

Tom Gallagher

with the government on its broad approach [austerity] but we are a bit against it in some of the details’ was how she summed up a posture which she feared would cost her party dear electorally. 12 Policy wonks were firmly in control of SPD strategy while at the European level opaque measures for fiscal coordination were being written by top officials in key national ministries and the European Commission who, all too often, were attentive to the ‘interests of their elite clients’. Only a small part of the European political space was taken into consideration. This

in Europe’s path to crisis
New threats, institutional adaptations
James Sperling

of threats posed to the European political space by Eurasia, and the role that international institutions are playing and may play in the creation of a sustainable system of security governance encompassing the Eurasian land mass. 4 2504Introduction 7/4/03 12:37 pm Page 5 Eurasian security governance Security governance in Eurasia Security governance is the policy problem confronting the great Eurasian powers in the contemporary international system. The postwar security system encompassing the Eurasian landmass was governed by the stable crisis produced by

in Limiting institutions?
The European Union and social democratic identity
Gerassimos Moschonas

democrats have found themselves in a non-conjunctural position of ideological inferiority in European political space. They have lost ground as well as a great part of their programmatic freedom of manoeuvre. Social democracy exhibited strong signs of programmatic destabilisation and exhaustion. Trapped in Europe? The EU and the identity dilemma of social democracy If socio-economic and cultural evolution do not represent ‘a particular drama for social democracy’ in the sense that they affect all political parties to some degree (Callaghan 2005: 190), European integration

in In search of social democracy
Abstract only
Richard Dunphy
Luke March

political activist’ whose loyalty is to the pan-European left (and, by extension, the pan-European political space), unmediated by national politics. However, the category of individual membership has, until now, been largely stymied, with individual members neither very numerous nor with any capacity to influence policy or exercise any clearly defined role. We discuss why this has been the case. We examine issues of leadership, hierarchy and policy-making within the EL, the role of the various party bodies and the question of internal party democracy. We reflect

in The European Left Party
The PES, the debt crisis and the Euro
Gerassimos Moschons

: Routledge). Dunphy, R. (2004). Contesting Capitalism? Left Parties and European Integration (Manchester: Manchester University Press). Gagatec, W. and Van Hecke, S. (2011). ‘Towards policy-seeking Europarties? The development of European political foundations’, EUI working papers, European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, Florence, RSCAS. Hanley, D. (2008). Beyond the Nation State: Parties in the Era of European Integration (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan). Heidar, K. (2003). ‘Parties and cleavages in the European political space’, Arena

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
Gavin Barrett

Parliament elections across the EU; and (b) the absence of a single European political space, and the linked failure of European Parliament elections to turn on European issues and go beyond 84 84 National parliaments in the European Union mere second-​order elections on national issues. However (c) structural reasons also seem to impede complete reliance on the European Parliament. Unlike in a parliamentary democracy, the European Parliament does not appoint the executive.16 Further, although the European Parliament enjoys a veto over legislation under the ordinary

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Abstract only
The EU and the governance of European security
Emil Kirchner
James Sperling

throughout the system irrespective of territorial boundaries: the growing dynamic density of the European political space; flawed or underdeveloped civil societies or democratic political institutions in regions adjacent to the EU, particularly in south-eastern Europe and the wider Mediterranean basin; the ubiquitousness of cyberspace; and simple geographical propinquity. Geographic propinquity and the absence of

in EU security governance
From Eastern enlargement to the Lisbon Treaty and beyond
Ingi Iusmen

Europe reached a tipping point after countries such as Italy and France undertook large scale Roma expulsions from their territory after 2007. Therefore, Eastern enlargement yielded the creation of a European political space for the formation and contestation of new meanings of who the Roma are, what they need and how they should be supported (Simhandl, 2006). 06_ChildrensRights_146-176.indd 149 10/10/2013 10:35 150 Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime The accession-monitoring process raised considerable awareness at the EU level

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime